Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 654
Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 654 (P. Oxy. 654) is a papyrus fragment of the logia of Jesus written in Greek. It is one of the Oxyrhynchus Papyri discovered by Grenfell and Hunt between 1897 and 1904 in the Egyptian town of Oxyrhynchus. The fragment is dated to the middle or late of the 3rd century. It is one of only three Greek manuscripts of the Gospel of Thomas.
The manuscript was written on papyrus in scroll form. The measurements of the original leaf were 142 mm by 155 mm. The text is written in cursive letters, in a competent hand. It uses diaeresis over initial upsilon; two corrections were made. The nomina sacra are written in an abbreviated way (ΙΗΣ for Ἰησοῦς Jesus).
According to Grenfell and Hunt, who identified this fragment as Logia Iesu ("Sayings of Jesus"), the original manuscript contained a collection of Jesus's sayings. They suggested that original manuscript could be a part of the Gospel of Thomas, or Gospel of Philip. The only complete copy of the Gospel of Thomas was found in 1945 when a Coptic version was discovered at Nag Hammadi with a collection of early Christian Gnostic texts.
The fragment contains logia (sayings) 1–7 of the Gospel of Thomas on the verso side of the leaf (opistograph). Grenfell and Hunt also discovered another two fragments of this apocryphal Gospel: P. Oxy. 1 and P. Oxy. 655.
- Larry Hurtado, The Earliest Christian Artifacts (Wm. Eerdmans 2006), p. 228.
- Plisch, Uwe-Karsten (2007). Das Thomasevangelium. Originaltext mit Kommentar. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft. p. 12. ISBN 3-438-05128-1.
- Larry Hurtado, The Earliest Christian Artifacts (Wm. Eerdmans 2006), p. 240.
- Grenfell, B. P.; Hunt, A. S. (1904). Oxyrhynchus Papyri IV. London: Egypt Exploration Fund. pp. 18–19.
- Plisch, Uwe-Karsten (2007). Das Thomasevangelium. Originaltext mit Kommentar. Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft. p. 9. ISBN 3-438-05128-1.
- Peter Nagel, Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 654, 1–5 und der Prolog des Thomasevangeliums ZNW, Volume 101, Issue 2, p. 267.
- Papyrus Oxyrhynchus 654
- Grenfell, B. P.; Hunt, A. S. (1904). Oxyrhynchus Papyri IV. London: Egypt Exploration Fund. pp. 1–22.
- Nicholas Perrin, HC II,2 and the Oxyrhynchus Fragments (P. Oxy 1, 654, 655): Overlooked Evidence for a Syriac "Gospel of Thomas", Vigiliae Christianae, Vol. 58, No. 2 (May, 2004), pp. 138–151