|Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust|
The hospital's front entrance.
|Location||Papworth Everard, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom|
|Care system||Public NHS|
|Affiliated university||University of Cambridge Medical School|
|Emergency department||No Accident & Emergency|
|Speciality||Cardiothoracic surgery including transplantation; cardiology; respiratory medicine|
|Lists||Hospitals in England|
Papworth Hospital is a heart and lung hospital in Cambridgeshire, England. It was home to the first successful heart transplant in the UK and one of the world's first beating-heart transplants. Papworth Hospital is due to move to new premises on the Cambridge Biomedical Campus in 2018.
The hospital was founded in 1918 as a sanitorium and industrial colony for the treatment of tuberculosis under the direction of Dr (later Sir) Pendrill Varrier Jones. From the 1950s, surgical facilities developed, beginning with thoracic (chest/lung) surgery and expanding to cardiac surgery. Surgeon Ben Milstein performed the first open-heart surgery at Papworth Hospital in September 1958.
In August 1979, surgeon Terence English performed the first successful heart transplant in the UK at Papworth Hospital. The patient, Keith Castle, lived for over five years following his surgery. In August 1994 a team of doctors carried out a revolutionary operation when 62-year-old Arthur Cornhill was given the world's first permanent battery-operated heart.
Today, Papworth is the UK's largest specialist cardiothoracic hospital and main heart and lung transplant centre.
Original historical documents relating to Papworth Hospital, the Village Settlement and the TB colony are today held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office in Cambridge.
The Papworth site has two main building complexes: the main building (providing cardiology and all surgical services, together with the intensive care unit) and the Chest Medical Unit (providing respiratory medicine services). Subspecialities include:
Those based in the Bernhard Baron Building, also called the Chest Medical Unit:
- the Respiratory Support and Sleep Centre, providing services for patients with sleep disorders (including common disorders such as obstructive sleep apnea and less common ones such as narcolepsy) and those with ventilatory failure (from conditions such as COPD or neuromuscular disorders including motor neuron disease and poliomyelitis). The service provides non-invasive ventilation and also accepts referrals from other intensive care units to wean patients from invasive ventilation;
- the pulmonary hypertension (PH) service (Papworth is one of the four UK Pulmonary Hypertension centres and the only one providing pulmonary thromboendarterectomy);
- the adult cystic fibrosis service;
- the Lung Defense service, for patients with recurrent lung infection, including those with bronchiectasis and immunodeficiency;
- the thoracic oncology (lung cancer) service;
- the ataxia telangiectasia service;
- services for patients with pulmonary fibrosis, vasculitis, and rare diseases including granulomatosis with polyangiitis and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis.
Those based in the Christopher Parish Building:
- cardiac surgery, including heart transplantation, coronary artery bypass grafting, heart valve surgery, and pulmonary thromboendarterectomy;
- thoracic surgery, including lung cancer resection and lung transplantation;
- cardiology, including coronary angiography and coronary angioplasty, plus facilities for cardiac electrophysiology and catheter ablation, pacemaker insertion, implantable cardiac defibrillator, transcatheter structural heart procedures such as valve implantation
- intensive care services.
On 2 November 2007 it was announced that Papworth Hospital would suspend heart transplant activities while an investigation was undertaken into an unexplained rise in recipient mortality rates. The Hospital was given the all-clear on 19 November 2007 after the Healthcare Commission ruled the quality of care was good.
Papworth Hospital was named by the Health Service Journal as one of the top hundred NHS trusts to work for in 2015. At that time it had 1677 full time equivalent staff and a sickness absence rate of 3.63%. 92% of staff recommend it as a place for treatment and 75% recommended it as a place to work.
In May 2014, a new CT Scanner was unveiled by the hospital's royal patron, the Duchess of Gloucester.
In a survey of 242 hospitals in England it had the fastest responding telephone switchboard, with an average response time of 3 seconds.
Move to the Cambridge Biomedical Campus
The plans to move the hospital onto the Cambridge Biomedical Campus next to Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge, have been agreed. The move was initially expected to be completed in 2017. However, an intervention by the Treasury in February 2014 meant that these plans had to be put on hold, and raised the possibility that some or all of its services may be moved to Peterborough City Hospital. This had raised concerns due to financial problems at that hospital.
In March 2015, Papworth Hospital announced that financial close had been reached for the New Papworth Hospital project, allowing work to immediately begin on the Cambridge site. Construction started in early 2015 and is progressing well with the new Papworth Hospital expected to open in 2018. A fly-through video offers a virtual tour of the new hospital, and a webcam shows construction site progress.
The £165million project is being funded from private finance and public sector funding. Additionally, a Heart and Lung Research Institute, a joint venture between Papworth Hospital and the University of Cambridge, is planned to be built on the campus adjacent to the new hospital.
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- Reuters (24 December 2011). "Surgery sidelines Prince Philip". The Gazette (Montreal). Retrieved 26 December 2011.
- Peter Hunt (24 December 2011), Prince Philip has heart procedure at Papworth Hospital, BBC, retrieved 24 December 2011
- New Papworth Hospital website
- Papworth Hospital Papworth Hospital website
- Respiratory Support and Sleep Centre microsite
- Papworth Direct microsite
- The Papworth Hospital Charity website
- The Papworth Hospital Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care website
- Papworth Clinic website for the Papworth's Private Patients' Centre