Papyrus 39

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Papyrus 39
New Testament manuscript
Papyrus 39 (GA) POxy1780.jpg
Name P. Oxy. 1780
Text John 8 †
Date 3rd century
Script Greek
Found Egypt
Now at The Green Collection
Cite Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri XV, 1922, pp. 7-8.
Size 26 by 16 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I

Papyrus 39 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), signed by 39, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Gospel of John, it contains only John 8:14-22. The manuscript paleographically had been assigned to the 3rd century. Written by professional scribe, in 25 lines per page, in large, beautiful letters. It has numbered pages.[1]

Don Barker proposes a wider and earlier range of dates for Papyrus 39, along with Uncial 0232, Papyrus 88 and Uncial 0206; and states that all four could be dated as early as the late second century or as late as the end of the fourth century.[2]

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type (proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I.[3] 39 shows agreement with Vaticanus and 75.[1] There are no singular readings.[4]

Guglielmo Cavallo published its facsimile in 1967.[5]

The manuscript now resides in the Green Collection and is featured in its worldwide-traveling exhibition, Passages.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9. 
  2. ^ Barker, Don (2009). "How long and old is the codex of which P.Oxy 1353 is a leaf?" in "Jewish and Christian Scripture as artifact and canon" eds Craig. A. Evans and H. Daniel Zacharias. London: T&T Clark. pp. 192 to 202. ISBN 0-567-58485-2. 
  3. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  4. ^ Peter M. Head, The Habits of New Testament Copyists Singular Readings in the Early Fragmentary Papyri of John, Biblica 85 (2004), 399-408.
  5. ^ G. Cavallo, Ricerche sulla maiuscola biblica (1967), pl. 27.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell Arthur Hunt