Paracale

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Paracale
Municipality of Paracale
Coastline of Paracale
Coastline of Paracale
Flag of Paracale
Nickname: 
Gold Town
Motto(s): 
Ako'y Paracaleño, yaman ko'y ginto nasa lupa nasa puso
Map of Camarines Norte with Paracale highlighted
Map of Camarines Norte with Paracale highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Paracale is located in Philippines
Paracale
Paracale
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°16′47″N 122°47′13″E / 14.2797°N 122.7869°E / 14.2797; 122.7869Coordinates: 14°16′47″N 122°47′13″E / 14.2797°N 122.7869°E / 14.2797; 122.7869
CountryPhilippines
RegionBicol Region
ProvinceCamarines Norte
District 1st district
Founded1611
Barangays27 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorRomeo Y. Moreno
 • Vice MayorBernadette E. Asutilla
 • RepresentativeJosefina B. Tallado
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate34,428 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total197.9 km2 (76.4 sq mi)
Elevation
23 m (75 ft)
Highest elevation
753 m (2,470 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total60,198
 • Density300/km2 (790/sq mi)
 • Households
13,096
Economy
 • Income class3rd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence37.61% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱206,670,456.91 (2020)
 • Assets₱385,712,001.91 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱173,727,402.90 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱95,453,034.95 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityCamarines Norte Electric Cooperative (CANORECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4605
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)54
Native languagesManide
Tagalog

Paracale, officially the Municipality of Paracale (Tagalog: Bayan ng Paracale), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Camarines Norte, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 60,198 people. [3]

Paracle’s economy is driven by agriculture and small scale, often informal gold mining and gold ore processing. Rice, corn, coconut and root crops and vegetables are the major agricultural products. Being a coastal community with a number of historical sites and providing boat access to Calaguas Group of Islands it also has some claim as a tourist destination.

History[edit]

Paracale was an active fishing and small scale mining community prior to the Spanish colonial period. In 1572, attracted by news of gold deposits, Juan de Salcedo petitioned to search for mines in the Bicol region.[5] Arriving by boat from the North, Salcedo’s expedition found mining operations at Paracale, but was forced to retreat due to sickness and lack of provisions. A more permanent settlement and mission post was established by Franciscan friars in 1581. It was established as a town in 1611. However, the mission was abandoned in 1634, reestablished by the Franciscans in 1638, but was abandoned again in 1662. In 1687, the Franciscan missionaries returned to their mission.

In 1863, Paracale was then formally established as a town. Seventeen years later, the Franciscans returned to Paracale to reestablish church administration.

Gold mining[edit]

The town's name was derived from para cale, meaning “canal digger.”

Small scale mining in Camarines Norte pre dates the Spanish colonial period, but the region came to prominence in 1626 when a sizable gold deposit was identified close to the current location of Paracale town. Spaniards employed local labour to extract gold-bearing gravel from adjacent rivers and streams, although mining operations were described as intermittent, small in scale and rarely profitable due to frequent flooding, in 1688 it was recorded that miners in Paracale were paid three reals per week plus food for extraction of gold ore.[6]

During the period of American colonial rule dredges were used to mine primary lode deposits.

Artisanal mining for gold still persists in many locations adjacent to the town. An ILO report published in 2017 estimated that about half the population of the town were engaged in small scale mining activities either as a financier, mine worker, processor or independent gold panner.[7] Compressor mining, a hazardous informal mining method where ore is extracted by divers in flooded, narrow shafts while breathing through an air tube connected to makeshift compressor, was banned in the Philippines in 2012. Nonetheless Parcale attracted significant attention in November 2013 when a collapse of informal mining operations on the beach led to the deaths of a number of compressor mining divers.[8] In 2021, the Philippine National Police sought the closure of all illegal mining activities in Camarines Norte as the components of improvised explosive devices used by NPA terrorists were established as coming from illegal mining sites in the area.[9]

Barangays[edit]

Paracale is politically subdivided into 27 barangays.

  • Awitan
  • Bagumbayan
  • Bakal
  • Batobalani
  • Calaburnay
  • Capacuan
  • Casalugan
  • Dagang
  • Dalnac
  • Dancalan
  • Gumaus
  • Labnig
  • Macolabo Island
  • Malacbang
  • Malaguit
  • Mampungo
  • Mangkasay
  • Maybato
  • Palanas
  • Pinagbirayan Malaki
  • Pinagbirayan Munti
  • Poblacion Norte
  • Poblacion Sur
  • Tabas
  • Talusan
  • Tawig
  • Tugos

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Paracale
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 3,864—    
1918 6,617+3.65%
1939 15,198+4.04%
1948 11,801−2.77%
1960 16,512+2.84%
1970 21,461+2.65%
1975 22,619+1.06%
1980 25,308+2.27%
1990 39,192+4.47%
1995 43,824+2.12%
2000 42,453−0.68%
2007 46,856+1.37%
2010 53,243+4.76%
2015 59,149+2.02%
2020 60,198+0.35%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[10][11][12][13]

In the 2020 census, the population of Paracale, Camarines Norte, was 60,198 people, [3] with a density of 300 inhabitants per square kilometre or 780 inhabitants per square mile.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Paracale, Camarines Norte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 85
(3.3)
55
(2.2)
53
(2.1)
47
(1.9)
112
(4.4)
156
(6.1)
213
(8.4)
159
(6.3)
201
(7.9)
216
(8.5)
197
(7.8)
141
(5.6)
1,635
(64.5)
Average rainy days 15.4 11.6 13.6 12.3 19.9 23.7 27.3 26.0 26.0 24.6 21.8 19.1 241.3
Source: Meteoblue[14]

Economy[edit]


Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation
Land transportation is the primary means of transporting people, goods and services from the barangay to the town proper of Paracale. The municipality is connected to its different barangays by the municipality's major roads, namely the Maharlika Highway.
Water supply
The barangays of the municipality are being served by levels I, II and III water supply. Other barangays are being served by shallow wells, deep wells or dug wells.
Power supply
Paracale is being served by electric power, formerly by the defunct Hidalgo Electric Enterprise, now by the National Power Corporation through the Camarines Norte Electric Cooperative (CANORECO). After the establishment of this cooperative, there was a great improvement in terms of power supply condition in the municipality.
Communication
Paracale has a telecommunication system that is being run by the Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC). There are two satellites of Smart, Globe. There is postal office and has a staff of one mail carriers serving all barangays in the municipality. These personnel cannot adequately serve the entire from the lack of personnel; another problem is the difficulty in the delivery of mails in the remote and far-flung barangays.
Mining companies
  • United Paragon Mining Corporation ( Not Operational)
  • Unidragon Mining and Development Corporation ( Not Operational due to Cease and desist order by MGB)
  • Baotong Mining Corporation (Not Operational due to Cease and desist order by MGB)
  • Konka Fulim Mining and Development Corp. (KFMDC) ( Not Operational)

Media[edit]

Paracale and its surrounding area is being served by a local community radio, Radyo Natin 102.5

Churches[edit]

  • Parroquia de Nuestra Señora de Candelaria, established in 1611, it is one of the first churches in Camarines Norte and was built by Franciscan Friars. The church features the canonically crowned miraculous image of Our Lady of Candelaria.
  • Parish of Saint Roch in Batobalani
  • Parish of San Roque in Tabas
  • Iglesia Ni Cristo
  • Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses
  • City Of Praise
  • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
  • Seventh Day Adventist
  • Ang Dating Daan
  • United Church of Christ in the Phils (UCCP)
  • Paracale Evangelical Church

Government[edit]

Municipal officials:

  • Mayor: Romeo Yebra Moreno
  • Vice Mayor: Bernadette Epino Asutilla
  • Councilors:
    • Edgar Madera Alcala
    • Amelia Ortiz Oco
    • Ricky dela Pena Manarang
    • Florevil Villacastin Oco
    • Eduardo Lanuza Palma
    • Nestor Palma Manarang
    • Darwin Pioquinto San Luis
    • Zaldy Enova Moya

Education[edit]

Public Elementary Schools[edit]

  • Paracale Central School hernando lucy principal 3
  • Tugos Elementary School arnel escalante principal 1
  • Alfonso Dasco Elementary School
  • Batobalani Elementary School
  • Macolabo Elementary School
  • Capacuan Elementary School
  • Dalnac Elementary School
  • Gumaus Elementary School
  • Calaburnay Elementary School
  • Tawig Elementary School
  • Pedro V. Moreno Elementary School
  • Bagumbayan Elementary School
  • Pinagbirayan Elementary School
  • Labnig Elementary School
  • M Era Elementary School
  • Dagang Elementary School Antonio R. Naing Jr - HT-III
  • Santa Catalina Elementary School
  • S. Basilio Elementary school
  • Awitan Elementary School
  • Igang Elementary School
  • Mampungo Elementary School
  • Dancalan Elementary School
  • Palanas Elementary School

Public Secondary Schools[edit]

  • Paracale National High School - Marlo Fiel P. Sultan, EdD., School Principal III
  • Batobalani National High School - Euginio Abanto, EdD., School Principal I
  • Tabas National High School - Pedro Talavera, School Principal I
  • Gumaus National High School - Joan M. Malaluan, Head Teacher II
  • Maximo Manarang High School - Ariel Balmeo, Head Teacher II

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipality of Paracale | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. ^ Newson, Linda (2009). Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-8248-6197-1.
  6. ^ Newson, Linda (2009). Conquest and Pestilence in the Early Spanish Philippines. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-8248-6197-1.
  7. ^ "Artisanal and small-scale gold mining baseline report: Camarines Norte and South Cotabato" (PDF). International Labour Organization. p. 29. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  8. ^ Paddock, Richard. "In the Philippines, workers toil among hazards in compressor mining". PBS News Hour. Center for Investigative Reporting. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  9. ^ Caliwan, Christopher. "PNP seeks closure of illegal mining sites in Camarines Norte". Philippine News Agency. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  10. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  11. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  13. ^ "Province of Camarines Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  14. ^ "Paracale, Camarines Norte: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  15. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.

External links[edit]