Paradisaea

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Paradisaea
Raggiana Bird-of-Paradise wild 5.jpg
Raggiana bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea raggiana)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paradisaeidae
Genus: Paradisaea
Linnaeus, 1758
Subgenera

The genus Paradisaea consists of seven species of birds-of-paradise (family Paradisaeidae). The genus is found on the island of New Guinea as well as the nearby islands groups of the Aru Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Islands and Raja Ampat Islands. The species inhabit a range of forest types from sea level to mid-montane forests. Several species have highly restricted distributions, and all species have disjunct distributions.[1] A 2009 study examining the mitochondrial DNA of the family found that the Paradisaea birds-of-paradise were in a clade with the genus Cicinnurus. It showed that the blue bird-of-paradise was a sister taxon to all the other species in this genus.[2]

All are large, and sexually dimorphic. The plumage of the males includes characteristic grossly elongated flank plumes (which emerge from beneath the wings and strictly speaking are flank plumes pectoral plumes), and a pair of wire-like feathers emerging from the end of the tail. The flank plumes are used during breeding displays.[1]

The name, Paradisaea, is the Latinized form of "paradise". The local name in Indonesia is cenderawasih.

Species[edit]

Subgenus Image Common name Scientific name Distribution
Paradisornis Blue Bird-of-paradise PNG 1.jpg Blue bird-of-paradise Paradisaea rudolphi Papua New Guinea
Paradisaea Lesser Bird of Paradise.jpg Lesser bird-of-paradise Paradisaea minor northern New Guinea, and the nearby islands of Misool and Yapen.
Paradisaea apoda -Bali Bird Park-6.jpg Greater bird-of-paradise Paradisaea apoda southwest New Guinea and Aru Islands, Indonesia
Raggiana Bird-of-Paradise wild 5.jpg Raggiana bird-of-paradise Paradisaea raggiana eastern New Guinea
Goldie's bird-of-paradise Paradisaea decora Papua New Guinea
Stavenn Paradisaea rubra 00.jpg Red bird-of-paradise Paradisaea rubra Waigeo and Batanta islands of Raja Ampat, West Papua
Emperor bird-of-paradise Paradisaea guilielmi Papua New Guinea.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Firth, Clifford B.; Firth, Dawn W. (2009), "Family Paradisaeidae (Birds-of-paradise)", in del Hoyo, Josep; Elliott, Andrew; Christie, David (eds.), Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14, Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 404–459, ISBN 978-84-96553-50-7
  2. ^ Irested, Martin; Jønsson, Knud A; Fjeldså, Jon; Christidis, Les and Per GP Ericson (2009). "An unexpectedly long history of sexual selection in birds-of-paradise". Evolutionary Biology. 9 (235). doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-235. PMC 2755009.