Paraćin

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Paraćin
Параћин
Town and municipality
Paraćin.JPG
Coat of arms of Paraćin
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Paraćin within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Paraćin within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°52′N 21°25′E / 43.867°N 21.417°E / 43.867; 21.417Coordinates: 43°52′N 21°25′E / 43.867°N 21.417°E / 43.867; 21.417
Country  Serbia
Region Šumadija and Western Serbia
District Pomoravlje
Settlements 35
Government
 • Mayor Saša Paunović (DS)
Area[1]
 • Municipality 542 km2 (209 sq mi)
Elevation 132 m (433 ft)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 24,573
 • Municipality 54,267
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 35250
Area code +381(0)35
Car plates PN
Website www.paracin.rs

Paraćin (Serbian Cyrillic: Параћин, pronounced [pâratɕin]) is a town and municipality located in the Pomoravlje District of central Serbia. It is located in the valley of the Velika Morava river, north of Kruševac and southeast of Kragujevac. In 2011 the town had a population of 24,573. It also had a civil airport.

History[edit]

There is a Neolithic archaeological site in the village of Drenovac.[3] 8th century BC Basarabi pottery was found with the depiction of domestic cock.[4] The Roman fort at Momčilov Grad produced a great number of coins of Byzantine Emperor Justinian (525–565).[5]

A medieval town of Petrus was granted by Emperor Dušan to the local župan Vukoslav. Petrus was a center of Petruš region (sr), one of the spiritual centers of Medieval Serbia. It comprised 14 monasteries and churches, all from the 14th century, along the rivers Crnica and Grza. As of 2017 several of the monasteries are being restored while there are plans to restore the town of Petrus, too, and to establish a touristic complex which would encompass both the town and the monasteries.[3]

Paraćin was mentioned for the first time in 1375. That year, Prince Lazar of Serbia issued a charter to the Monastery of Great Lavra by which he granted to the monastery villages in the Petruš region, and Trg Parakinov brod ("Town of Parakin's boat"). It is believed that the name of the town originated from Parakin, name of a ferryman who ferried the people across the Crnica river, on which the town is located. In time, the name evolved into Paraćin.[3]

In the 19th century, with the construction of the railway and its further branching, and already being located on the most important road route, Tsarigrad Road, Paraćin became a major traffic hub. The industry followed the traffic, so Paraćin was one of the largest industrial centers of Serbia in the 19th and 20th century, and the most densely populated town in country in the late 19th century.[3]

From 1929 to 1941, Paraćin was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Folklore[edit]

Nickname for an inhabitant of Paraćin is Džigeran, derived from the colloquial Serbian word for liver, džigerica, and originating from the 19th century. There are couple of jovial stories how it came about and both stem from the popular local rivalry between the towns of Paraćin and Jagodina. According to one story, Serbian ruler Prince Miloš Obrenović, visited Paraćin. The hosts didn't know what to prepare for the prince, so the townsfolk from the neighboring Jagodina told them to prepare liver, cause prince adores it. Actually, it was quite the opposite, so when prince tasted the liver, which he couldn't stand, he said: Oh liver, are you meat? Oh, people of Paraćin, are you humans? Another story goes that a train hit a turkey in Jagodina (turkey is town's symbol) and dragged it all the way to Paraćin, with only liver remaining on the locomotive.[3]

Settlements[edit]

Apart from the town of Paraćin, the municipality includes the following settlements, along with number of residents (2002 census):

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[6]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 115
Mining 34
Processing industry 2,897
Distribution of power, gas and water 74
Distribution of water and water waste management 172
Construction 555
Wholesale and retail, repair 2,338
Traffic, storage and communication 873
Hotels and restaurants 317
Media and telecommunications 99
Finance and insurance 141
Property stock and charter 37
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 350
Administrative and other services 235
Administration and social assurance 452
Education 773
Healthcare and social work 810
Art, leisure and recreation 117
Other services 179
Total 10,569

Culture[edit]

The town has a Home Museum, a library and a "Pitagora" gallery.[3]

Tourism[edit]

The Sisevac excursion place is the most popular excursion sites in the municipality. Located in the small village with only 15 inhabitants in 2011,[7], it is located in the structural basin on the Kučaj mountains, at an altitude of 360 m (1,180 ft). Sisevac is surrounded by forests and is the location of the Crnica river spring. Due to the favorable microclimate and the natural springs of the mineral water, it was known as the weather spa already in the 14th century.[3]

Another excursion site is Grza, through which the river of the same name runs through. Popular attraction is the village of Gornja Mutnica and the river Suvara. Though it runs through the village only for a length of 500 m (1,600 ft), there are 30 bridges over it.[3]

Notable citizens[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Paraćin is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28. 
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h G.Zorkić (24 December 2017), "Prkosni grad na Carigradskom drumu" [Defiant town on Tsarigrad Road], Politika-Magazin, No. 1066 (in Serbian), pp. 20–21 
  4. ^ Función depuradora de los humedales I: una revisión bibliográfica sobre el papel de los macrófitos (in Spanish)
  5. ^ [1][dead link]
  6. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2017" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 20 February 2018. 
  7. ^ Comparative overview of the number of population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011 – Data by settlements, page 74. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. 

External links[edit]