|Raggiana bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea raggiana)|
The genus Paradisaea consists of seven species of birds-of-paradise (family Paradisaeidae). The genus is found on the island of New Guinea as well as the nearby islands groups of the Aru Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Islands and Raja Ampat Islands. The species inhabit a range of forest types from sea level to mid-montane forests. Several species have highly restricted distributions, and all species have disjunct distributions. A 2009 study examining the mitochondrial DNA of the family found that the Paradisaea birds-of-paradise were in a clade with the genus Cicinnurus. It showed that the blue bird-of-paradise was a sister taxon to all the other species in this genus.
All are large, and sexually dimorphic. The plumage of the males includes characteristic grossly elongated flank plumes (which emerge from beneath the wings and strictly speaking are flank plumes pectoral plumes), and a pair of wire-like feathers emerging from the end of the tail. The flank plumes are used during breeding displays.
The name, Paradisaea, is the Latinized form of "paradise". The local name in Indonesia is cenderawasih.
|Subgenus||Image||Common name||Scientific name||Distribution|
|Paradisornis||Blue bird-of-paradise||Paradisaea rudolphi||Papua New Guinea|
|Paradisaea||Lesser bird-of-paradise||Paradisaea minor||northern New Guinea, and the nearby islands of Misool and Yapen.|
|Greater bird-of-paradise||Paradisaea apoda||southwest New Guinea and Aru Islands, Indonesia|
|Raggiana bird-of-paradise||Paradisaea raggiana||eastern New Guinea|
|Goldie's bird-of-paradise||Paradisaea decora||Papua New Guinea|
|Red bird-of-paradise||Paradisaea rubra||Waigeo and Batanta islands of Raja Ampat, West Papua|
|Emperor bird-of-paradise||Paradisaea guilielmi||Papua New Guinea.|
- Firth, Clifford B.; Firth, Dawn W. (2009), "Family Paradisaeidae (Birds-of-paradise)", in del Hoyo, Josep; Elliott, Andrew; Christie, David (eds.), Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14, Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows, Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, pp. 404–459, ISBN 978-84-96553-50-7
- Irested, Martin; Jønsson, Knud A; Fjeldså, Jon; Christidis, Les and Per GP Ericson (2009). "An unexpectedly long history of sexual selection in birds-of-paradise". Evolutionary Biology. 9 (235). doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-235. PMC 2755009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Paradisaea.|