Jagannath temple at Paradeep
|Elevation||1 m (3 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
During early 17th century, Paradip and its adjoining areas were connected with Cuttack through river Mahanadi and its branches. Transportation of goods from rural areas to Cuttack was done through waterways via Dhamara and Pattamundai. But slowly this discontinued due to silting of the river bed. In 1819, the British constructed a sort of a harbour at north of the present Paradip site the then called False Point. In 1862, the East India Irrigation Company explored the potential of Paradip for transportation of rice from the area. The importance of Paradip grew more during the great famine of 1866, when it was used as the main entry point for import of food materials to the famine struck area.
During early post-independent period, a minor port came into existence at Paradip in 1958 through the efforts of the State Government. Subsequently, the Government decided to construct a major port there. The foundation stone for Paradip Port was laid by late Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India on 3 January 1962. On completion in 1965, the port was taken over by the Government of India from the State Government on 1 June 1965 and port was declared open on 12 March 1966. Paradip Port was declared as the 8th major port of India and the first major deep sea port in the east coast commissioned after independence. The Paradip Port Trust came into being in 1967 for development and management of the Port.
Paradip is located at  It has an average elevation of 1 m (3.3 ft)..
The Port of Paradip founded by Raghavendra, is the primary port in Odisha, and one of the largest on India's east coast. The port handled over 57 million tonnes of cargo in 2009-2010. Thermal coal and iron ore are major commodities that transit the port. Located on the Bay of Bengal at a latitude 20° 55.44' N and a longitude 86°34.62' E, the port is built on an artificial harbour with ships accessing the port via manmade lagoons. Former Chief Minister of Odisha Biju Patnaik, an aviator and a freedom fighter, spearheaded the port's establishment.
55,000 m2 of concrete paved area near the berth. Storage area secured & protected. Capacity to store about 1000 TEUs (20 ft).
One Mobile crane of 75MT capacity (Port). Two 50 MT mobile cranes & one 20 MT forklift (private). Adequate trailers to handle TEUs and FEUs (private).
Berthing priority for container vessels. Hence, nil waiting 50% Concession in both vessel & cargo related charges for container vessels. Harbor Mobile cranes at berths to handle containers. In house stuffing / destuffing facility. Siding facility for Rail handling of containers, one RO-RO jetty, single point mooring
2010-11 Import of 1084 empty TEUs. Export of 2443 TEUs laden container with 61361ton.
- Paradeep Phosphates Limited, a fertilizer company height
- Paradeep Plastic Park Limited
- IFFCO- Fertilizer Plant
- Essar Steel's Pellet plant
- Indian Oil marketing terminal
- Bharat Petroleum Corp. Ltd. - marketing terminal
- Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Ltd. - marketing terminal.
- Cargill's edible oil plant
- Indian Oil Corporation Limited IOCL
- Skol Breweries Ltd, ( Unit- East Coast Brewery)
Paradip is emerging as a major industrial hub with several upcoming steel plants including a US$12 billion plant being developed by POSCO of South Korea. In addition, alumina refineries, thermal power plants, and a petrochemical complex are under development.
Paradip has been identified for development as one of the six major petroleum, chemicals and petrochemical investment regions (PCPIRs) in India, along the lines of Pudong in China, Rotterdam in Europe and Houston in North America. The Paradip PCPIR has identified an investment potential of US $68.84 billion, spread over 284 square kilometres (110 sq mi) in the area.
As of 2001[update] India census, As of 2001, Paradip had a population of 73,633. Males constituted 58% of the population and females 42%, due to rapid migration of young industrial workers to the area. Paradip has an average literacy rate of 73%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 65%. 12% of the population is under 6 years of age.In 2009, the population of this town was estimated at 150,000.
The rapid growth is attributed to the migration of workers following the expansion of the port, and establishment of major projects, like Indian Oil's Paradip Refinery.
- Panda, Satyananda (2006). Paradip in Past and Present. Rashmirekha Panda. ISBN 8186790578.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Paradip
- Paradip Port Trust website
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Paradip travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Port of Paradip
- At Hannover, India’s big infrastructure idea: Special Economic Regions