Paradip Port Authority

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Paradip Port Authority (PPA)
Paradip Mega Port
LocationParadip, Jagatsinghpur district, Odisha, India
Coordinates20°15′55.44″N 86°40′34.62″E / 20.2654000°N 86.6762833°E / 20.2654000; 86.6762833
Opened12 March 1966 (1966-03-12)
Operated byParadip Port Authority (PPA)
Owned byGovernment of India
Type of harbourArtificial Harbor
No. of berths20
ChairmanP.L. Haranadh, IRTS[1][2]
Annual cargo tonnage400 million metric tons (440×10^6 short tons) (coastal and foreign, 2020-21)[3]
Paradip Port Authority Administrative Building, Odisha, India

Paradip Port is a natural, deep-water port on the East coast of India in Paradip, just 53 km (33 mi) from Jagatsinghpur city in Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha, India. It is at the confluence of the Mahanadi river and the Bay of Bengal, 210 nmi (390 km; 240 mi) south of Kolkata and 260 nmi (480 km; 300 mi) north of Visakhapatnam.

The port is administered by the Paradip Port Authority (PPA)(formerly Paradip Port Trust), an autonomous corporation wholly owned by the Government of India.[4]


Paradip is one of the major ports of India and the only major port in Odisha. Biju Patnaik, the then Chief Minister of Odisha, is the founding father of Paradip Port. It is situated 210 nautical miles south of Kolkata and 260 nautical miles north of Vishakhapatnam on the east coast on the shore of Bay of Bengal.[5]

Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, laid the foundation stone of the port on 3 January 1962 near the confluence of the river Mahanadi and the Bay of Bengal.[6]

Government of India took over the management of the port from the Government of Odisha on 1 June 1965. Maiden berthing was by INS Investigator on 12 March 1966. The port was declared open by Peter Stambolic, the Prime Minister of Yugoslavia on the same day.[7][8] Government of India declared Paradip Port as the eighth major port of India on 18 April 1966 making it the first major port in the East Coast commissioned after independence.

The Port of Paradip, an autonomous body under the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963 functioning under Ministry of Shipping is administered by a board of trustees set up by the Government of India headed by the chairman. The Trustees of the Trust Board are nominated by Government of India from various users of the port such as shippers, ship owners, Government Departments concerned and also port labour. The day-to-day administration is carried out under general supervision and control of the chairman, assisted by the Deputy Chairman and other departmental heads.[9]


The port is connected with Broad-gauge electrified Railway system for the East-Coast Railway and is also served by National Highway 53 and State Highway No.12. Port is well connected with Cuttack and Bhubaneswar with bus & train both the services.[10]

Paradeep Railway station

The port is also connected by bus routes to the steel city of Rourkela, Kolkata and to the holy town of Puri & Konark.

The port is connected through lease line and broadband to other Ports, Ministry and IPA. Reliance, BSNL, Airtel, TATA Indicom etc. have cellular services at Paradip Port. 4G network facility is available in Paradip Port town.

Business facilities[edit]

Port harbor[edit]

The port of Paradip has an artificial lagoon type harbour protected by two rubble mound "Break Waters" and approached by the dredged channel. The North Break Water is 538 m long on the North-Eastern side of the port and the South Break Water is 1217 m long on the South-Eastern side.[11]

Paradip Lighthouse

The position of the Channels inside the harbour is as under:

Approach channel 10.00 km (6.21 mi) long
300.00 m (984.25 ft) wide
18.70 m (61.4 ft) deep
Entrance channel 2,000.00 m (6,561.68 ft) long
240.00 m (787.40 ft) wide
17.10 m (56.1 ft) deep
Turning Basin 520.00 m (1,706.04 ft) diameter
17.10 m (56.1 ft) deep
Paradip Port

Pilotage and towage facilities[edit]

The Pilotage is compulsory for all vessels above 200 MTs Gross Tonnage. The Pilotage service is available to all vessels during 24 hours and 365 days. The Pilot Boarding ground is about 3 miles (4.8 km) SE of Breakwaters. All the vessels have to inform their ETA prior to entering the port Limits to the port Signal Station on VHF Channel: 16 / 06. The port has 3 Nos. Tugs having BP more than 35 Tons and 2 Nos. of port Tugs having BP more than 50 Tons. All the tugs are fitted with fire fighting equipment for external general and oil fire. The port is having 3 Nos. Pilot Launches having speed more than 10 knots, 02 Nos. pilot lunches having speed of 7 knots and 02 Nos. Mooring Boats are also available for passing the Mooring Lines to the Berth / Jetty.

Marine pollution's control and reception facilities[edit]

The port Complies to all the Regulations of MARPOL 73/78 and has a Pollution Control Cell to monitor the Pollution in the Harbour. The port has a Pollution Control Vessel with a Skimmer, chemical dispersant spray system and Oil Containment Boom. The port also has a 300 T Oil Reception Barge. The port has engaged security cum pollution response vessel with all required pollution response equipment & the same is installed at SPM area. The port has engaged private firms having permission from Central Pollution Control Board and State Pollution Control Board to receive waste / used / oily water from the vessels for re-processing / re-cycling as required by MARPOL 73/78 Annexure-I. The port has also engaged private firms to collect garbage from the vessels in Port as required by MARPOL 73/78 Annexure-V. The reception facilities for other annexures of MARPOL 73/78 can be arranged by advance notice given by ship owners / local agents.

Fresh water services[edit]

Adequate fresh water supply services rendered to all vessels at berth through shore connection. All self-propelled fresh water barge is available to supply freshwater up to 350 MT at berth and at anchorage.

Storage facilities[edit]

Warehouse Area sq. m (sq. ft) Capacity (in MT)
Warehouse No. I 1,700 (18,000) 140 (1,500)
Warehouse No.II 6,000 (65,000) 14,000 (150,000)
TOTAL 7,700 (83,000) 18000
Open stack yards Area sq. m (sq. ft)
Rail sidings 88,200 (949,000)
Mechanical Ore 105,000 (1,130,000)
Mechanical MCHP 122,200 (1,315,000)
Without siding 745,000 (8,020,000)
Covered 9,111 (98,070)
Concreted 101,000 (1,090,000)
Others 93,915 (1,010,890)
TOTAL 1,998,426 (21,510,880)

Container handling facilities[edit]

The port handles containers in a limited manner with cargo support from NALCO, Marine Products Exporters, TISCO, JSL and others. The port has 1000 TEU capacity container yard served with two railway sidings and 15 reefer plug points. One 75 MT and Two 20 MT mobile cranes, two spreaders (40 feet & 20 feet) are available in the port to facilitate for container handling. These equipment are duly supported by 2 (two) Reach stacker & other container handling equipment from private source.

  • Berthing priority for container vessels. Hence, nil waiting.
  • 50% Concession in both vessel & cargo related charges for container vessels.
  • Harbour Mobile cranes at berths to handle containers.
  • In-house stuffing / de-stuffing facility.
  • Siding facility for Rail handling of containers.

Storage area[edit]

  • 55,000 m2 (590,000 sq ft) of concrete paved area near the berth.
  • Storage area secured & protected.
  • Capacity to store about 1000 TEUs (20 ft).

Equipment available[edit]

  • One Mobile crane of 75MT capacity (Port).
  • Two 50 MT mobile cranes & one 20 MT forklift (private).
  • Adequate trailers to handle TEUs and FEUs (private).

Dry dock / Repairing facilities[edit]

The port has a 500 Ton slipway along with workshop for repair and maintenance of Port crafts and barges. A Wet Basin for Port crafts is available close to the Slipway.

The dry dock is 75 m (246 ft) in length, 15 m (49 ft) in width, and 11 m (36 ft) in depth has been constructed at this port to facilitate repairing of crafts. Vessels of −5.5 m (−18 ft) draft can be repaired at Paradip.

Port railways[edit]

The port has its own railway system. The route length is 7.4 km (4.6 mi) and track length of 84 km (52 mi). The port is equipped with 7 nos. of locomotives to undertake railway operations which is supported by two locomotives on hire from RITES. The port has one of the finest connectivity to the Indian Railways through East Coast Railways for seamless cargo movement by rail.

1400 BHP 04 (DLW-WDS-6)
1350 BHP 02 (DLW- WDS-6A/D)
3100 BHP 01 (DLW-WDG-3A)
1175 BHP 02 (WDS6) On hire basis

Electronic data interchange (EDI)[edit]

The port has introduced EDI facility to all its port users for all payments made to the port. The concept is to connect the port users, the bank and the port for faster and easier transfer of funds. Port users are also submitting their documents to port electronically through PCS (Port Community System).


  • Mechanised Coal Handling Plant[12]
  • Iron Ore Handling Plant
  • General Cargo Berth
  • Oil Jetty
  • Captive Berths
  • BOT Berths
  • RO-RO Jetty
  • Container Handling
  • Cargo Handling Equipments
  • Port Railways
  • Storage


  1. ^ "P L Haranadh takes over as Chairman of Paradip Port Trust". Odisha Diary. 7 October 2021. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  2. ^ "Paradip port handles highest volume of cargo in country during first quarter". Telangana Today. 4 July 2020. Retrieved 12 July 2020. Overcoming the hurdles caused by the COVID-19 outbreak, the port has handled 25.73 million tonnes of cargo during the April to June quarter of 2020-21 financial year, Paradip Port Trust (PPT) Chairman Rinkesh Roy said.
  3. ^ "Monthly Traffic". Paradip Port Trust. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
  4. ^ "About Us". Paradip Port Trust. Archived from the original on 15 April 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Port History".
  6. ^ Batra, S. (1970). The Major Ports of India. Kandla Commercial Publications. p. 10. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  7. ^ Sahai, B. (1986). The Ports of India. Publication Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting Government of India. p. 121. ISBN 978-81-230-2343-4. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  8. ^ Ray, A. (1999). Maritime India: Ports and Shipping. Munshiram Manoharlal. p. 254. ISBN 978-81-215-0691-5. Retrieved 12 July 2020. ...Petar Stambolic, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, inaugurates the Port to traffic as INS "INVESTIGATOR" moves into the harbour and berths at the iron-ore...
  9. ^ "Port History". Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  10. ^ "Location".
  11. ^ "Business Facilities".
  12. ^ "Infrastructures of Paradip Port Trust".

Further reading[edit]