Parag Khanna

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Parag Khanna
Born (1977-07-27) 27 July 1977 (age 46)
EducationGeorgetown University (BA, MA)
London School of Economics (PhD)
SpouseAyesha Khanna
WebsiteOfficial website

Parag Khanna (born 27 July 1977 in Kanpur) is an Indian-American specialist in geopolitics and globalization.[1] He is the managing partner of FutureMap, and former managing partner of Hybrid Reality as well as Co-Founder & CEO of Factotum.[2][better source needed]

Early life and education[edit]

Khanna was born in Kanpur, India.[3] His childhood was spent between India and the United Arab Emirates before his family moved to New York City.[4] He obtained the degree of Bachelor of Science in International Affairs from the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University,[5] and also a Master of Arts in Security Studies from Georgetown in 2005.[6] In 2010, he received his PhD in international relations from the London School of Economics, completing a thesis entitled The World Economic Forum: An anatomy of multi-stakeholder global policy-making.[7][8]


From 1999 to 2000, Khanna was a research associate at the Council on Foreign Relations in New York.[9] From 2000 to 2002, he worked at the World Economic Forum.[3] From 2002 to 2005, he was a Global Governance Fellow at the Brookings Institution. From 2006 to 2012, he was a senior research fellow at the New America Foundation[6][failed verification] in Washington, D.C.. From 2012 to 2018, he was a senior research fellow at the Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy at the National University of Singapore.

His other affiliations include Richard von Weizsaecker Fellow of the Robert Bosch Academy in 2017, senior fellow of the Singapore Institute of International Affairs (2012–2014), visiting fellow at LSE IDEAS (2011–2013),[10][failed verification] and senior fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations (2011–2013) and distinguished visitor at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto.[citation needed] In 2010, he became the first video-blogger for[11][better source needed] From 2008 to 2009, Parag was the host of "InnerView" on MTV.[citation needed]

Government service[edit]

In 2007, Khanna served as a Senior Geopolitical Advisor to US Special Operations Forces deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan.[12][better source needed][13][better source needed]


Khanna's first book was The Second World: Empires and Influence in the New Global Order. In 2008, Khanna authored an essay adapted from this book in the New York Times Magazine titled "Waving Goodbye to Hegemony".[14]

In 2011, How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance, Khanna's sequel to The Second World.[15] In the book, he argues that the world is entering a “postmodern Middle Ages” in which global governance takes the form of “mega-diplomacy” among coalitions of public and private actors.[16]

In 2012, Khanna co-authored a book with Ayesha Khanna, called Hybrid Reality: Thriving in the Emerging Human-Technology Civilization.[17] The book presents how humanity is moving beyond the information revolution into a "Hybrid Age" in which technology is incorporated into all aspects of human life. It developed concepts such as "geotechnology" and "Technology Quotient (TQ)".[18]

In 2016, his book Connectography: Mapping the Future of Global Civilization, was the completion of Khanna's trilogy on world order.[19] The book argues that connectivity in the form of transportation, energy and communications infrastructure has brought about a "global network revolution" in which human civilization becomes reorganized according to cities and supply chains more than nations and borders.[20]

In 2017, Amazon CreateSpace published his book Technocracy in America: Rise of the Info-State. It argued that the US government requires a better balance between representation and administration, explored diverse governance systems and proposed an organizational redesign for the US federal government.[21]

In 2019, Khanna published the book The Future is Asian: Commerce, Conflict and Culture in the 21st Century, which analyses the shift in global power location from the West to the continent Asia, and comments on the growing common identity among its collective nations.[22] He examines the reemergence of an "Asian system" after the end of colonialism and Cold War, and how Asia's collective rise impacts geopolitics, economics, and culture has shifted away from US hegemony.[23]

In 2021, Simon & Schuster published MOVE: The Forces Uprooting Us, in which Khanna forecasts the future of human geography in light of colliding megatrends such as demographics, geopolitics, technological automation and climate change.[24]


In 2011, editors at The New Republic named him one of the "Most Over-Rated Thinkers" of the year, calling Khanna's book How to Run The World a "self-congratulatory anthology of clichés and platitudes".[11] In the same magazine a year later, Evgeny Morozov was strongly critical of Khanna when he reviewed Hybrid Reality by describing Khanna as an "intellectual impostor" possessed of "contempt for democracy and human rights" and criticising his admiration of authoritarian governments in China and Singapore.[25]


Khanna has participated in multiple TED conferences.[26] In 2009 he gave a keynote talk at TED Global in Oxford, England on "Invisible Maps."[27] He was also a guest host of TED Global 2012, held in Edinburgh, Scotland, whose theme was "Radical Openness." He curated a session of speakers on the theme of "The Upside of Transparency" including Sanjay Pradhan, Beth Noveck, Heather Brooke, Marc Goodman and Deyan Sudjic.[28] In 2016, he spoke at the main TED conference[29] held in Vancouver, Canada, on "how megacities are changing the map of the world."[30]


Khanna was awarded the OECD Future Leaders Prize in 2002. In 2008, he was named one of Esquire's "75 Most Influential People of the 21st Century",[31] and featured in Wired magazine's "Smart List".[32] He has been honored as a Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum and currently[when?] serves on the WEF's Global Agenda Council[33][failed verification] on Geo-economics and advisory board of its Future of Urban Development Initiative.[citation needed] He has received research grants from the United Nations Foundation, Smith Richardson Foundation, and Ford Foundation.[34] He is a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society.[35][better source needed]


  • The Second World: Empires and Influence in the New Global Order, Random House, 2008. ISBN 1-4000-6508-9.
  • How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance, Random House, 2011. ISBN 1-4000-6827-4.
  • Connectography: Mapping the Future of Global Civilization, New York: Random House, 2016. ISBN 9780812988550, OCLC 962478258
  • Hybrid Reality: Thriving in the Emerging Human-Technology Civilization, TED Books, 2012. ISBN 9781937382162
  • Technocracy in America: Rise of the Info-State. Kentucky : CreateSpace, 2017. ISBN 9780998232515, OCLC 985104616
  • The Future is Asian: Commerce, Conflict and Culture in the 21st Century, New York : Simon & Schuster, 2019. ISBN 9781501196263, OCLC 1083524788
  • MOVE: The Forces Uprooting Us. Simon & Schuster, 2021. ISBN 1982168978, ISBN 9781982168971


  1. ^ Khanna, Parag (February 1, 2016). "How megacities are changing the map of the world". TED (conference).
  2. ^ "Connectography: A growing force driving opportunity & growth — Business Advancement". 1999-02-22. Retrieved 2020-04-06.
  3. ^ a b Sahay, Anjali (16 May 2009). Indian Diaspora in the United States: Brain Drain or Gain?. Lexington Books. ISBN 9780739135495 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "Parag and Ayesha Khanna foresee a hybrid future, and it's great". Washington Post.
  5. ^ "Singapore Institute of International Affairs - Connectography: Mapping the Future of Global Civilization".
  6. ^ a b "Leading Scholar Outs Global Elite Endgame As Technocracy".
  7. ^ Khanna, Parag (2010). The World Economic Forum: An anatomy of multi-stakeholder global policy-making (phd thesis). London School of Economics and Political Science.
  8. ^ Kaufmann, Bruno. "Parag Khanna gives his prescription for democracy".
  9. ^ "CNN Profiles". CNN.
  10. ^ Khanna, Parag. "Parag Khanna: 'So long, information age. Hello, hybrid age'". Wired UK.
  11. ^ a b "Over-Rated Thinkers". The New Republic. 3 November 2011.
  12. ^ "Parag Khanna". The American Academy in Berlin. Retrieved 2021-02-10.
  13. ^ "CNN Profiles - Parag Khanna - Global Contributor". CNN. Retrieved 2021-02-10.
  14. ^ Khanna, Parag (January 27, 2008). "Waving Goodbye to Hegemony". The New York Times.
  15. ^ Khanna, Parag (2011). How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance. Random House. ISBN 978-1400068272.
  16. ^ Ikenberrymarch/April 2011, G. John (21 February 2011). "How to Run the World: Charting a Course to the Next Renaissance". {{cite magazine}}: Cite magazine requires |magazine= (help)CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  17. ^ Chhabra, Esha (11 July 2012). "Ayesha, Parag Khanna on TED book 'Hybrid Reality'". SFGATE.
  18. ^ "Ayesha, Parag Khanna on TED book 'Hybrid Reality'". SFGate. 11 July 2012.
  19. ^ "Connectography: Mapping the Future of Global Civilization". (ISBN 0812988558)
  20. ^ "Bridges versus borders".
  21. ^ Landy, Benjamin (9 March 2020). "To save America, break up the presidency: Parag Khanna's radical design for U.S. democracy". Fast Company.
  22. ^ "China, America and the road to a new world order". Financial Times. 6 December 2018.
  23. ^ "THE FUTURE IS ASIAN by Parag Khanna | Kirkus Reviews". Archived from the original on 2019-02-09. Retrieved 2019-02-07.
  24. ^ "Book review - MOVE". Kirkus Reviews.
  25. ^ Morozov, Evgeny (2 August 2012). "The Naked and the Ted". The New Republic. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  26. ^ "Global Strategist Parag Khanna to Keynote Urbanity '18". 19 July 2018.
  27. ^ Parag Khanna maps the future of countries. YouTube. 28 September 2009. Archived from the original on 2021-12-21.
  28. ^ "The upside and downside of transparency: Q&A with TEDGlobal guest host Parag Khanna". TED Blog.
  29. ^ "TED2016: Dream".
  30. ^ "How megacities are changing the map of the world". 5 April 2016.
  31. ^ "Influential People – 21st Century". Esquire. 16 September 2008.
  32. ^ WIRED Staff (2008-09-22). "The 2008 Smart List: 15 People the Next President Should Listen To". Wired. ISSN 1059-1028. Retrieved 2019-04-01.
  33. ^ "Global Agenda Council on Geo-economics 2014". World Economic Forum.
  34. ^ "Parag Khanna" (PDF).[dead link]
  35. ^ "C&W Agency".

External links[edit]