Papyrus Vindobonensis Greek 39777
The Papyrus Vindobonensis Graecus 39777 signed as SymP.Vindob.G.39777 – is a fragment of a Greek manuscript of the Psalms of the translation of Symmachus. It was written in papyrus in a scroll form. The papyrus contains fragments of Psalm 69 and Psalm 81 (as the numeration of the Septuaginta is Psalms 68 and 80).
The P.Vindob.G.39777 is dated to late third century or beginning fourth century.
It was published by the Dr. Carl Wessely in his work Studien zur Palaeographie und Papyruskunde, Vol. XI., Leipzig, 1911, pag. 171.
The papyrus contains the tetragrammaton written with Hebrew characters in the following places: Ps 69,13.30.31. The traduction of Symmachs was a part of the Hexapla and Tetrapli, the work contains the translations of the Hebrew to Greek bible, it was written by Origen. According to Bruce M. Metzger the Greek translation of Hebrew Bible prepared by Symmachus was realiced with a different metod that the translation of Aquila, because his intention was not a literal translation, rather an elegant message from the Hebrew to Greek text.
- Thomas J. Kraus (2007). Original Manuscripts and Their Significance for Studying Early Christianity. Selected Essays. Leiden: Koninkijke Brill. p. 3. ISBN 978 90 04 16182 5.
- Eusebius Ecclesiastic History VI/16:4
- Bruce M. Metzger (1993). "Theory of the translation process". Theories of the Translation Process: Bibliotheca Sacra 150: 598. Biblical studies. pp. 140–150. Retrieved April 24, 2012.
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- "Jehovah's Will (jl) — Watchtower ONLINE LIBRARY". wol.jw.org. Retrieved 2017-01-31.