Para (community development block)

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Para
পারা
Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Para is located in West Bengal
Para
Para
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°31′00″N 86°31′00″E / 23.51667°N 86.51667°E / 23.51667; 86.51667
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Purulia
Parliamentary constituency Purulia
Assembly constituency Para
Area
 • Total 312.59 km2 (120.69 sq mi)
Elevation 192 m (630 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 200,621
 • Density 640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
PIN 723155 (Para)
723162 (Dubra)
723126 (Anara RS)
723146 (Santaldih TP)
Telephone/STD code 03251
Vehicle registration WB-55, WB-56
Literacy Rate 65.62 per cent
Website http://parablock.org/
http://purulia.gov.in/

Para is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Raghunathpur subdivision of Purulia district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The Jaina Bhagavati-Sutra of the 5th century AD mentions that Purulia was one of the sixteen mahajanapadas and was a part of the kingdom known as Vajra-bhumi in ancient times. In 1833, Manbhum district was carved out of Jungle Mahals district, with headquarters at Manbazar. In 1838, the headquarters was transferred to Purulia. In 1956, Manbhum district was partitioned between Bihar and West Bengal under the States Reorganization Act and the Bihar and West Bengal (Transfer of Territories) Act 1956.[1]

Geography[edit]

Para is located at 23°31′N 86°31′E / 23.52°N 86.52°E / 23.52; 86.52.

Para CD Block is located in the north-western part of the district. The area becomes undulating with hillocks of hard rocks, which are extended from the high Chota Nagpur Plateau. There are some hills ranging from 150 to 750 meters approximately in altitude.[2]

Para CD Block is bounded by Raghunathpur II CD Block on the north, Raghunathpur I and Kashipur CD Blocks on the east, Hura and Purulia II CD Blocks on the south and Jhalda II CD Block and Chandankiyari CD Block, in Bokaro district of Jharkhand, on the west.[3][4]

It is located 29 km from Purulia, the district headquarters.[3]

Para CD Block has an area of 312.59 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 10 gram panchayats, 136 gram sansads (village councils), 135 mouzas, 118 inhabited villages and 5 census towns. Para and Santaldih (partly) police stations serve this block.[5] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Para.[6][7]

Gram panchayats of Para block/panchayat samiti are: Anara, Bahara, Deoli, Dubra, Jabarra Jhapra I, Jabara Jhapra II, Nadiha Surulia, Para and Udaipur-Joinagar.[8]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India Para CD Block had a total population of 200,621, of which 167,997 were rural and 32,624 were urban. There were 103,306 (51%) males and 97,315 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 29,376. Scheduled Castes numbered 66,751 (33.27%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 10,335 (5.15%). [9]

As per 2001 census, Para block had a total population of 174,596, out of which 90,259 were males and 84,337 were females. Para block registered a population growth of 15.45 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Purulia district was 13.96 per cent.[10] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[11]

Census Towns in Para CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Santaldih Power Project Town (2,507), Kanki (6,884), Dubra (5,506), Chapari (6,556) and Shankara (11,171).[9]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Para CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Para (9,697), Anara (5,517) and Phusrabai 4,207).[9]

Other villages in Para CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Deuli (2,044), Jabarra (3,244), Nadiha (2,029), Baharra (2,241), Suruliya (3,405) and Jhapra alias Udaipur (2,944).[9]

Literacy[edit]

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Para CD Block was 112,377 (65.62% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 70,311 (79.61% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 42,066 (50.73%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 28.88%.[9]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Languages and religion[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[3]

There is a tribal presence in many of the CD Blocks of the district. Santali was spoken by around 14% of the population of the earlier Manbhum district. Some people also speak Mundari or Kolarian languages such as Kurmali, Mundari and the languages of Bhumij and Mahli.[12]

Religion in Para CD Block
Hindu
  
79.53%
Muslim
  
18.37%
Christian
  
0.10%
Others
  
2.00%

In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 159,554 and formed 79.53% of the population in Para CD Block. Muslims numbered 36,853 and formed 18.37% of the population. Christians numbered 195 and formed 0.10% of the population. Others numbered 4,019 and formed 2.00% of the population.[13] Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria,[14] and other religious communities.[13]

Economy[edit]

Infrastructure[edit]

119 mouzas in Para CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014. The total consumption of electricity in Purulia district in 2013-14 was 228,350 KWH, out of which 130,376 KWH was domestic consumption and 925 KWH was for agricultural irrigation and dewatering.[15]

Thermal Power Station[edit]

Santaldih Thermal Power Station of West Bengal Power Development Corporation has a total capacity of 980 MW (4x120, 2x250).[16]

Agriculture[edit]

In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Para CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 1.90%, patta (document) holders 11.35%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 3.88%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 28.42% and agricultural labourers 54.44%.[15]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Para CD Block was 9,794.63 hectares, out of which 2,792.00 hectares were by canals, 6,162.63 hectares by tank water, 235.0 hectares by open dug wells and 635.00 hectares by other means.[15]

In 2013-14, Para CD Block produced 33,070 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 14,499 hectares. It also produced wheat, mustard and potatoes.[15]

Banking[edit]

In 2013-14, Para CD Block had offices of 8 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[15]

Transport[edit]

In 2013-14, Para CD Block had 7 originating/ terminating bus routes.[15]

Adra-Gomoh branch line of South-Eastern Railway passes through this CD Block. There is a station at Santaldih.[17]

The Adra-Chandil section of the Asansol-Tatanagar-Kharagpur line of South Eastern Railway passes through this CD Block and there is a station at Anara.[18]

State Highway 8 (West Bengal) running from Santaldih (in Purulia district) to Majhdia (in Nadia district) originates in this CD Block.[19]

Education[edit]

In 2013-14, Para CD Block had 166 primary schools with 18,432 students, 26 middle schools with 2,143 students, 3 high schools with 2,250 students and 16 higher secondary schools with 17,204 students. Para CD Block had 2 professional/ technical institutions with 179 students and 289 institutions with 10,029 students for special and non-formal education.[15]

Healthcare[edit]

In 2014, Para CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 3 primary health centres, 1 medical centre of PSU/ other department and 1 private nursing home with total 156 beds and 29 doctors. 15,895 patients were treated indoor and 331,506 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Historical background". Purulia District. Archived from the original on 2008-01-03. Retrieved 2008-03-02. 
  2. ^ "District Census Handbook Puruliya" (PDF). pages 11,12. Directorate of Census Operations West Bengal. Retrieved 6 December 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c "Jaipur Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Purulia district". Blocks in Purulia district. Purulia district administration. Retrieved 14 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  6. ^ "Para Development Block". Purulia district administration. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook: Puruliya" (PDF). Map of District Puruliya with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 2 December 2016. 
  8. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Paschim Medinipur - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  10. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Puruliya District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2016. 
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 17 July 2016. 
  12. ^ "Bengal District Gazetteers - Manbhum by H. Coupland, ICS". Section 72, First Published 1911. University of California, San Diego. Retrieved 27 September 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  14. ^ "ST-14 A Details Of Religions Shown Under 'Other Religions And Persuasions' In Main Table". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Purulia". Tables 21.1, 8.2, 8.2(a), 5.1, 5.1(b), 17.2, 18.2, 18.1, 18.3, 20.1, 21,2, 4.1, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 September 2016. 
  16. ^ "Santaldih Thermal Power Station". WBPDCL. Retrieved 21 September 2016. 
  17. ^ "58604 Gomoh-Kharagpur Passenger". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 20 September 2016. 
  18. ^ "63594 Asansol-Purulia MEMU". Time Table. indiarailinfo. Retrieved 28 September 2016. 
  19. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 21 September 2016.