Paraguay–Taiwan relations

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Paraguay–Republic of China relations

Paraguay

Republic of China

Paraguay–Republic of China relations are foreign relations between Paraguay and China, commonly called Taiwan. Both governments established diplomatic relations on July 8, 1957. Paraguay is one of the 20 countries in the world (and the only one in South America) to recognize the Republic of China (ROC) as the sole and legitimate government of China, including the island of Taiwan. Paraguay does not recognize the People's Republic of China. Paraguay has had an Embassy in Taipei since 1999.[1] China has a representative office in Asunción and another in Ciudad del Este.[2] The two are antipodes of each other.

History[edit]

Paraguay President Horacio Cartes and ROC President Tsai Ing-wen in Taiwan.

The governments of Paraguay and the Republic of China established diplomatic relations on July 8, 1957. Over the following decades, the two governments signed the Cultural Connvention (1961), Treaty of Friendship (1968), and Conventions of Tourism and Investments (1975).[3] [4]

The partnership between the anti-communist governments of General Alfredo Stroessner and Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek was quite natural. Many Paraguayan officers went for training in Fu Hsing Kang College in Taiwan.[5]

The ouster of Stroessner in 1989, and his successor Andrés Rodríguez's reinventing himself as a democratically elected president, were immediately followed by invitations from the People's Republic of China to switch diplomatic recognition.[6] However, the experienced general and politician Wang Sheng who happened to serve as Taiwan's ambassador at the time, and his diplomatic staff, were able to convince the Paraguayans that continuing the relationship with ROC, and thus keeping Taiwan's development assistance and access to Taiwan's markets, would be more advantageous for Paraguay. As the ROC Commercial Attaché at Asunción, Tseng Cheng-te, explained later, "I tried constantly to figure out what we could buy from them. It was very difficult, because they have nothing to offer".[6]

Taiwan provided assistance to Paraguay on a number of economic development projects throughout the 1990s,[4] and has extended large loans to Paraguay; as of early 2009, Taiwan's government was offering payment deferral on a $400 million outstanding loan.[7]

Traditionally, Paraguayan diplomats at the United Nations backed regular proposals at the UN General Assembly sessions for the return of Taiwan into the United Nations' Organization.[8] However, in the fall of 2008, the recently elected Paraguyan president Fernando Lugo (whose inauguration, just a few days previously, had been attended by Taiwan's Ma Ying-jeou[9]) announced that his country would not do so at the 63rd annuals session of the General Assembly.[10]

Proposed FTA[edit]

In 2004, Taiwan and Paraguay attempted to negotiate a free trade agreement,[11] but having to obtain approval from Paraguay's MERCOSUR's partners (none of which has diplomatic relations with Taiwan) made the process difficult.[9][12] As of April 2009, the proposed treaty was still described as being negotiated.[13]


Bilateral Visits of both Officials[edit]

Visits from  Paraguay(after 1987/01)[edit]

Heads of State Name(Date of Visit) Notes
President of Paraguay
President Andrés Rodríguez Pedotti(1990/05)
President Luis Ángel González Macchi(1999/09、2002/08)
President (Óscar Nicanor Duarte Frutos(2004/05、2007/10)
President Fernando Armindo Lugo Méndez(2011/03、2012/05)
President Luis Federico Franco Gómez(2013/05)
President Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara(2014/10、2016/05)
President of

Chamber of Senatorsof Paraguay/

Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay

President of Deputies of Paraguay 丁尼斯(1988/06)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay 艾吉諾(1988/06)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay 莫萊諾(1993/04)
President of Chamber of Senatorsof Paraguay Miguel Abdon Saguler(1997/01)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Pedro Efrain Alegre(1999/08)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Candido Vera Bejarano(2001/01)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Juan Roque Galeano Villalba(2002/03)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Juan Dario Monges Espinola(2002/03)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Oscar Gonzalez Daher(2003/03)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Don Benjamin Maciel Pasotti(2003/11)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Carlos Mateo Balmelli(2004/02)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Oscar Ruben Salomon Fernandez(2005/01)
President of Chamber of Senatorsof Paraguay Miguel Carrizosa Galiano(2005/01)
President of Chamber of Senatorsof Paraguay Carlos Alberto Filizzola Pallarés(2006/01)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Víctor Alcides Bogado González(2006/03、2007/01、2010/11、2012/02、2013/01、2013/05)
President of Chamber of Senatorsof Paraguay Enrique Gonzalez Quintana(2009/01)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Enrique Salyn Buzarquis Cáceres(2009/02)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay César Ariel Oviedo Verdún(2010/03)
President of Chamber of Senatorsof Paraguay Julio César Velázquez Tillería(2014/01)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Juan Bartolomé Ramírez(2014/02)
President of Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Hugo Adalberto Velázquez Moreno(2014/11、2015/09)
President of Chamber of Senatorsof Paraguay Mario Abdo Benítez(2016/01)
President of Chamber of Senatorsof Paraguay Roberto Acevedo Quevedo(2017/05)

Visits from  Republic of China(After 1987/01)[edit]

Heads of State Name(Date of Visit) Notes
President of Taiwan(Republic of China, R.O.C.)
President Lee Teng-hui(1997/09)
President Chen Shui-bian(2001/05、2006/05)
President Ma Ying-jeou(2008/08、2013/08)
President Tsai Ing-wen(2016/06)
Premier of Taiwan(Republic of China, R.O.C.)
Premier Yu Kuo-hwa(1988/08)
President of Control Yuan of Taiwan(Republic of China, R.O.C.)
President of Control Yuan Chen Li-an(1993/08)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Paraguay opens first Asian embassy in Taiwan, Summary of World Broadcasts: Asia, Pacific, Issues 3641-3653, British Broadcasting Corporation, 1999, page D-10
  2. ^ http://www.embassypages.com/missions/embassy8871/
  3. ^ Relaciones de la República de China (Taiwán) y la República del Paraguay (Relations of the Republic of China (Taiwan) and the Republic of Paraguay) (At the official site of the R.O.C. Embassy in Paraguay) (in Spanish)
  4. ^ a b DIPLOMATIC RELATIONS WITH THE REPUBLIC OF CHINA (TAIWAN)>BILATERAL AGREEMENTS (Embassy of Paraguay in the Republic of China)
  5. ^ Marks, Thomas A., Counterrevolution in China: Wang Sheng and the Kuomintang, Frank Cass (London: 1998), ISBN 0-7146-4700-4. Partial view on Google Books. pp 289. 293.
  6. ^ a b Marks, p. 301
  7. ^ Taiwan to allow Paraguay to defer loan payments: minister "The China Post", March 9, 2009
  8. ^ Taiwan's UN Campaign: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) expresses its heartfelt gratitude and sincere respect to Taiwan's three diplomatic allies for speaking in favor of Taiwan in the UN General Debate
  9. ^ a b "Taiwan-China balancing act in Latin America" (PDF). 
  10. ^ "Taiwan denies ties with Paraguay are shaky". Asia-Pacific News. September 2, 2008. 
  11. ^ Melody Chen (7 July 2004). "MOEA set to negotiate FTA with Paraguay". Taipei Times. 
  12. ^ Jessie Ho (15 February 2005). "Paraguayan FTA safe: government". Taipei Times. 
  13. ^ Bilaterals.org: Taiwan

External links[edit]