Paradip Port

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Paradip Port Trust (PPT)
Paradip Port.jpg
Country India
LocationParadip, Odisha
Coordinates20°15′55.44″N 86°40′34.62″E / 20.2654000°N 86.6762833°E / 20.2654000; 86.6762833
Opened12 March 1966 (1966-03-12)
Operated byParadip Port Trust (PPT)
Owned byGovernment of India
Available berths20
ChairmanRinkesh Roy[1]
Annual cargo tonnage112.67 million tons (2019-20)[2]

Paradip Port is a natural, deep-water port on the East coast of India in Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha. It is situated at confluence of the Mahanadi river and the Bay of Bengal. It is situated 210 nautical miles south of Kolkata and 260 nautical miles north of Visakhapatnam.

The port is administered by the Paradip Port Trust (PPT), an autonomous corporation wholly owned by the Government of India.[3]


Paradip is one of the Major Ports of India. Late Biju Patnaik, the then Chief Minister of Odisha, is the founding father of Paradip Port. It is the only Major Port in the State of Odisha situated 210 nautical miles south of Kolkata and 260 nautical miles north of Visakhapatnam on the east coast on the shore of Bay of Bengal.

Paradip Port Foundation Stone Laying by Jawaharlal Nehru

Late Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, laid the foundation stone of the Port on 3 January 1962 near the Confluence of the river Mahanadi and the Bay of Bengal.[5]

Government of India took over the management of the Port from the Government of Odisha on 1 June 1965. INS "Investigator" had the privilege of maiden berthing in the Port on 12 March 1966. The Port was declared open by Late Peter Stambolic, the then Prime Minister of Yugoslavia on the same day.[6][7]

Paradip Port Inaguration by P.M. of Yugoslavia

Government of India declared Paradip Port as the Eighth Major Port of India on 18 April 1966 making it the FIRST MAJOR PORT in the East Coast commissioned after independence.

The Port of Paradip, an autonomous body under the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963 functioning under Ministry of Shipping is administered by a Board of Trustees set up by the Government of India headed by the Chairman. The Trustees of the Trust Board are nominated by Government of India from various users of the Port such as shippers, ship owners, Government Departments concerned and also port labour. The day-to-day administration is carried out under general supervision and control of the Chairman, assisted by the Deputy Chairman and other departmental heads.[8][1]


Paradip port is strategically situated at mid-point between 210 nautical miles south of Kolkata and 260 nautical miles north of Visakhapatnam.

Latitude      20° - 15' - 55.44" N

Longitude   86° - 40' - 27.34" E[10]

Connectivity [11][edit]

The Port is connected with Broad-gauge electrified Railway system of the East-Coast Railway and is also served by National Highway No.5A and State Highway No.12. Port is well connected with Cuttack and Bhubaneswar with bus & train services.

The Port is also connected by bus routes to the steel city of Rourkela, Kolkata and to the holy town of Puri & Konark.

The Port is connected through lease line and broadband to other Ports, Ministry and IPA. Reliance, BSNL, Airtel, TATA Indicom etc. have cellular services at Paradip Port. 4G network facility is available in Paradip Port town.

Business Facilities [12][edit]

Port Harbour[edit]

The Port of Paradip has an artificial lagoon type harbour protected by 2 (two) rubble mound "Break Waters" and approached by the dredged channel. The North Break Water is 538 m long on the North-Eastern side of the Port and the South Break Water is 1217 m long on the South-Eastern side.

Paradip Lighthouse

The position of the Channels inside the harbour is as under:

Approach Channel 10.00 km      Long

300.00 m   Wide

18.70 m     Deep

Entrance Channel 2000.00 m Long

240.00 m   Wide

17.10 m     Deep

Turning Basin 520.00 m   Diameter

17.10 m      Deep

Pilotage & Towage Facilities[edit]

The Pilotage is compulsory for all vessels above 200 MTs Gross Tonnage. The Pilotage service is available to all vessels during 24 hours and 365 days. The Pilot Boarding ground is about 3 miles SE of Breakwaters. All the vessels have to inform their ETA prior to entering the Port Limits to the Port Signal Station on VHF Channel: 16 / 06. The Port has 3 Nos. Tugs having BP more than 35 Tons and 2 Nos. of port Tugs having BP more than 50 Tons. All the tugs are fitted with fire fighting equipment for external general and oil fire. The Port is having 3 Nos. Pilot Launches having speed more than 10 knots, 02 Nos. pilot lunches having speed of 7 knots and 02 Nos. Mooring Boats are also available for passing the Mooring Lines to the Berth / Jetty.

Marine Pollution's Control & Reception Facilities[edit]

The Port Complies to all the Regulations of MARPOL 73/78 and has a Pollution Control Cell to monitor the Pollution in the Harbour. The Port has a Pollution Control Vessel with a Skimmer, chemical dispersant spray system and Oil Containment Boom. The Port also has a 300 T Oil Reception Barge. The port has engaged security cum pollution response vessel with all required pollution response equipment & the same is installed at SPM area. The Port has engaged private firms having permission from Central Pollution Control Board and State Pollution Control Board to receive waste / used / oily water from the vessels for re-processing / re-cycling as required by MARPOL 73/78 Annexure-I. The Port has also engaged private firms to collect garbage from the vessels in Port as required by MARPOL 73/78 Annexure-V. The reception facilities for other annexures of MARPOL 73/78 can be arranged by advance notice given by ship owners / local agents.

Fresh Water Services[edit]

Adequate fresh water supply services rendered to all vessels at berth through shore connection. All self-propelled fresh water barge is available to supply freshwater up to 350 MT at berth and at anchorage.

Storage Facilities[edit]

WARE HOUSE AREA (Sq. m) Capacity ( in MT)
Ware House No. I 1700 4000
Ware House No.II 6000 14000
TOTAL 7700 18000
Rail Sidings 8,22,200
Mechanical Ore 1,05,000
Mechanical MCHP 1,22,200
Without Siding 7,45,000
Covered 9,111
Concreted 1,01,000
Others 93,915
TOTAL 19,98,426

Container Handling Facilities[edit]

The Port handles containers in a limited manner with cargo support from NALCO, Marine Products Exporters, TISCO, JSL and others. The Port has 1000 TEU capacity container yard served with two railway sidings and 15 reefer plug points. One 75 MT and Two 20 MT mobile cranes, two spreaders (40 feet & 20 feet) are available in the Port to facilitate for container handling. These equipment are duly supported by 2 (two) Reach stacker & other container handling equipment from private source.

  • Berthing priority for container vessels. Hence, nil waiting.
  • 50% Concession in both vessel & cargo related charges for container vessels.
  • Harbour Mobile cranes at berths to handle containers.
  • In-house stuffing / de-stuffing facility.
  • Siding facility for Rail handling of containers.

Storage Area[edit]

  • 55000sq. m of concrete paved area near the berth.
  • Storage area secured & protected.
  • Capacity to store about 1000 TEUs (20 ft).

Equipment Available[edit]

  • One Mobile crane of 75MT capacity (Port).
  • Two 50 MT mobile cranes & one 20 MT forklift (private).
  • Adequate trailers to handle TEUs and FEUs (private).

Dry Dock / Repairing Facilities[edit]

The Port has a 500 Ton slipway along with workshop for repair and maintenance of Port crafts and barges. A Wet Basin for Port crafts is available close to the Slipway.

The dry dock of dimension 75 m length, 15 m width and 11 m depth has been constructed at this port to facilitate repairing of crafts. Vessels of (-5.5) m draft can be repaired at Paradip.

Port Railways[edit]

The Port has its own railway system. The route length is 7.4 km and track length of 84 km. The Port is equipped with 7 nos. of locomotives to undertake railway operations which is supported by 2 locomotives on hire from RITES. The Port has one of the finest connectivity to the Indian Railways through East Coast Railways for seamless cargo movement by rail.

1400 BHP 04 (DLW-WDS-6)
1350 BHP 02 (DLW- WDS-6A/D)
3100 BHP 01 (DLW-WDG-3A)
1175 BHP 02 (WDS6) On hire basis

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)[edit]

The Port has introduced EDI facility to all its port users for all payments made to the port. The concept is to connect the port users, the bank and the port for faster and easier transfer of funds. Port users are also submitting their documents to port electronically through PCS (Port Community System).

Infrastructures [13][edit]

  • Mechanised Coal Handling Plant
  • Iron Ore Handling Plant
  • General Cargo Berth
  • Oil Jetty
  • Captive Berths
  • BOT Berths
  • RO-RO Jetty
  • Container Handling
  • Cargo Handling Equipments
  • Port Railways
  • Storage


  1. ^ "Paradip port handles highest volume of cargo in country during first quarter". Telangana Today. 4 July 2020. Retrieved 12 July 2020. Overcoming the hurdles caused by the COVID-19 outbreak, the port has handled 25.73 million tonnes of cargo during the April to June quarter of 2020-21 financial year, Paradip Port Trust (PPT) Chairman Rinkesh Roy said.
  2. ^ "Cargo volumes at major ports up 0.8% to 704.63 mt in FY20".
  3. ^ "About Us". Paradip Port Trust. Archived from the original on 15 April 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  4. ^ "Port History".
  5. ^ Batra, S. (1970). The Major Ports of India. Kandla Commercial Publications. p. 10. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  6. ^ Sahai, B. (1986). The Ports of India. Publication Division Ministry of Information & Broadcasting Government of India. p. 121. ISBN 978-81-230-2343-4. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  7. ^ Ray, A. (1999). Maritime India: Ports and Shipping. Munshiram Manoharlal. p. 254. ISBN 978-81-215-0691-5. Retrieved 12 July 2020. ...Petar Stambolic, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia, inaugurates the Port to traffic as INS "INVESTIGATOR" moves into the harbour and berths at the iron-ore...
  8. ^ "Port History". Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Location".
  10. ^ "Know Your Port".
  11. ^ "Location".
  12. ^ "Business Facilities".
  13. ^ "Infrastructures of Paradip Port Trust".