Royal Papworth Hospital
|Royal Papworth Hospital|
|Royal Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust|
The hospital's front entrance.
|Location||Papworth Everard, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom|
|Care system||Public NHS|
|Affiliated university||University of Cambridge Medical School|
|Emergency department||No Accident & Emergency|
|Speciality||Cardiothoracic surgery including transplantation; cardiology; respiratory medicine|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
Royal Papworth Hospital is a heart and lung hospital, located in Papworth Everard in Cambridgeshire, England (though it is scheduled to move to a new site at the Cambridge Biomedical Campus in 2018). It was home to the first successful heart transplant in the UK, the world's first successful heart, lung and liver transplant, and one of the world's first non-beating-heart transplants. Papworth Hospital is due to move to new premises on the Cambridge Biomedical Campus in late 2018.
Papworth Hospital was founded in 1918 as a sanitorium for the treatment of tuberculosis among discharged soldiers who had served in the First World War, following a campaign led by Elsbeth Dimsdale, and was initially known as the “Cambridgeshire Tuberculosis Colony”. The institution was initially under the direction of Dr (later Sir) Pendrill Varrier-Jones. From the 1950s, surgical facilities developed, beginning with thoracic (chest/lung) surgery and expanding to cardiac surgery. Surgeon Ben Milstein performed the first open-heart surgery at Papworth Hospital in September 1958.
In August 1979, surgeon Terence English performed the first successful heart transplant in the UK at Papworth Hospital. The patient, Keith Castle, lived for over five years following his surgery. In August 1994 a team of doctors carried out a revolutionary operation when 62-year-old Arthur Cornhill was given the world's first permanent battery-operated heart.
In December 2013 it was announced that the hospital would move to the Cambridge Biomedical Campus next to Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge. Implementation of the scheme was temporarily delayed, following an intervention by HM Treasury, while the Trust investigated an alternative proposal of moving to the Peterborough City Hospital site, a concept to which there was considerable opposition given the financial problems at that hospital. In March 2015, the hospital announced that its move to the Cambridge Biomedical Campus was being procured under a private finance initiative contract. The construction works, which are being carried out by Skanska at a cost of £165 million, started immediately. They are expected to be complete, following some rectification to the cladding, in late 2018.
In May 2014, a new CT Scanner was unveiled at the hospital by its royal patron, the Duchess of Gloucester. In September 2017, Papworth Hospital was granted the designation “royal” by the Queen and so became Royal Papworth Hospital in January 2018.
Fundraising is also taking place for a Heart and Lung Research Institute, a joint venture between Papworth Hospital and the University of Cambridge, to be built on the Cambridge Biomedical Campus adjacent to the new hospital.
The Papworth site has two main building complexes: the main building (providing cardiology and all surgical services, together with the intensive care unit) and the Chest Medical Unit (providing respiratory medicine services). Sub-specialities include:
Those based in the Bernhard Baron Building, also called the Chest Medical Unit:
- the Respiratory Support and Sleep Centre, providing services for patients with sleep disorders (including common disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea and less common ones such as narcolepsy) and those with ventilatory failure (from conditions such as COPD or neuromuscular disorders including motor neuron disease and poliomyelitis). The service provides non-invasive ventilation and also accepts referrals from other intensive care units to wean patients from invasive ventilation;
- the pulmonary hypertension (PH) service (Papworth is one of the four UK Pulmonary Hypertension centres and the only one providing pulmonary thromboendarterectomy);
- the adult cystic fibrosis service;
- the Lung Defense service, for patients with recurrent lung infection, including those with bronchiectasis and immunodeficiency;
- the thoracic oncology (lung cancer) service;
- the ataxia telangiectasia service;
- services for patients with pulmonary fibrosis, vasculitis, and rare diseases including granulomatosis with polyangiitis and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.
Those based in the Christopher Parish Building:
- cardiac surgery, including heart transplantation, coronary artery bypass grafting, heart valve surgery, and pulmonary thromboendarterectomy;
- thoracic surgery, including lung cancer resection and lung transplantation;
- cardiology, including coronary angiography and coronary angioplasty, plus facilities for cardiac electrophysiology and catheter ablation, pacemaker insertion, implantable cardiac defibrillator, transcatheter structural heart procedures such as valve implantation
- intensive care services.
On 2 November 2007 it was announced that Papworth Hospital would suspend heart transplant activities while an investigation was undertaken into an unexplained rise in recipient mortality rates. The Hospital was given the all-clear on 19 November 2007 after the Healthcare Commission ruled the quality of care was good.
Papworth Hospital was named by the Health Service Journal as one of the top hundred NHS trusts to work for in 2015. At that time it had 1677 full-time equivalent staff and a sickness absence rate of 3.63%. 92% of staff recommend it as a place for treatment and 75% recommended it as a place to work.
In a survey of 242 hospitals in England it had the fastest responding telephone switchboard, with an average response time of 3 seconds.
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- correspondent, Fergus Walsh Medical. "Europe's first non-beating heart transplant". BBC News. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
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- "Papworth buys land ready for Cambridge move". BBC. 23 December 2014.
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- Bryder, Linda (October 1984). "Papworth Village Settlement – a unique experiment in the treatment and care of the tuberculous?" (PDF). Medical History. 28 (4): 372–390. doi:10.1017/s0025727300036267. PMC . PMID 6390031. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- Clare Mulley, The Woman Who Saved the Children
- Wallwork, John (4 June 2013). "Ben Milstein obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- "From the heart – with thanks". BBC. 30 September 1998. Retrieved 5 April 2016.
- "The Glasgow Herald – Google News Archive Search". Google News. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
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- "New Papworth Hospital". papworthhospital.nhs.uk. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- "Skanska's Royal Papworth Hospital delayed over cladding fears". Construction Manager Magazine. 2 July 2018. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
- "Court Circular". 30 April 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
- "Papworth Hospital granted royal title by Queen". BBC. 21 September 2017.
- "Expanding the heart and lungs of medicine". University of Cambridge. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
- "Site map" (PDF). Royal Papworth Hospital. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
- Papworth halts heart transplants, BBC News, 2 November 2007, retrieved 2 November 2007
- Heart hospital gets the all-clear, BBC News, 19 November 2007, retrieved 19 November 2007
- "HSJ reveals the best places to work in 2015". Health Service Journal. 7 July 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015.
- "The call must go out to improve hospital switchboard services". Health Service Journal. 20 April 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- Reuters (24 December 2011). "Surgery sidelines Prince Philip". The Gazette. Montreal. Retrieved 26 December 2011.
- Peter Hunt (24 December 2011), Prince Philip has heart procedure at Papworth Hospital, BBC, retrieved 24 December 2011
- New Papworth Hospital website
- Papworth Hospital Papworth Hospital website
- Respiratory Support and Sleep Centre microsite
- Papworth Direct microsite
- The Papworth Hospital Charity website
- The Papworth Hospital Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care website
- Papworth Clinic website for the Papworth's Private Patients' Centre