Paradise Lost (play)
First edition 1936
|Written by||Clifford Odets|
|Date premiered||December 9, 1935|
New York City
|Setting||The Gordon home in an American city|
Paradise Lost is a drama by Clifford Odets that takes place in 1932, during the Depression. The play was originally produced on Broadway by the Group Theatre in 1935. It was also filmed for television broadcast in 1971.
The play takes place in an unnamed American city during the Depression, in 1932. The head of the family, Leo, and his wife Clara are middle-class and prosperous. However, over the course of the play Leo and his partner Sam lose their handbag business and the family must come to terms with this. The other characters in the play include a friend, Gus, and his daughter, Libby, a frivolous and self-centered young woman who is newly married to Leo's son Ben; a boarder, and an assortment of other characters.
Odets said of Paradise Lost that he'd hoped that after people see it, "they're going to be glad they're alive".
Directed by Harold Clurman, Paradise Lost premiered on Broadway at the Longacre Theatre in a Group Theatre production. It opened on December 9, 1935, and closed in February 1936 after 73 performances.
- Stella Adler as Clara Gordon
- Morris Carnovsky as Leo Gordon
- Walter Coy as Ben Gordon
- Blanche Gladstone as Libby Michaels
- Roman Bohnen as Gus Michaels
- Elia Kazan as Kewpie
- Grover Burgess as Mr. Pike
- Luther Adler as Sam Katz
- Lewis Leverett as Phil Foley
- Sanford Meisner as Julie
- Robert Lewis as Mr. May
|Directed by||Glenn Jordan|
|Written by||Clifford Odets|
Jo Van Fleet
Glenn Jordan directed a television revival production of Paradise Lost that was first broadcast on American Public Television in two parts, on February 25 and March 4, 1971. The editor was Frank Herold and the play was recorded at Teletape Studios, NYC. Herold received a 1972 Emmy Award nomination for video editing.
- Jo Van Fleet as Clara Gordon
- Eli Wallach as Leo Gordon
- Sam Groom as Ben Gordon
- Bernadette Peters as Libby Michaels
- George Voskovec as Gus Michaels
- Cliff Gorman as Kewpie
- Fred Gwynne as Mr. Pike
- Mike Kellin as Sam Katz
- Biff McGuire as Phil Foley
Paradise Lost was released on DVD in April 2002 by Kultur's DVD Broadway Theater Archive. According to Luther Adler in the presentation's intro, Paradise Lost was Clifford Odets' favorite and Harold Clurman considered it one of the six or seven really important contemporary American plays.
"Paradise Lost" is more an exercise in style than an organic drama.... The style does not flow naturally out of the...characters who inhabit the play.... If the design of the play is apparently formless and aimless, that is Mr. Odets's conscious way of reflecting the stalemate lives of the society he is describing. It results in several bold and exhilarating scenes, several vigorous characters, a good deal of sinewy dialogue—and considerable incidental foolishness.... "Paradise Lost"" is a very mixed package.
The reviewer for The New York Times wrote of the 1971 television film that the play was
an inordinately difficult work, especially on the home screen.... Mr. Odets piled episode upon episode and remorselessly twirled his sociological revolving door with too many people.... It is a totality of the vagaries of humanity under varying degrees of despair and hopelessness.... The inarticulation of people to develop thoughts and philosophies may not make for the most exciting conventional theater but it can be a cameo of persons as they really are, a portrait of society at loose ends.
- Olszewski, Tricia (November 25, 2004). "'Paradise Lost': Odets's Family Far From Eden". The Washington Post. p. C01.
- "Outstanding Achievement in Video Tape Editing - 1972". Academy of Television Arts & Sciences. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- "Paradise Lost (Broadway Theater Archive) (1974)". Amazon.com. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- Atkinson, Brooks (December 10, 1935). "The Play: Clifford Odets and the Group Theatre Discussing the Stalemate of the Middle Class". The New York Times. p. 31.
- Gould, Jack (February 25, 1971). "T.V. N.E.T.'s Revival of 'Paradise Lost' by Odets". The New York Times. p. 75.