Parakala Matha

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Parakala Mutt
Entrance and the office of the temple
Entrance and the office of the temple
Geography
Country India
State Karnataka
District Mysore
Locale Chamarajapuram
Culture
Sanctum Hayagriva, Laxmi
Architecture
Number of temples 1
Parakala Mutt
Monastery information
Established 1268
People
Founder(s) Sri Brahmatantra Swatantra Jeeyar
Important associated figures Thirumangai Alvar, Vedanta Desika, the Wadiyars
Site
Public access Yes
His Holiness Sri Sri Sri Abhinava Vageesha Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Swami, the (current) 36th Pontiff of Sri Parakala Matha
The presiding deity of Sri Parakala Matha: Lord Sri Lakshmi Hayagreeva Swami (at the centre)

The Bramhatantra Parakala Matha is a Vaishnava monastery (matha) established in Karnataka.[1] It was the first medieval era monastery of the Vadakalai denomination within Vaishnavism tradition of Hindu society. Sri Sri Sri Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Matha was first established by Sri Sri Sri Brahmatantra Swatantra Jeeyar, a disciple of Sri Vedanta Desika Swamin.

The Matha got the name "Parakala" after Sri Tirumangai Alvar who is also known as Sri Parakalan. The Matha has its headquarters in Mysore. The Matha has had a close relationship with the monarchs of Mysore Kingdom since 1399, which is why the Mysore Palace is housed just next to the Matha. The kings of Mysore hold the Matha as their official gurukul. Even now, the royal lineage has a close relationship with the Matha. All royal ceremonies are even today monitored by the Matha.

Parakala Matha is among the organizations that follow Sri Vedanta Desika as the torch bearer of Sri Ramanuja's teachings. The others are Ahobila Matha, Sri Srirangam Andavan Ashramam and Sri Poundarikapuram Andavan Ashramam.

There have been 36 seers (heads) so far. The head of this Matha is the hereditary Acharya of the Mysore Royal Family. The Hayagriva idol worshiped here is said to be handed down from Vedanta Desika.[2]

His Holiness Sri Sri Sri Parakala Yogi Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Swami, the 21st Pontiff of Sri Parakala Matha
His Holiness Sri Sri Sri Abhinava Ranganatha Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Swami, 33rd Pontiff of Sri Parakala Matha

Principals[edit]

The Acharya Parampara of Sri Parakala Matha is as follows:

# Portrait Presided Principal Guru/Āchārya
0 1268 - 1369 (Founder Āchārya) Sri Nigamantha Maha Desikan
1 1286 - 1386 Sri Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
2 1386 - 1394 Dvitiya Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Deshikan
3 1394 - 1406 Tritiya Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
4 1406 - 1424 Sri Parakala Maha Desikan
5 1425 - 1440 Sri Vedanta Ramanuja Parakala Maha Desikan
6 1440 - 1460 Sri Srinivasa Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
7 1460 - 1482 Sri Narayana Yogindra Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
8 1482 - 1498 Sri Rangaraja Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
9 1498 - 1517 Sri Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
10 1517 - 1535 Sri Yatiraja Brahmatantra Swatantra Maha Desikan
11 1535 - 1552 Sri Varada Brahmatantra Swatantra Maha Desikan
12 1552 - 1567 Sri Paraankusha Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
13 1567 - 1583 Sri Kavitarkika Simha Brahmatantra Swatantra Maha Desikan
14 1583 - 1607 Sri Vedantha Yatisekhara (Yathivarya) Brahmatantra Swatantra Maha Desikan
15 1607 - 1618 Sri Gnyanadbhi Brahmatantra Swatantra Maha Desikan
16 1619 - 1640 Sri Veera Raghava Yogindra Brahmatantra Swatantra Maha Desikan
17 1640 - 1652 Sri Varada Vedantha Brahmatantra Swatantra Maha Desikan
18 1652 - 1663 Sri Varaha Brahmatantra Swatantra Maha Desikan
19 1663 - 1673 Sri Vedantha Lakshmana Brahmatantra Swatantra Maha Desikan
20 1673 - 1676 Sri Varada Vedantha Yogeendra Brahmatantra Swatantra Maha Desikan
21 Sri Periya Parakala Swami.jpg 1676 - 1738 Sri Periya Parakala Brahmatantra Swatantra Maha Desikan
22 1738 - 1750 Sri Srinivasa Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
23 1750 - 1770 Sri Vedantha Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
24 1770 - 1771 Sri Abhinava Srinivasa Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
25 1771 - 1810 Sri Ramanuja Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
26 1810 - 1828 Sri Ghantaavataara Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
27 1828 - 1835 Sri Vedantha Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
28 1835 - 1860 Sri Srinivasa Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
29 1860 - 1873 Sri Srinivasa Desikendra Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
30 1873 - 1885 Sri Ranganatha Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
31 1885 - 1915 Sri Krishna Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
32 1915 - 1925 Sri Vagheesha Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
33 Sri Sri Sri Abhinava Ranganatha Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Mahadesikaaha.jpg 1925 - 1966 Srimad Abhinava Ranganatha Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
34 1966 - 1972 Srimad Abhinava Srinivasa Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
35 1972 - 1992 Srimad Abhinava Ramanuja Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan
36 His Holiness Sri Sri Sri Abhinava Vageesha Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Swami, 36th Pontiff of Sri Parakala Mutt.jpg 1992–present Srimad Abhinava Vageesha Brahmatantra Swatantra Parakala Maha Desikan (The Presiding Acharya)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.parakalamatham.org
  2. ^ Swami Swahananda: "Monasteries in South Asia", page 50. Vedanta Press, 1989.