(4-nitrophenyl) dihydrogen phosphate
3D model (JSmol)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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para-Nitrophenylphosphate (pNPP) is a non-proteinaceous chromogenic substrate for alkaline and acid phosphatases used in ELISA and conventional spectrophotometric assays. Phosphatases catalyze the hydrolysis of pNPP liberating inorganic phosphate and the conjugate base of para-nitrophenol (pNP). The resulting phenolate is yellow, with a maximal absorption at 405 nm. This property can be used to determine the activity of various phosphatases including alkaline phosphatase (AP) and protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP). The substance is sensitive to light, and thus should be stored protected from light. This is also important after adding the substrate to the mixture and before reading. -20°C is the optimal storage temperature.
- Lorenz, Ulrike (2017-05-07). "Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase Assays". Current protocols in immunology / edited by John E. Coligan ... [et al.] CHAPTER: Unit–11.7. ISSN 1934-3671. PMC . PMID 21462163. doi:10.1002/0471142735.im1107s93.
- MacKintosh, C. (1993). In D.G. Hardie (Ed.). Protein Phosphorylation: A Practical Approach. 221. New York: IRL Press.
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