Parallel Lines

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For the geometry term, see Parallel (geometry).
Parallel Lines
Blondie - Parallel Lines.jpg
Studio album by Blondie
Released September 1978
Recorded June–July 1978
Studio Record Plant, New York City
Genre Pop rock, power pop, new wave
Length 39:06
Label Chrysalis
Producer Mike Chapman
Blondie chronology
Plastic Letters
(1978)
Parallel Lines
(1978)
Eat to the Beat
(1979)
Singles from Parallel Lines
  1. "Picture This"
    Released: August 26, 1978
  2. "I'm Gonna Love You Too"
    Released: September 1978
  3. "Hanging on the Telephone"
    Released: October 30, 1978
  4. "Heart of Glass"
    Released: January 3, 1979
  5. "Sunday Girl"
    Released: May 1979
  6. "One Way or Another"
    Released: 1979

Parallel Lines is the third studio album by the American rock band Blondie. It was released in September 1978 by Chrysalis Records to international commercial success. The album reached No. 1 in the United Kingdom in February 1979 and proved to be the band's commercial breakthrough in the United States, where it reached No. 6 in April 1979. As of 2008, the album had sold over 20 million copies worldwide.[1]

Background[edit]

"Musically, Blondie were hopelessly horrible when we first began rehearsing for Parallel Lines, and in terms of my attitude they didn't know what had hit them. I basically went in there like Adolf Hitler and said, 'You are going to make a great record, and that means you're going to start playing better.'"

Mike Chapman, in an interview for Sound on Sound, recalling Blondie's initial musical inexperience[2]

In February 1978, Blondie released their second studio album Plastic Letters. It was their last album produced by Richard Gottehrer whose sound had formed the basis of Blondie's new wave and punk output.[3] During a tour of the west coast of the US in support of Plastic Letters, Blondie encountered Australian producer Mike Chapman in California. Peter Leeds, Blondie's manager, conspired with Chrysalis Records to encourage Chapman to work with Blondie on new music. Drummer Clem Burke recalls feeling enthusiastic about the proposition, believing Chapman could create innovative and eclectic records. However, lead vocalist Debbie Harry was far less enthusiastic about Chapman's involvement as she only knew him by reputation; according to Chapman, her animosity towards him was because "they were New York. [He] was L.A.". Harry's cautiousness abated after she played Chapman early cuts of "Heart of Glass" and "Sunday Girl" and he was impressed.[4]

Recording[edit]

In June 1978 the band entered the Record Plant in New York to record their third album, and first with Chapman.[4] However, Chapman found the band difficult to work with, remembering them as the worst band he ever worked with in terms of musical ability. Although praising Frank Infante as "an amazing guitarist", sessions with Chris Stein were hampered by him being stoned during recording and Chapman encouraged him to write songs rather than play guitar. Similarly, according to Chapman, Jimmy Destri would prove himself to be far better at songwriting than as a keyboardist and Clem Burke had poor timing playing drums. As a result, Chapman spent time improving the band, especially with Stein whom Chapman spent hours with rerecording his parts to ensure they were right.[2] Bassist Nigel Harrison became so frustrated with Chapman's drive for perfectionism that he threw a $50,000 synthesizer at him during recording.[4] Chapman recalls the atmosphere at the Record Plant in an interview for Sound on Sound:

The Blondies were tough in the studio, real tough. None of them liked each other, except Chris and Debbie, and there was so much animosity. They were really, really juvenile in their approach to life—a classic New York underground rock band—and they didn't give a fuck about anything. They just wanted to have fun and didn't want to work too hard getting it.[2]

Chapman took an unorthodox approach when recording with Harry whom he describes as "a great singer and a great vocal stylist, with a beautifully identifiable voice. However...also very moody". Chapman was far more cautious of demanding much from Harry as he saw her as a highly emotional person who would vest these emotions in the songs they made. He remembers Harry disappearing into the bathroom in tears for several hours at a time during recording.[2] During a day of recording, Harry sang two lead parts and some harmonies, less work than she did so previously with Gottehrer. This was due to Chapman encouraging her to be cautious about the way she sang, particularly to recognise phrasing, timing and attitude.[4]

Blondie recorded Parallel Lines in six weeks, despite being given six months by Terry Ellis, co-founder of Chrysalis Records, to do so.[2][4] A traditional set-up was used and Chapman fitted Neumann microphones to the toms, snare and hi-hat, as well as several above the site. When recording, Chapman would start with the basic track, which was difficult to record at the time by way of "pencil erasing". Chapman explained in an interview for Sound on Sound, "that meant using a pencil to hold the tape away from the head and erasing up to the kick drum. If a bass part was ahead of the kick, you could erase it so that it sounded like it was on top of the kick. That's very easy to do these days, but back then it was quite a procedure just to get the bottom end sounding nice and tight." A DI/amp method was used to record Harrison's bass and Destri's synthesizer, while Shure SM57 and AKG 414 microphones were used to capture Infante's Les Paul guitar.[2]

After the basic track was complete, Chapman would record lead and backing vocals with Harry. However, this process was hampered by many songs not being written in time for the vocals to be recorded. "Sunday Girl", "Picture This" and "One Way Or Another" were all unfinished during the rehearsals of Parallel Lines. When recording vocal parts, Chapman remembers asking Harry if she was ready to sing, only for her to reply "Yeah, just a minute" as she was still writing lyrics down. Chapman notes that many "classic" songs from the album were created this way.[2]

During the last session at the Record Plant, the band were asleep on the floor only to be awakened at six o'clock in the morning by Mike Chapman and his engineer Peter Coleman leaving for Los Angeles with the tape tracks.[4] Despite Blondie's belief that Parallel Lines would resonate with a wider audience, Chrysalis Records were not as enthusiastic and label executives told them to start again, only to be dissuaded by Chapman's assurance that its singles would prove popular.

Parallel Lines took its name from an unused track written by Harry, the lyrics of which were included in the first vinyl edition of the album. The cover sleeve image was photographed by Edo Bertoglio and was chosen by Blondie's manager, Peter Leeds, despite being rejected by the band. The photo shows the band posing in matching dress suits and smiling broadly in contrast to Harry who poses defiantly with her hands on her hips while wearing a white dress and high heels.[4]

Music and lyrics[edit]

According to music journalist Robert Christgau, Parallel Lines was pop rock album in which Blondie achieved their "synthesis of the Dixie Cups and the Electric Prunes".[5] Its style of "state-of-the-art pop/rock circa 1978", as AllMusic's William Ruhlmann described it, showed Blondie deviating from new wave and emerging as "a pure pop band."[6] Ken Tucker believed the band had eschewed the "brooding artiness" of their previous albums for more hooks and pop-oriented songs.[7] Chapman later said, "I didn't make a punk album or a New Wave album with Blondie. I made a pop album."[8] The album's eleven pop songs have refined melodics, and its sole disco song, "Heart of Glass", features jittery keyboards, rustling cymbals by drummer Clem Burke, and a circular rhythm.[9] Burke credited Kraftwerk and the soundtrack to the film Saturday Night Fever as influences for the song and said that he was "trying to get that groove that the drummer for the Bee Gees had".[10]

Lyrically, Parallel Lines abandoned what Rolling Stone magazine's Arion Berger called the "cartoonish postmodernist referencing" of Blondie's previous new wave songs in favor of a "romantic fatalism" that was new for the band.[9] "Sunday Girl" deals with the theme of teen loneliness, while "Fade Away and Radiate" is about falling in love with dead movie stars. On the latter song, Debbie Harry, who daydreamed as a child that Marilyn Monroe was her birth mother, compares a flickering image onscreen to the light of a dying sun. Music critic Rob Sheffield said that the lyric "dusty frames that still arrive / die in 1955" is the "best lyric in any rock'n'roll song, ever, and it's still the ultimate statement of a band that always found some pleasure worth exploiting in the flashy and the temporary."[11]

Release and reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Retrospective reviews
Review scores
Source Rating
AllMusic 5/5 stars[12]
Blender 5/5 stars[13]
Christgau's Record Guide A[14]
Entertainment Weekly B[15]
Q 4/5 stars[16]
Rolling Stone 4.5/5 stars[9]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide 4.5/5 stars[17]
Slant Magazine 4.5/5 stars[18]
Spin Alternative Record Guide 10/10[19]

Parallel Lines became an international success when it was released in September 1978 by Chrysalis Records.[20] In a contemporary review for The Village Voice, Christgau said although Blondie still could not write a perfect hit single, the record was a consistent improvement over Plastic Letters.[5] He wrote in retrospect for Blender that it was "a perfect album in 1978" and remained so with "every song memorable, distinct, well-shaped and over before you get antsy. Never again did singer Deborah Harry, mastermind Chris Stein and their able four-man cohort nail the band's signature paradoxes with such unfailing flair: lowbrow class, tender sarcasm, pop rock."[21] Darryl Easlea from BBC, who felt the record combined power pop and new wave styles, credited Mike Chapman's production and flair for pop songwriting for helping make Parallel Lines an extremely popular album in the United Kingdom, where it was a number-one hit and charted for 106 weeks during the late 1970s.[22] Q magazine called the album "a crossover smash with sparkling guitar sounds, terrific hooks and middle-eights more memorable than some groups' choruses."[16]

In a review of post-punk albums from the 1970s, Spin magazine's Sasha Frere-Jones said Parallel Lines may have been "the perfect pop-rock record" and Blondie's best album,[23] while Christian John Wikane from PopMatters called it "a creative and commercial masterpiece by Blondie ... indisputably one of the great, classic albums of the rock and roll era."[24] In the opinion of Pitchfork Media critic Scott Plagenhoef, the album popularized "the look and sound of 1980s new wave" with classic songs that showcased the depth and complexity of Harry's sexuality and singing.[25] Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine was also impressed by her singing, which he felt varied from "purring like a kitten and then building to a mean growl", and cited "Heart of Glass" as the album's best track because of her "honey-dipped vocal".[18]

Parallel Lines was ranked at number 140 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time,[10] number 18 and 45 on NME's 100 Best Albums of All Time[26] and 500 Greatest Albums of All Time[27][28] respectively, and number 7 on Blender's 100 Greatest American Albums of All Time.[29] Rolling Stone wrote that the album was "where punk and New Wave broke through to a mass U.S. audience".[10] The album was also ranked at number 94 by Channel 4's list of 100 greatest albums of all time.[30]

Marketing[edit]

Parallel Lines contains several of Blondie's best-known hits, including "Heart of Glass", "Hanging on the Telephone", "Sunday Girl" and "One Way or Another". Six of the twelve tracks were issued as singles, either in the US or the UK. It is notable that the original album version of "Heart of Glass" was replaced with the longer disco version on pressings of the album from March 1979 onward. However, the original surfaced on some later reissue editions.

The album was reissued and remastered in 2001 along with Blondie's back catalog and featured four bonus tracks: a 1978 demo of "Heart of Glass", live cover of T. Rex's song "Bang a Gong (Get It On)" and two live tracks taken from Picture This Live live album.[31]

30th Anniversary Collector's Edition[edit]

On June 24, 2008, an expanded 30th Anniversary Edition of the album was released,[32] which featured new artwork[33] and bonus tracks along with bonus DVD.[34] The liner notes once again featured lyrics to the unfinished "Parallel Lines" song. The Parallel Lines 30th Anniversary Edition included the 7" single version of "Heart of Glass", which was featured on the original pressing of the album, the French version of "Sunday Girl" and some remixes, plus a DVD with albums, promo videos and TV performance.

The band also launched a world tour of the same name to promote the re-release and celebrate the event.[35]

Track listing[edit]

Side one
No. Title Writer(s) Length
1. "Hanging on the Telephone" (The Nerves cover) Jack Lee 2:17
2. "One Way or Another"   Deborah Harry, Nigel Harrison 3:31
3. "Picture This"   Harry, Chris Stein, Jimmy Destri 2:53
4. "Fade Away and Radiate"   Stein 3:57
5. "Pretty Baby"   Harry, Stein 3:16
6. "I Know but I Don't Know"   Frank Infante 3:53
Side two
No. Title Writer(s) Length
7. "11:59"   Destri 3:19
8. "Will Anything Happen?"   Jack Lee 2:55
9. "Sunday Girl"   Stein 3:01
10. "Heart of Glass"   Harry, Stein 3:54
11. "I'm Gonna Love You Too" (Buddy Holly cover) Joe B. Mauldin, Niki Sullivan, Norman Petty 2:03
12. "Just Go Away"   Harry 3:21

Notes[edit]

  • The album version of "Heart of Glass" was replaced with the disco version (5:50 minutes long) on pressings of the album from March 1979 onward. The original length version of "Heart of Glass" appeared on the original US CD release in 1985 Chrysalis VK 41192 [later F2 21192] although the CD artwork proclaimed it was 'Disco Version'. Later editions of the Capitol disc had the mistake removed from the inlay but it remained on the disc until its deletion. 1994 DCC Compact Classics Gold CD release [Capitol Special Markets USA] GSZ 1062 features original version (3.45) with 5'50 version as a bonus track – this edition also featured booklet with full song lyrics. Chrysalis through EMI/Toshiba in Japan issued Parallel Lines with a mini LP card sleeve in 2006 - notable for its reproduction inner sleeve complete with lyrics and Chrysalis Records label on the actual disc.
  • A promotional CD of the album was given away free with the British newspaper The Mail on Sunday on December 5, 2010, including the bonus tracks "What I Heard" and "Girlie Girlie" from the band's 2011 album Panic of Girls.[36]

Personnel[edit]

Blondie
Additional personnel

Charts[edit]

Weekly charts[edit]

Singles[edit]

Year Title Chart positions Certifications
US US Dance AUS AUT BEL CAN GER IRL NLD NZ NOR SWE SWI UK
1978 "Picture This" 88 13 15 12
"I'm Gonna Love You Too" 3 6
"Hanging on the Telephone" 39 19 16 20 43 5
1979 "Heart of Glass" 1 58 1 1 5 1 1 2 8 1 5 3 1 1
"Sunday Girl" 1 5 23 6 1 13 48 5 18 5 1
"One Way or Another" 24 7 98

"One Way Or Another" was not released as a single in the United Kingdom, but charted on download sales alone in 2013.

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Canada (Music Canada)[51] 4× Platinum 400,000^
United Kingdom (BPI)[47] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[52] Platinum 1,000,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

Footnotes
  1. ^ Graff, Gary (May 20, 2008). "Blondie Celebrating 30th Birthday Of 'Parallel Lines'". billboard.com. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Buskin, Richard (June 2008). "Blondie 'Hanging on the Telephone'". Sound on Sound. Retrieved July 1, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Blondie - Plastic Letters [Vinyl, LB Album - Greece]". Discogs. Retrieved July 1, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g D. Porter; K. Needs (June 26, 2012). Blondie: Parallel Lives (1 ed.). Omnibus Press. 
  5. ^ a b Christgau, Robert (October 30, 1978). "Consumer Guide". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Parallel Lines – Blondie : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved July 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ Tucker, Ken (November 3, 1982). "Parallel Lines". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media. Retrieved July 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Bangs 1980, p. 62.
  9. ^ a b c Berger, Arion (June 8, 2000). "Blondie: Parallel Lines". Rolling Stone. New York: 129. Archived from the original on April 1, 2007. Retrieved July 25, 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c "500 Greatest Albums of All Time: Parallel Lines – Blondie". Rolling Stone. New York. November 2003. Archived from the original on December 20, 2010. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  11. ^ Sheffield, Rob; et al. (January 1995). "Spins". Spin. New York: 73–4. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  12. ^ Ruhlmann, William. "Parallel Lines – Blondie". AllMusic. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  13. ^ Weiner, Jonah. "Blondie: Parallel Lines". Blender. New York. Archived from the original on August 18, 2004. Retrieved July 25, 2016. 
  14. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "Blondie". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the '70s. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0306804093. 
  15. ^ "Blondie: Parallel Lines". Entertainment Weekly. New York: 85. September 21, 2001. 
  16. ^ a b "Blondie: Parallel Lines". Q. London (182): 143. October 2001. 
  17. ^ Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian, eds. (2004). The New Rolling Stone Album Guide. Simon & Schuster. pp. 85–86. ISBN 0-7432-0169-8. 
  18. ^ a b Cinquemani, Sal (October 7, 2003). "Blondie: Parallel Lines". Slant Magazine. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  19. ^ Weisbard, Eric; Marks, Craig, eds. (1995). "Blondie". Spin Alternative Record Guide. New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 0-679-75574-8. 
  20. ^ "Blondie". AllMusic. Retrieved March 16, 2016. 
  21. ^ Christgau, Robert (September 2008). "Blondie: Parallel Lines". Blender. New York. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  22. ^ Easlea, Darryl. "Blondie Parallel Lines Review". BBC. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  23. ^ Frere-Jones, Sasha (November 2001). "Destination Unknown". Spin. New York: 137. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  24. ^ Wikane, Christian John (July 3, 2008). "Blondie: Parallel Lines". PopMatters. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  25. ^ Plagenhoef, Scott (August 1, 2008). "Blondie: Parallel Lines: Deluxe Edition". Pitchfork. Retrieved July 9, 2012. 
  26. ^ "2003 NME 's Writers - AllTime Top 100 Albums". timepieces.nl. March 2003. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  27. ^ "The 500 Greatest Albums of all time: 100-1". nme.com. October 25, 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  28. ^ "NME: The 500 Greatest Albums Of All Time: October 2013". rocklistmusic.co.uk. October 2013. Retrieved February 22, 2014. 
  29. ^ "100 Greatest American Albums of All Time". blender.com. Alpha Media Group. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Radiohead top C4 albums poll". Channel 4. musicweek.com. April 18, 2005. Retrieved January 13, 2014. 
  31. ^ "Parallel Lines [album]". deborah-harry.com. Retrieved February 4, 2014. 
  32. ^ "Blondie Celebrating 30th Birthday Of 'Parallel Lines'". billboard.com. May 20, 2008. Retrieved February 4, 2014. 
  33. ^ "'Parallel Lines' 30th Anniversary collector's edition artwork". deborah-harry.com. Retrieved February 4, 2014. [dead link]
  34. ^ "'Parallel Lines' 30th anniversary collector's edition press release (May 2008)". deborah-harry.com. Retrieved February 4, 2014. 
  35. ^ "Blondie To Fete 'Parallel Lines' 30th Anniversary With Tour, Reissue". billboard.com. May 7, 2008. Retrieved January 31, 2014. 
  36. ^ "Free download of "Mother" now available!". blondie.net. December 5, 2010. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  37. ^ "Blondie – Parallel Lines". austriancharts.at (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved July 25, 2011. 
  38. ^ "100 Albums". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. 31 (7). May 12, 1979. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Blondie – Parallel Lines". dutchcharts.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  40. ^ "German Charts > Blondie > Parallel Lines" (in German). charts.de PhonoNet. Retrieved June 19, 2013. 
  41. ^ "Blondie – Parallel Lines". charts.org.nz. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  42. ^ "Blondie – Parallel Lines". norwegiancharts.com. Retrieved July 25, 2011. 
  43. ^ "Blondie – Parallel Lines". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  44. ^ "Blondie – Parallel Lines". chartstats.com. Archived from the original on October 26, 2012. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  45. ^ "Parallel Lines – Blondie : Awards". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  46. ^ "Canadian 1979 Top 100 Albums". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved January 30, 2014. 
  47. ^ a b c d e "BPI – Certified Awards Search". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved September 21, 2013.  Note: User needs to enter "Blondie" in the "Keywords" field, "Artist" in the "Search by" field and click the "Search" button. Select "More >>" next to the relevant entry to see full certification history.
  48. ^ "RIAA - Gold & Platinum - November 28, 2008". Riaa.com. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  49. ^ "Certified Awards Search". Music Canada. Retrieved on August 29, 2011. Note: User needs to enter "Blondie" in the "Search" field, "Artist" in the "Search by" field and click the "Go" button. Select "More info" next to the relevant entry to see full certification history.
  50. ^ "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Blondie)". Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved June 30, 2014. 
  51. ^ "Gold and Platinum Search". musiccanada.com. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
  52. ^ "Searchable Database". riaa.com. Retrieved July 11, 2012. 
Bibliography

External links[edit]