Parameshwara (God)

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Parameshwara or Parameshvara; Parameshwar or Parameshvar means the Supreme God. It is transliterated from the Sanskrit word, ईश्वर [1] (Pronunciation: īśvára). It refers to the sole Deity in Monotheism.[2] The word "Param" meaning the highest is added to Ishvara to intensify the title of God.

Etymology[edit]

The word "Parameshvara" is a compound word formed by joining three words Parama + Ish + Vara. The word 'Parama' means 'Supreme'. The word 'Ish' (Isha) means 'The Ruler, Master or Owner'. The word 'Vara' means 'The Best, The Noblest or The Excellent'. Thus the word Parameshvara literally means 'The Excellent Supreme Ruler or Master'. Similarly, the word Maheshvara (Maha + Ishvara) means 'The Great Master or The Excellent Ruler'. Similarly, Lord Shiva is also called 'Mahesha' (Maha + Isha) which also means 'The Great Lord or Master'. In Shaivism all these words are synonymous to "Lord Shiva".

Conceptualization[edit]

Same as Absolute Reality or Absolute Truth (See Para Brahman). The term Parameshvara (Supreme Lord) is used specifically indicate The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is also the “Supreme Controller”. And yet it is common that in many Vedic Scriptures the term Ishvara is used as a short form for Parameshvara. According to Shaiva Puranas and Siddhantas, Lord Shiva is Parameshvara. According to Bible translations into Hindi and Urdu, the Supreme Lord who loved the world and gave his only son so that whoever believes in him may have eternal life, as it is written in John 3:16, is Parameshwara. Also note that the term Maheshvara is also used as a synonym to denote "Lord Shiva".

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