Paradip Port

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Paradip Port Trust (PPT)
Country India
LocationParadip, Odisha
Coordinates20°15′55.44″N 86°40′34.62″E / 20.2654000°N 86.6762833°E / 20.2654000; 86.6762833
Opened12 March 1966 (1966-03-12)
Operated byParadip Port Trust (PPT)
Owned byGovernment of India
Available berths20
Annual cargo tonnage102.01 million tons (2017-18)[1]

Paradip Port(Odia: ପାରାଦୀପ ବନ୍ଦର) is a natural, deep-water port on the East coast of India in Jagatsinghpur district of Odisha. It is situated at confluence of the Mahanadi river and the Bay of Bengal. It is situated 210 nautical miles south of Kolkata and 260 nautical miles north of Visakhapatnam.

The port is administered by the Paradip Port Trust (PPT), an autonomous corporation wholly owned by the Government of India.[2]


Paradip is one of the Major Ports of India. Late Biju Patnaik, the then Chief Minister of Odisha, is the founder father of Paradip Port. It is the only Major Port in the State of Odisha situated 210 nautical miles south of Kolkata and 260 nautical miles north of Visakhapatnam on the east coast on the shore of Bay of Bengal.

Late Jawaharlal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India, laid the foundation stone of the Port on 3rd January 1962 near the Confluence of the river Mahanadi and the Bay of Bengal.

Government of India took over the management of the Port from the Government of Odisha on 1st June 1965. INS "Investigator" had the privilege of maiden berthing in the Port on the 12th March, 1966. The Port was declared open by Late Peter Stambolic, the then Prime Minister of Yugoslavia on the same day.

Government of India declared Paradip Port as the Eighth Major Port of India on 18th April 1966 making it the FIRST MAJOR PORT in the East Coast commissioned after independence.

The Port of Paradip, an autonomous body under the Major Port Trusts Act, 1963 functioning under Ministry of Shipping is administered by a Board of Trustees set up by the Government of India headed by the Chairman. The Trustees of the Trust Board are nominated by Government of India from various users of the Port such as shippers, ship owners, Government Departments concerned and also port labour. The day-to-day administration is carried out under general supervision and control of the Chairman, assisted by the Deputy Chairman and other departmental heads.[4][1]


Paradip port is strategically situated at mid-point between 210 nautical miles south of Kolkata and 260 nautical miles north of Visakhapatnam.

Latitude      20° - 15' - 55.44" N

Longitude   86° - 40' - 27.34" E[6]

Connectivity [7][edit]

The Port is connected with Broad-gauge electrified Railway system of the East-Coast Railway and is also served by National Highway No.5A and State Highway No.12. Port is well connected with Cuttack and Bhubaneswar with bus & train services.

The Port is also connected by bus routes to the steel city of Rourkela, Kolkata and to the holy town of Puri & Konark.

The Port is connected through lease line and broadband to other Ports, Ministry and IPA. Reliance, BSNL, Airtel, TATA Indicom etc. have cellular services at Paradip Port. 4G network facility is available in Paradip Port town.

Business Facilities [8][edit]

Port Harbour[edit]

The Port of Paradip has an artificial lagoon type harbour protected by 2 (two) rubble mound “Break Waters” and approached by the dredged channel. The North Break Water is 538 mtrs long on the North-Eastern side of the Port and the South Break Water is 1217 mtrs long on the South-Eastern side.

The position of the Channels inside the harbour is as under:

Approach Channel 10.00 km      Long

300.00 mtrs   Wide

18.70 mtrs     Deep

Entrance Channel 2000.00 mtrs Long

240.00 mtrs   Wide

17.10 mtrs     Deep

Turning Basin 520.00 mtrs.   Diameter

17.10 mtrs      Deep

Pilotage & Towage Facilities[edit]

The Pilotage is compulsory for all vessels above 200 MTs Gross Tonnage. The Pilotage service is available to all vessels during 24 hours and 365 days. The Pilot Boarding ground is about 3 miles SE of Breakwaters. All the vessels have to inform their ETA prior to entering the Port Limits to the Port Signal Station on VHF Channel: 16 / 06. The Port has 3 Nos. Tugs having BP more than 35 Tons and 2 Nos. of port Tugs having BP more than 50 Tons. All the tugs are fitted with fire fighting equipment for external general and oil fire. The Port is having 3 Nos. Pilot Launches having speed more than 10 knots, 02 Nos. pilot lunches having speed of 7 knots and 02 Nos. Mooring Boats are also available for passing the Mooring Lines to the Berth / Jetty.

Marine Pollution's Control & Reception Facilities[edit]

The Port Complies to all the Regulations of MARPOL 73/78 and has a Pollution Control Cell to monitor the Pollution in the Harbour. The Port has a Pollution Control Vessel with a Skimmer, chemical dispersant spray system and Oil Containment Boom. The Port also has a 300 T Oil Reception Barge. The port has engaged security cum pollution response vessel with all required pollution response equipment & the same is installed at SPM area. The Port has engaged private firms having permission from Central Pollution Control Board and State Pollution Control Board to receive waste / used / oily water from the vessels for re-processing / re-cycling as required by MARPOL 73/78 Annexure-I. The Port has also engaged private firms to collect garbage from the vessels in Port as required by MARPOL 73/78 Annexure-V. The reception facilities for other annexures of MARPOL 73/78 can be arranged by advance notice given by ship owners / local agents.

Fresh Water Services[edit]

Adequate fresh water supply services rendered to all vessels at berth through shore connection. All self-propelled fresh water barge is available to supply freshwater up to 350 MT at berth and at anchorage.

Storage Facilities[edit]

WARE HOUSE AREA (Sq. mtr) Capacity ( in MT)
Ware House No. I 1700 4000
Ware House No.II 6000 14000
TOTAL 7700 18000
Rail Sidings 8,22,200
Mechanical Ore 1,05,000
Mechanical MCHP 1,22,200
Without Siding 7,45,000
Covered 9,111
Concreted 1,01,000
Others 93,915
TOTAL 19,98,426

Container Handling Facilities[edit]

The Port handles containers in a limited manner with cargo support from NALCO, Marine Products Exporters, TISCO, JSL and others. The Port has 1000 TEU capacity container yard served with two railway sidings and 15 reefer plug points. One 75 MT and Two 20 MT mobile cranes, two spreaders (40 feet & 20 feet) are available in the Port to facilitate for container handling. These equipment are duly supported by 2 (two) Reach stacker & other container handling equipment from private source.

  • Berthing priority for container vessels. Hence, nil waiting.
  • 50% Concession in both vessel & cargo related charges for container vessels.
  • Harbour Mobile cranes at berths to handle containers.
  • In-house stuffing / de-stuffing facility.
  • Siding facility for Rail handling of containers.

Storage Area[edit]

  • 55000sq. mtr. of concrete paved area near the berth.
  • Storage area secured & protected.
  • Capacity to store about 1000 TEUs (20ft).

Equipment Available[edit]

  • One Mobile crane of 75MT capacity (Port).
  • Two 50 MT mobile cranes & one 20 MT forklift (private).
  • Adequate trailers to handle TEUs and FEUs (private).

Container Traffic 2014-15[edit]

  • Import of 1471 empty TEUs and 468 laden TEUs
  • Export of 40 empty TEUs & 2291 laden TEUs container with 51,745 metric tonnes.

Dry Dock / Repairing Facilities[edit]

The Port has a 500 Ton slipway along with workshop for repair and maintenance of Port crafts and barges. A Wet Basin for Port crafts is available close to the Slipway.

The dry dock of dimension 75 mtrs length, 15mtrs width and 11mtrs depth has been constructed at this port to facilitate repairing of crafts. Vessels of (-5.5) mtrs draft can be repaired at Paradip.

Port Railways[edit]

The Port has its own railway system. The route length is 7.4 km and track length of 84 km. The Port is equipped with 7 nos. of locomotives to undertake railway operations which is supported by 2 locomotives on hire from RITES. The Port has one of the finest connectivity to the Indian Railways through East Coast Railways for seamless cargo movement by rail.

1400 BHP 04 (DLW-WDS-6)
1350 BHP 02 (DLW- WDS-6A/D)
3100 BHP 01 (DLW-WDG-3A)
1175 BHP 02 (WDS6) On hire basis

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)[edit]

The Port has introduced EDI facility to all its port users for all payments made to the port. The concept is to connect the port users, the bank and the port for faster and easier transfer of funds. Port users are also submitting their documents to port electronically through PCS (Port Community System).

Infrastructures [9][edit]

  • Mechanised Coal Handling Plant
  • Iron Ore Handling Plant
  • General Cargo Berth
  • Oil Jetty
  • Captive Berths
  • BOT Berths
  • RO-RO Jetty
  • Container Handling
  • Cargo Handling Equipments
  • Port Railways
  • Storage


Paradip Port has 20 berths with a minimum draft of 13 metres (43 ft). It can accommodate vessels up to 90,000 DWT.[10]

The fully automated coal handling plant can handle up to 20 million tons of coal imports per annum. A single point mooring system handles Very Large Crude Carriers for Indian Oil.

As of 2015, the approach channel was being dredged to increase depth to at least 15.7 metres (52 ft) to enable the port to handle capesize vessels. A western dock with 6 additional berths are completed. Other massive expansion projects are planned to increase the port's cargo handling capacity to over 180 million tons by 2020.[11]

Development of a New Outer Harbour nearer to South Break Water of Paradip Port. The Techno Economical Feasibility Report (TEFR) for the Outer Harbour has been entrusted to AECOM & McKency Consortium by MoS under Sagarmala. Now, the bid document is being prepared for appointing a consultant for preparation of DPR & shall shortly be floated in the website in the form of NIT.

The port operates an autonomous railway system, with its own railway station. It has an 82 kilometres (51 mi) of track length with over 25 sidings for handling cargo. The rail system connects to the East Coast Railway (ECoR) network of the Indian Railways over a 10 km route. NH 5A is a four-lane national highway connecting the port to Haridaspur near Cuttack, and to the rest of India's highway network. State Highway SH-12 also connect Paradip with Cuttack & Bhubaneswar.

Master Plan[edit]

Paradip has been identified for development as one of the six major petroleum, chemicals and petrochemical investment regions (PCPIRs) in India, along the lines of Pudong in China, Rotterdam in Europe and Houston in North America. The Paradip PCPIR has identified an investment potential of US $68.84 billion, spread over 284 square kilometres (110 sq mi) in the area.

Govt of Odisha planned to pump in Rs 300000 Crore into Paradip by 2025. So existing infrastructure was planned to be upgraded. A newly planned railway line Paradip-Haridaspur is on the verge of completion. A new greenfield corridor highway has been planned between Bhubaneswar and Paradip.

Coastal Highway planned to connect Dhamara Port & Astaranga Port with Paradip. A new Airstrip has been proposed by GoO to facilitate transportation downtime.

Plan to make the biggest PCIPR Region in Asia. Paradip city along with neighboring semi-urban area has been master planned to be developed as an industrial city by 2030 by Paradip Development Authority.


  1. ^ "Cargo traffic handled by major ports up 4.77% in FY18". 8 April 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  2. ^ "About Us". Paradip Port Trust. Retrieved 2011-09-27.[dead link]
  3. ^ "Port History".
  4. ^ "Port History". Retrieved 2019-01-08.
  5. ^ "Location".
  6. ^ "Know Your Port".
  7. ^ "Location".
  8. ^ "Business Facilities".
  9. ^ "Infrastructures of Paradip Port Trust".
  10. ^ "Home". Paradip Port Trust. Retrieved 2011-09-27.
  11. ^ "Centre to pump Rs 3,141 cr into Paradip port". Business Standard. 2011-09-19. Retrieved 2011-09-27.