Paradise Dam (Queensland)
Location of the dam wall in Queensland
|Location||20 km (12 mi) northwest of Biggenden, Wide Bay-Burnett region, Queensland|
|Construction cost||A$240 million|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Gravity dam|
|Height||37 metres (121 ft)|
|Length||600 metres (2,000 ft)|
|Spillway type||Stepped spillway chute with a smooth ogee|
|Total capacity||300,000 ML (6.6×1010 imp gal; 7.9×1010 US gal)|
|Catchment area||2,951 ha (7,290 acres)|
|Maximum water depth||38.2 m (125 ft)|
|Normal elevation||67.6 m (222 ft)|
The Paradise Dam, also known as the Burnett River Dam, is a rock-filled gravity dam across the Burnett River, located northwest Biggenden and 80 kilometres (50 mi) southwest of Bundaberg in the Wide Bay-Burnett region of Queensland, Australia. Built for irrigation, the impoundment created by the dam is called Lake Paradise.
Location and features
The concrete dam wall is up to 37.1 metres (122 ft) high and spans approximately 600 metres (2,000 ft). The dam is named for the ghost town of Paradise, which is now under water following construction.
Approval to build the dam was given in 2002. It was constructed on behalf of the Queensland Government between 2003 and 2005. The dam is owned by a government-owned corporation, Burnett Water. Since construction was completed in December 2005, it has been operated by another Queensland government-owned corporation, Sunwater. Construction of the 300,000-megalitre (6.6×1010 imp gal; 7.9×1010 US gal) capacity dam cost A$240 million to complete and was intended to assist the social and economic growth of the region.
The dam is also significant in that it has been the centre of a controversial fishway designed to allow movement of fish upstream and downstream of the dam wall, including the endangered Queensland lungfish.
When the Paradise Dam is full, water is released over a stepped spillway followed by a stilling basin. The spillway chute is 335 metres (1,099 ft) wide with a smooth ogee profile, ending a few small steps leading to 1V:0.64H–stepped chute with a step height of 0.62 metres (2 ft 0 in). The chute is followed by a stilling basin before rejoinging the natural river course.
Between 2010 and 2013, the spillway system passed four major events, thus mitigating the effects of flood in the downstream catchment including the city of Bundaberg. The peak discharges were experienced in December 2010, January 2011, January 2013 and in March 2013.
An upstream fishway, known as the upstream fishlift, was installed on the dam for a cost of $12 million. It consists of a 7,500-litre (1,600 imp gal; 2,000 US gal) caged container known as the hopper that sits at the downstream base of the dam wall. When operating, water is passed through the hopper to attract fish into it. The hopper is lifted over the dam wall to release any fish that have entered the hopper into the reservoir. The hopper is then returned to the base of the dam and the cycle repeated.
A downstream fishway, known as the downstream fishlock, was installed on the dam for a cost of $8 million. It consists of an inlet chamber on the upstream side of the dam wall in the reservoir and a pipe to the downstream side of the dam. When operating, fish are attracted into the inlet chamber by flowing water.
The downstream fishway was not operated from the completion of the dam in December 2005 until February 2009 due to water levels in the dam being beneath the entrance of the fishway. Since the dam commenced operation, the upstream and downstream fishways have not operated for approximately 60% of the time due to a combination of low water levels, mechanical failure, and being shut-down. Operation of the fishway has been limited to only those time when there are low and medium flow releases.
SunWater, the state entity which manages the dam, released final fishway monitoring reports in 2012 for the upstream fishway and the downstream fishway. 25 species different species have been recorded successfully using the upstream fishway.
No lungfish have been recorded using the downstream fishway and very few have been recorded using the upstream fishway. The monitoring indicates that large bodied fish (lungfish, barramundi, mullet, bass) are not using the fishways.
- "Lake Paradise (entry 44148)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
- "Paradise Dam". Sunwater Current Water Storage Information. Sunwater. Retrieved 16 November 2015.
- "Register of Large Dams in Australia" (Excel (requires download)). Dams information. Australian National Committee on Large Dams. 2010. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
- Paradise Dam case. Environmental Law Australia. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
- Paradise Dam Upstream Fishway Monitoring Program Final Report June 2011. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
- Paradise Dam Downstream Fishway Monitoring Program Final V1.1 Report February 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
- van de Wetering, Jodie (9 September 2005). "The official history of Paradise". ABC Wide Bay. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 12 January 2006. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
- "Endangered lungfish among many fish perishing due to lethal Paradise Dam design". Herald Sun. 16 July 2012.
- "Paradise Dam report released, community concerns continue". ABC News. Wide Bay. 8 October 2013.