Parakrama Samudra

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Parakrama Samudraya
Location Polonnaruwa
Coordinates 7°54′N 80°58′E / 7.900°N 80.967°E / 7.900; 80.967Coordinates: 7°54′N 80°58′E / 7.900°N 80.967°E / 7.900; 80.967
Type reservoir
Catchment area 75×10^6 m2 (75 km2; 29 sq mi)
Basin countries Sri Lanka
Surface area 22.6×10^6 m2 (22.6 km2; 8.7 sq mi)
Average depth 5 m (16 ft)
Max. depth 12.7 m (42 ft)
Surface elevation 58.5 m (192 ft)

Parakrama Samudra (or King Parakrama's sea or the Sea of King Parakrama) is a shallow reservoir, consisting of three separate reservoirs connected by narrow channels in Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka.

The northernmost reservoir is the oldest and referred to as Topa wewa (Sinhalese wewa = lake or reservoir) built around 386. The middle section Eramudu wewa and the southernmost portion, at the highest elevation, is Dumbutula wewa, both sections were added and the reservoir expanded during the reign of King Parâkramabâhu I.[1]


  1. ^ PARAKRAMA SAMUDRA (LAKE PARAKRAMA)[permanent dead link] - International Lake Environment Committee

External links[edit]