|Sound change and alternation|
Paragoge (//; from Greek: παραγωγή; adj. paragogic //), is the addition of a sound to the end of a word. Often, this is due to nativization. It is a type of epenthesis, most commonly vocalic epenthesis.
Some languages have undergone paragoge as a sound change, so that modern forms are longer than the historical forms they are derived from. Italian sono 'I am' from Latin SUM is an example. Sometimes, as here, the paragogic vowel is an echo vowel.
Paragoge in loanwords
- Hebrew "Behold" הביט hebita, "Look down earnestly" הביטה hebitah, "...paragogic letters always increase the sense.” 
- English computer → Latvian kompjūters;
- English rack → Finnish räkki;
- English gal → Japanese ギャル (gyaru);
- Ottoman Turkish راقى (rakı) > South Slavic rakia.
- (Adam Clarke, 1831, p. IV 159)
- Crowley, Terry. (1997) An Introduction to Historical Linguistics. 3rd edition. Oxford University Press.
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