Papworth Hospital

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Papworth Hospital
Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Papworth hospital.jpg
The hospital's front entrance.
Location Papworth Everard, Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom
Care system Public NHS
Hospital type Specialist
Affiliated university University of Cambridge Medical School
Emergency department No Accident & Emergency
Beds 240
Speciality Cardiothoracic surgery including transplantation; cardiology; respiratory medicine
Founded 1918
Lists Hospitals in England

Papworth Hospital is a heart and lung hospital in Cambridgeshire, England. It was home to the first successful heart transplant in the UK and one of the world's first beating-heart transplants.[1] Papworth Hospital is due to move to new premises on the Cambridge Biomedical Campus in 2018.[2][3][4][5]


The hospital was founded in 1918 as a sanitorium and industrial colony for the treatment of tuberculosis under the direction of Dr (later Sir) Pendrill Varrier Jones.[6][7] From the 1950s, surgical facilities developed, beginning with thoracic (chest/lung) surgery and expanding to cardiac surgery. Surgeon Ben Milstein performed the first open-heart surgery at Papworth Hospital in September 1958.[8][9]

In August 1979, surgeon Terence English performed the first successful heart transplant in the UK at Papworth Hospital. The patient, Keith Castle, lived for over five years following his surgery.[10] In August 1994 a team of doctors carried out a revolutionary operation when 62-year-old Arthur Cornhill was given the world's first permanent battery-operated heart.[11]

Today, Papworth is the UK's largest specialist cardiothoracic hospital and main heart and lung transplant centre.

Original historical documents relating to Papworth Hospital, the Village Settlement and the TB colony are today held by Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies at the County Record Office in Cambridge.


The Papworth site has two main building complexes: the main building (providing cardiology and all surgical services, together with the intensive care unit) and the Chest Medical Unit (providing respiratory medicine services). Subspecialities include:

Those based in the Bernhard Baron Building, also called the Chest Medical Unit:

Those based in the Christopher Parish Building:


On 2 November 2007 it was announced that Papworth Hospital would suspend heart transplant activities while an investigation was undertaken into an unexplained rise in recipient mortality rates.[12] The Hospital was given the all-clear on 19 November 2007 after the Healthcare Commission ruled the quality of care was good.[13]

Papworth Hospital was named by the Health Service Journal as one of the top hundred NHS trusts to work for in 2015. At that time it had 1677 full time equivalent staff and a sickness absence rate of 3.63%. 92% of staff recommend it as a place for treatment and 75% recommended it as a place to work.[14]

In May 2014, a new CT Scanner was unveiled by the hospital's royal patron, the Duchess of Gloucester.

In a survey of 242 hospitals in England it had the fastest responding telephone switchboard, with an average response time of 3 seconds.[15]

Move to the Cambridge Biomedical Campus[edit]

The plans to move the hospital onto the Cambridge Biomedical Campus next to Addenbrooke's Hospital in Cambridge, have been agreed. The move was initially expected to be completed in 2017.[16] However, an intervention by the Treasury in February 2014 meant that these plans had to be put on hold, and raised the possibility that some or all of its services may be moved to Peterborough City Hospital. This had raised concerns due to financial problems at that hospital.[17]

In March 2015, Papworth Hospital announced that financial close had been reached for the New Papworth Hospital project, allowing work to immediately begin on the Cambridge site.[18] Construction started in early 2015 and is progressing well with the new Papworth Hospital expected to open in 2018. A fly-through video offers a virtual tour of the new hospital, and a webcam shows construction site progress.

The £165million project is being funded from private finance and public sector funding. Additionally, a Heart and Lung Research Institute, a joint venture between Papworth Hospital and the University of Cambridge, is planned to be built on the campus adjacent to the new hospital.[19]

Notable patients[edit]

On December 23, 2011, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, then 90 years of age, underwent successful coronary angioplasty and stenting at Papworth Hospital.[20][21]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ correspondent, Fergus Walsh Medical. "Europe's first non-beating heart transplant". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-03-31. 
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Munks Roll Details for Pendrill Charles (Sir) Varrier-Jones". Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  7. ^ Bryder, Linda (October 1984). "Papworth Village Settlement - a unique experiment in the treatment and care of the tuberculous?" (PDF). Medical History 28 (4): 372–390. PMC 1140011. PMID 1140011. Retrieved 5 April 2016. 
  8. ^ Wallwork, John (2013-06-04). "Ben Milstein obituary". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  9. ^ "From the heart - with thanks". BBC. 1998-09-30. Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  10. ^ "The Glasgow Herald - Google News Archive Search". Retrieved 2016-03-31. 
  11. ^ "1994: Man gets 'bionic' heart". BBC. 1994-08-26. Retrieved 2016-04-05. 
  12. ^ Papworth halts heart transplants, BBC News Online, 2007-11-02, retrieved 2007-11-02 
  13. ^ Heart hospital gets the all-clear, BBC News Online, 2007-11-19, retrieved 2007-11-19 
  14. ^ "HSJ reveals the best places to work in 2015". Health Service Journal. 7 July 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  15. ^ "The call must go out to improve hospital switchboard services". Health Service Journal. 20 April 2016. Retrieved 2 July 2016. 
  16. ^ Papworth heart and lung specialist hospital to move, BBC News Online, 2013-12-03, retrieved 2014-02-14 
  17. ^ Papworth hospital's future in doubt after Treasury intervention, The Guardian, 2014-02-14, retrieved 2014-02-14 
  18. ^ "New Papworth Hospital - news". Retrieved 2016-03-31. 
  19. ^ "Expanding the heart and lungs of medicine". University of Cambridge. 2012-11-07. Retrieved 2016-03-31. 
  20. ^ Reuters (24 December 2011). "Surgery sidelines Prince Philip". The Gazette (Montreal). Retrieved 26 December 2011. 
  21. ^ Peter Hunt (24 December 2011), Prince Philip has heart procedure at Papworth Hospital, BBC, retrieved 24 December 2011 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°14′53″N 0°06′39″W / 52.248057°N 0.110770°W / 52.248057; -0.110770