|New Testament manuscript
|Text||Luke 1-6 (extensive parts of,)|
|Date||Late 2nd/3rd century|
|Now at||Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale, Suppl. Gr. 1120|
It is one of the earliest manuscripts (along with P75) of the Gospel of Luke and contains extensive sections of its first six chapters. It is currently housed in the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Suppl. Gr. 1120) in Paris.
It contains texts of Luke: 1:58-59; 1:62-2:1; 2:6-7; 3:8-4:2; 4:29-32, 34-35; 5:3-8; 5:30-6:16
- Notable readings
In Luke 6:2 — οὐκ ἔξεστιν (not lawful) for οὐκ ἔξεστιν ποιεῖν (not lawful to do); the reading is supported only by Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209, (Codex Bezae), Codex Nitriensis, 700, lat, copsa, copbo, arm, geo;
P4 was used as stuffing for the binding of "a codex of Philo, written in the later third century and found in a jar which had been walled up in a house at Coptos [in 250]."
Philip Comfort and David Barret in their book Text of the Earliest NT Greek Manuscripts argue that P4 came from the same codex as P64/67, the Magdalen papyrus, and date the texts to 150-175. Willker tentatively agrees stating 'The [3rd century] dating given is that of NA. Some date it into the 2nd CE (e.g. Roberts and Comfort). This is quite probable considering the use as binding material for a 3rd CE codex'. Comfort and Barret also show that 4 and P64+67 have affinities with a number of late 2nd century papyri. Roberts (1979), Skeat (1997), Willker and Stanton also date the text to the late 2nd century, leading Gregory to conclude that '[t]here is good reason to believe that P4 ... may have been written late in the 2nd century...'. Most recently Charlesworth has concluded 'that P64+67 and P4, though written by the same scribe, are not from the same ... codex.'
- Gregory (2003) p.28
- Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
- Philip W. Comfort, David P. Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts, Tyndale House Publishers, Wheaton 1999, s. 43.
- NA26, p. 170.
- Roberts (1979) p. 8
- Comfort (2001) pp. 50-53, see also Comfort (1999)
- i.e. P. Oxy. 224, 661, 2334, 2404 2750, P. Ryl. 16, 547, and P. Vindob G 29784
- Gregory (2003), p.30
- Stanton (1997) p. 327
- Charlesworth (2007), p.604
- Charlesworth, SD (2007) T. C. Skeat, P64+67 and P4, and the Problem of Fibre Orientation in Codicological Reconstruction, New Test. Stud. Vol.53, pp. 582–604, doi:10.1017/S002868850700029X
- Comfort, Philip W. "New Reconstructions and Identifications of New Testament Papyri," Novum Testamentum, Vol. 41, Fasc. 3., (Jul., 1999) pp. 214–230.
- Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. pp. 46–71. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
- Gregory, A. The Reception of Luke and Acts in the Period Before Irenaeus, Mohr Siebeck, (2003) ISBN 3-16-148086-4, p. 28
- C. R. Gregory, Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament, Hinrichs, p. 45.
- Head, P. M. (2005), Is P4, P64 and P67 the Oldest Manuscript of the Four Gospels? A Response to T. C. Skeat, New Test. Stud. 51, pp. 450–457, doi:10.1017/S0028688505000238
- Roberts, Colin. Manuscript, Society, and Belief in Early Christian Egypt Longwood (June 1979) ISBN 0-85672-710-5 pp. 8+23
- Skeat, T. C. (1997), The Oldest Manuscript of the Four Gospels?, New Test. Stud. 43, p. 1-34
- Stanton, G. N. (1997), The Fourfold Gospel, New Test. Stud. 43, p. 327
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Papyrus 4.|
- Willker, Wieland. A Textual Commentary on the Greek Gospels, (undated+unfinished)
- "Handschriftenliste". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 13 August 2011.