Para (currency)

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50 para of 1965

The para (Turkish para, plural: pare. From Persian pārah, 'piece';[1][2] Cyrillic: пара) was a former currency of the Ottoman Empire, Turkey, Egypt, Montenegro, Albania and Yugoslavia and is the current subunit, although rarely used, of the Serbian dinar.

In 1524, the Ottoman law code of Egypt (kanunname) referred to the Mamluk Egyptian coin medin as pare and set its value as 2.5 dirham. Since 1640 the value of para was settled relative to Ottoman currency, at 3 akçe. In the 16th and 17th centuries pare were minted in many parts of the empire, in Asia and north Africa.[3] In 1688 the Ottoman kuruş was introduced, para equaling 140 of a kuruş. In 1844, a kuruş was, in turn, 1100 of the newly introduced Ottoman Lira.

The modern Turkish lira is only divided into kuruş.

In Serbia, the para has been the subunit of the dinar since the 19th century. The Montenegrin perper was subdivided into 100 pare during its brief existence between 1906 and 1918. In Albania, the para was used as a currency before the introduction of the lek in 1926.

In Albanian, Kurdish, Greek, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Romanian, Serbian, Croatian and Turkish, para or its plural παράδες, pari, pare, parale, parai, paraja or paralar[what language is this?] is a generic term for money.


  1. ^ "Para - Define Para at". Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  2. ^ "para nedir, ne demek, para anlamı - Sesli Sözlük". Sesli Sözlük. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  3. ^ Pamuk, Şevket (2000). A monetary history of the Ottoman Empire. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 95–101, and map at 91. ISBN 0-511-00850-3. OCLC 52558565.