Parade's End (TV series)
|Based on||Novel by Ford Madox Ford|
|Written by||Tom Stoppard|
|Directed by||Susanna White|
|Country of origin||United Kingdom|
|No. of seasons||1|
|No. of episodes||5 (list of episodes)|
|Executive producer(s)||Michel Buck
|Running time||57–59 minutes (five part version)
46 minutes (six part version)
|Production company(s)||Mammoth Screen in association with HBO miniseries|
|Original release||24 August 2012BBC)
– 21 September 2012 (|
26 February 2013 – 28 February 2013 (HBO)
|HBO: Parade's End|
Parade's End is a five-part BBC/HBO/VRT television serial, which is an adaptation of the tetralogy of novels (1924-28) of the same name by Ford Madox Ford. It premiered on BBC Two on 24 August 2012 and on HBO on 26 February 2013. The series was also screened at the 39th Ghent Film Festival on 11 October 2012. Its five episodes were directed by Susanna White and written by Tom Stoppard. The cast was led by Benedict Cumberbatch and Rebecca Hall as Christopher and Sylvia Tietjens, along with Adelaide Clemens, Rupert Everett, Miranda Richardson, Anne-Marie Duff, Roger Allam, Janet McTeer, Freddie Fox, Jack Huston, and Steven Robertson.
The series received widespread critical acclaim and is often cited as "the highbrow Downton Abbey". In its BBC Two premiere, it attracted 3.5 million viewers, making it BBC Two's most watched drama since Rome aired in 2005. The miniseries received six BAFTA TV nominations including Best Actress for Rebecca Hall and five Primetime Emmy Award nominations including Best Adapted Screenplay for Tom Stoppard and Best Actor for Benedict Cumberbatch. It won Best Costume Design at the BAFTAs.
A love triangle develops between the old-fashioned Christopher Tietjens, his vindictive wife Sylvia and young women's suffragist Valentine Wannop, in the midst of World War I and a Europe on the brink of profound change. As the war drags on, Christopher goes to fight in France, and leaves behind Sylvia, a son who may or may not be his, and Valentine. He must ultimately decide whom he is to remain with for the duration of his life: the beautiful yet manipulative Sylvia or the adoring Valentine.
The series was conceived when Damien Timmer approached playwright Tom Stoppard to write the adaptation; after reading the novels, Stoppard agreed to pen the screenplay, this marking his return to television after a 30-year absence. Stoppard has stated that he had considered Benedict Cumberbatch for the role of Christopher Tietjens even before Sherlock made him a global star. Adelaide Clemens was cast as Valentine after arriving for her audition in period clothing. Initially producers were reluctant to cast an Australian actress, but were won over on finding that Clemens' father is a British national. A significant part of the film was shot on location in Kent at Dorton House and St. Thomas a Becket Church. Additional scenes were filmed at Freemasons' Hall in London and Duncombe Park. The rest of the series was filmed in Belgium, including Poeke Castle in the town of Aalter, utilising television drama tax breaks, with scenes at the Western Front recreated in Flanders.
Stoppard made changes from the original, such as excluding most of the fourth novel, streamlining the plot to focus on the love triangle, and adding overt sex scenes. The exclusion of the fourth novel is not original; it was also done in Graham Greene's 1963 edition of Parade's End and Ford himself sometimes referred to it as a trilogy. "He may have written the fourth to fulfill a contract or because he needed more money," said Michael Schmidt, the executor of Ford's literary estate.
- Benedict Cumberbatch as Christopher Tietjens
- Rebecca Hall as Sylvia Tietjens
- Adelaide Clemens as Valentine Wannop
- Miranda Richardson as Mrs Wannop, Valentine's widowed mother
- Freddie Fox as Edward Wannop, Valentine's younger brother
- Janet McTeer as Mrs Satterthwaite, Sylvia's mother
- Ned Dennehy as Father Consett
- Alan Howard as Tietjens Senior
- Rupert Everett as Mark Tietjens, Christopher's elder half-brother
- Misha Handley as Michael Tietjens (4 years old)
- Rudi Goodman as Michael Tietjens (8 years old)
- Stephen Graham as Vincent MacMaster
- Anne-Marie Duff as Edith Duchemin
- Rufus Sewell as Reverend Duchemin, Edith's husband
- Roger Allam as General Campion
- Patrick Kennedy as Captain McKechnie
- Steven Robertson as Colonel Bill Williams
- Lucinda Raikes as Evie, Sylvia's maid
- Jack Huston as Gerald Drake, former lover of Sylvia
- Tom Mison as Potty Perowne, involved in affair with Sylvia
- Jamie Parker as Lord Brownlie, frustrated admirer of Sylvia
- Anna Skellern as Bobbie Pelham, Sylvia's best friend
- Sasha Waddell as Lady Glorvina, mother of Bobbie Pelham
- Henry Lloyd-Hughes as Captain Notting
|#||Title||Directed by||Written by||Original air date||UK viewers (million)|
|1||"Episode One"||Susanna White||Tom Stoppard||24 August 2012||3.52|
|1908: civil servant Christopher Tietjens marries the pregnant Sylvia Satterthwaite, though the father is probably her married lover Gerald Drake, as Christopher's brother Mark points out. Four years on, Sylvia is an unloving mother, disdainful of her husband's liberal views and unfaithful with new admirer Potty Perowne. However, Christopher forgives her and has her back for their son's sake though her mother expresses her misgivings. Whilst playing golf with a reactionary M.P, he rescues suffragette Valentine Wannop, who is being pursued by the police. Along with his working class but talented writer friend Vincent MacMaster, Christopher is invited to a meal with Valentine's novelist mother and her friend Edith Duchemin, wife of a pedantic vicar whose eccentric behaviour brings Edith and Vincent closer. Christopher and Valentine also find themselves romantically drawn to each other during the summer solstice.|
|2||"Episode Two"||Susanna White||Tom Stoppard||31 August 2012||2.30|
|Sylvia returns to Christopher, largely for the financial security and attends his mother's funeral, where her showy appearance shocks the mourners. Realising she is reviled she retreats to a convent, but is soon back in society with another admirer. Suspicions arise that Valentine and Christopher are having an affair, after being seen at daybreak in a horse and carriage. Christopher develops a friendship with the Wannops, giving Mrs Wannop information about the Balkan situation for her writing,and sending Valentine a Christmas card. Vincent starts to make his name as a writer too and, as her husband gets stranger, Edith leaves him to live with Vincent. She becomes pregnant and has an abortion after seeking advice from Valentine, who envies her having love in her life. As the Great War breaks out, the Wannops are pilloried for their pacifist stance. Christopher quits his job in disgust after being ordered to manipulate military statistics to bolster support for the war. He runs into Valentine at a party, sadly proclaiming he cannot have her, and leaves to fight in the trenches.|
|3||"Episode Three"||Susanna White||Tom Stoppard||7 September 2012||2.15|
|Despite receiving a white feather for cowardice, Vincent becomes a very influential author and marries Edith after Duchemin kills himself. They are the subject of gossip and scandal which also, erroneously, involves Christopher, who is wounded and shell-shocked in a French hospital. Sylvia entertains yet another admirer, her husband's banker Brownlie, but defends Christopher against his malicious gossip. Christopher returns home, but Sylvia's erstwhile German sympathies and past indiscretions, plus the effect of Brownlie's invidious actions as he refuses to accept Christopher's cheques, does not make them the most popular of society couples. Tietjens' father is so devastated by the gossip that he shoots himself after an afternoon of hunting. Angered by this, Christopher refuses to take any of the money he has left over. Despite the scandal, Christopher and Sylvia attend a soirée at the MacMasters, where Christopher re-encounters Valentine, now working as a teacher. Aware that he is also supposed to have taken Valentine as a mistress, Christopher decides that he may as well put it to the test. He visits her, but plans of consummating their relationship are thwarted when Edward, Valentine's brother, returns home on leave from the Navy. Before Christopher goes back to the war in France, Valentine tells him that she will wait for him.|
|4||"Episode Four"||Susanna White||Tom Stoppard||14 September 2012||1.70|
|Christopher is in Rouen with his godfather General Campion and the unbalanced McKechnie, his job being to kit out fresh troops for the front. He commands firmly that the men are to be humanly treated and that the horses are properly cared for, which brings him into conflict with his unfeeling superiors, such as General O'Hara. Sylvia arrives in Rouen and greets Christopher in his hotel room. She swears to Christopher that she has been faithful to him and asks his permission to move, with their son Michael, into the Tietjens family home, in Groby. As ever, he cannot refuse her. That night, Potty Perowne visits Sylvia's room and Christopher violently pushes him out. O'Hara arrives on the scene and accuses Sylvia of being a whore after seeing Perowne. Christopher then angrily accuses O'Hara of drunkenness and the general has him arrested. To spare Christopher further scandal, Campion makes him a second-in-command with a fighting battalion near the front. As Campion bids Christopher farewell, he tells him that there is proof of Sylvia's affair with Perowne, despite her assurance to the contrary.|
|5||"Episode Five"||Susanna White||Tom Stoppard||21 September 2012||1.77|
|1917: Christopher, McKechnie, and Perowne have all been sent to fight in the trenches, surrounded by carnage and madness. Perowne dies in the trenches. When Bill, the commanding officer, suffers a nervous breakdown, Christopher replaces him. Back home, Valentine, whilst advocating that her fellow teachers read Marie Stopes' 'Married Love', shocks her mother by admitting that she would gladly be Christopher's mistress. Meanwhile, Sylvia meets Gerald Drake again, home on leave, and once more has sex with him. As the war ends, Christopher returns to Groby, only to discover that the beloved family tree has been chopped down on Sylvia's orders. When he goes up to her room to confront her, she falsely claims to be terminally ill. This is the last straw for Christopher, and he finally leaves her. To mark the end of the war, and an era, he celebrates with Valentine and his old army comrades.|
Six episode version
In some markets, such as France, the series was broadcast and released on DVD in six episodes instead of five. There is however no difference in content between the two versions. Indeed, the episodes in the six-part version have an episode length of approximately 46 minutes each, instead of the 57 to 59 minutes of the five-part version.
The series has received widespread acclaim from British critics with The Independent's Grace Dent going so far as to proclaim it "one of the finest things the BBC has ever made". Others praised Cumberbatch and Hall in the lead roles, Cumberbatch for his ability to express suppressed pain with The Independent's Gerard Gilbert saying "Perhaps no other actor of his generation is quite so capable of suggesting the tumult beneath a crusty, seemingly inert surface" and The Arts Desk's Emma Dibdin finding "Cumberbatch's performance... faultless and often achingly moving, a painful juxtaposition of emotional stiffness and deep, crippling vulnerability". Hall's Sylvia was lauded as "one of the great female characters of the past decade" by Caitlin Moran, who also wrote that "the script and direction have genius-level IQ" in her Times TV column.
Parade's End attracted 3.5 million viewers for its first episode, making it BBC2's most watched drama since Rome aired in 2005. The second episode had a drop in ratings with 2.2 million viewers. A few viewers found the sound mixing problematic, with dialogue difficult to hear and understand.
The miniseries received generally favourable reviews from American and Canadian television critics for its HBO broadcast, according to Metacritic. Writing for Roger Ebert's Chicago Sun-Times column, Jeff Shannon wrote that the miniseries has "up-scale directing" and "award-worthy performances" while Brad Oswald of the Winnipeg Free Press called it "a television masterpiece".
Awards and nominations
Parade's End has been nominated for numerous awards since its original broadcast. Both Benedict Cumberbatch and Rebecca Hall won the Broadcasting Press Guild awards for Best Actor and Actress respectively, while Tom Stoppard picked up the Writer's Award and the series itself won Best Drama Series.
The miniseries received six BAFTA TV nominations including Best Actress for Rebecca Hall and five Primetime Emmy Award nominations including Best Adapted Screenplay for Tom Stoppard and Best Actor for Benedict Cumberbatch. It won Best Costume Design at the BAFTAs.
|Primetime Emmy Awards||Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or Movie||Benedict Cumberbatch||Nominated|
|Outstanding Writing for a Miniseries, Movie, or Dramatic Special||Tom Stoppard||Nominated|
|BAFTA Television Awards||Best Leading Actress||Rebecca Hall||Nominated|
|Best Mini-Series||Tom Stoppard, Susanna White, David Parfitt, and Damien Timmer||Nominated|
|Best Costume Design||Sheena Napier||Won|
|Best Make-up & Hair Design||Jan Archibald||Nominated|
|Best Production Design||Martin Childs||Nominated|
|Best Visual Effects and Graphic Design||Rupert Ray||Nominated|
|Best Writer – Drama||Tom Stoppard||Nominated|
|Biarritz International Festival of Audiovisual Programming||Best TV Series or Serial||Nominated|
|Best Screenplay||Tom Stoppard||Won|
|British Society of Cinematographers||Best Cinematography in a Television Drama||Mike Eley||Nominated|
|Broadcasting Press Guild Awards||Best Actor||Benedict Cumberbatch||Won|
|Best Actress||Rebecca Hall||Won|
|Best Drama Series/Serial||Won|
|Writer's Award||Tom Stoppard||Won|
|Broadcast Awards||Best Drama Series or Serial||Nominated|
|Critics' Choice Television Awards||Best Actor in a TV Movie/Mini-Series||Benedict Cumberbatch||Nominated|
|Best Actress in a TV Movie/Mini-Series||Rebecca Hall||Nominated|
|Royal Television Society Awards||Best Drama Serial||Nominated|
|Best Production Design – Drama||Martin Childs||Nominated|
|Best Graphic Design – Titles||Rupert Ray||Won|
|South Bank Sky Arts Awards||Best TV Drama||Won|
|International Press Academy||Actor in a Miniseries or a Motion Picture Made for Television||Benedict Cumberbatch||Nominated|
BBC Books produced a tie-in edition of Parade's End with Cumberbatch, Hall and Clemens on the cover. It was made available in the UK on 16 August 2012.
DVD and Blu-ray copies of the series were released by the BBC on 8 October 2012. They include behind the scenes footage and selected interviews with crew and cast members.
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- Conlan, Tara (19 September 2011). "Rupert Everett and Miranda Richardson join BBC2 Stoppard drama". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 3 October 2011.
- Goodman, Tim. "Parade's End: TV Review". The Hollywood Reporter.
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- "Quotes from Empire Magazine article on Parade's End". CumberbatchWeb.Tumblr.com. 26 July 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
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- Kent Film Office. "Kent Film Office Parade's End Article".
- Whitlock, Cathy (February 2013). "Tour the Glamorous Sets of Parade's End". Architectural Digest. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "George Osborne plans TV drama tax breaks". BBC News. 16 March 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
- Alter, Alexandra (21 February 2013). "TV's Novel Challenge: Literature on the Screen". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- "Weekly Viewing Summary (see relevant week)". BARB.
- Grace Dent (9 September 2012). "Grace Dent on Television: Parade's End, BBC2". The Independent (London). Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- Gerard Gilbert (25 August 2012). "First Night: Parade’s End, BBC2". The Independent (London). Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- Dibdin, Emma (22 September 2012). "Parade's End, Series Finale, BBC Two". The Arts Desk. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- "Parade's End – TWoP Forums – Page 3". Forums.TelevisionwithoutPity.com. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- Bryant, Ben (28 August 2012). "Parade's End gives BBC2 biggest drama ratings hit in seven years". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 28 September 2012.
- Deans, Jason (3 September 2012). "Parade's End marches on but loses out in battle for Friday night ratings". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 28 September 2012.
- "Benedict Cumberbatch Drama 'Parade's End' Gets Praise, But Complaints About Inaudible Dialogue". The Huffington Post (UK edition). 27 August 2012. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- "Parade's End Movie Review". Chicago Sun-Times.
- "Cumberbatch brilliant in Brit period miniseries". Winnipeg Free Press.
- "Parade's End". Faber.co.uk. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- Harvey, Chris (9 April 2013). "Bafta TV nominations are a mix of the snubbed and the overpraised". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- "Sherlockology, The BBC Books tie-in edition of the original novel". Sherlockology.Tumblr.com. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- "'Parade's End' Soundtrack Details". Film Music Reporter. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- "Parade's End [Blu-ray]: Amazon.co.uk: Benedict Cumberbatch, Rebecca Hall, Roger Allam, Adelaide Clemens, Anne-Marie Duff, Rupert Everett, Stephen Graham, Janet McTeer, Miranda Richardson, Rufus Sewell, Susanna White, David Parfitt, Selwyn Roberts, Tom Stoppard, Ford Madox Ford: Film & TV". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 23 December 2012.
- Official BBC website
- Parade's End at the Internet Movie Database
- Emma John (4 September 2011). "Benedict Cumberbatch interview: On the couch with Mr Cumberbatch". The Observer (London).