|Formerly||ViacomCBS Inc. (2019–2022)|
|Founded||December 4, 2019|
|Headquarters||One Astor Plaza, Manhattan, |
New York City, U.S.
|Revenue||US$30.15 billion (2022)|
|US$2.342 billion (2022)|
|US$1.104 billion (2022)|
|Total assets||US$58.39 billion (2022)|
|Total equity||US$23.04 billion (2022)|
|Owner||National Amusements (9.7% equity, 79.9% voting power)|
Berkshire Hathaway (15.4%)
Number of employees
|24,500 (December 2022)|
|Footnotes / references|
Paramount Global[a] (doing business as Paramount) is an American multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate controlled by National Amusements and headquartered at One Astor Plaza in Midtown Manhattan in New York City. The company was formed on December 4, 2019, as ViacomCBS Inc. through the merger of the second incarnations of CBS Corporation and Viacom (which were split from the original Viacom on December 31, 2005). The company changed its name to Paramount Global on February 16, 2022, the day after its Q4 earnings presentation.
Paramount's main properties include the namesake Paramount Pictures film and television studio, the CBS Entertainment Group (consisting of the CBS and CW television networks, television stations, BET Networks (who owns the BET and VH1 channels, among others), and other CBS-branded assets), media networks (consisting of U.S.-based cable television networks including MTV, Nickelodeon, Comedy Central, CMT, Paramount Network, and Showtime) and the company's streaming services (including Paramount+, Showtime OTT and Pluto TV). It also has an international division that manages international versions of its pay TV networks, as well as region-specific assets including Argentina's Telefe, Chile's Chilevisión, India's Colors, the United Kingdom's Channel 5 and Australia's Network 10. The division also owned a 30% stake in the Rainbow S.p.A. studio until 2023.
Paramount Pictures, CBS, and Viacom each had a history of being associated with one another through a series of various corporate mergers and splits. Paramount Pictures was founded in 1912 as the Famous Players Film Company. CBS was founded in 1927, which Paramount Pictures held a 49 percent ownership stake in from 1929 to 1932. In 1952, CBS formed CBS Television Film Sales, a division which handled syndication rights for CBS's library of network-owned television series. This division was renamed CBS Films in 1958, again renamed CBS Enterprises Inc. in January 1968, and finally renamed Viacom (an acronym of Video and Audio Communications) in 1970. In 1971, this syndication division was spun off amid new FCC rules forbidding television networks from owning syndication companies (these rules were eventually abolished completely in 1993). In 1985, Viacom purchased MTV Networks and Showtime/The Movie Channel Inc. from Warner Communications and American Express. In 1987, Viacom was acquired by theater operator company National Amusements.
Meanwhile, Paramount Pictures was acquired by Gulf and Western Industries in 1966, which then re-branded itself as Paramount Communications in 1989. Viacom then purchased Paramount Communications in 1994.
In 1999, Viacom made its biggest acquisition to date by announcing plans to merge with its former parent CBS Corporation (the renamed Westinghouse Electric Corporation, which had merged with CBS in 1995). The merger was completed in 2000, resulting in CBS reuniting with its former syndication division. On December 31, 2005, Viacom was split into two companies: CBS Corporation, the former's corporate successor and the spun-off Viacom company.
|1912||Famous Players Film Company is founded by Adolph Zukor|
|1913||Lasky Feature Play Company is founded by Jesse Lasky|
|1914||Paramount Pictures is founded as a film distributor by W. W. Hodkinson|
|1916||Famous Players & Lasky merge as Famous Players–Lasky and acquire Paramount.|
|1920||Group W forms with the launch of KDKA-AM|
|1927||CBS is founded; Famous Players–Lasky assumes Paramount name|
|1929||Paramount buys 49% of CBS|
|1932||Paramount sells back shares of CBS.|
|1950||Desilu is founded & CBS distributes its television programs|
|1952||CBS creates the CBS Television Film Sales division|
|1958||CBS Television Film Sales renamed to CBS Films|
|1966||Gulf+Western buys Paramount|
|1968||Gulf+Western acquires Desilu and renames it Paramount Television; CBS Films becomes CBS Enterprises|
|1970||CBS Enterprises renamed to Viacom|
|1971||Viacom is spun off from CBS as a separate company|
|1985||Viacom buys full ownership of Showtime & MTV Networks|
|1986||National Amusements buys Viacom|
|1989||Gulf+Western renamed to Paramount Communications|
|1994||Viacom acquires Paramount Communications|
|1995||Westinghouse buys CBS|
|1997||Westinghouse renamed to CBS Corporation|
|2000||Viacom buys CBS Corporation|
|2001||Viacom buys BET Networks|
|2005||Viacom splits into second CBS Corporation and Viacom|
|2019||CBS Corporation and Viacom re-merge to form ViacomCBS|
|2022||ViacomCBS changes its name to Paramount Global|
On September 29, 2016, National Amusements, the parent company of CBS Corporation and Viacom, wrote to Viacom and CBS encouraging the two companies to merge back into one company. On December 12, the deal was called off.
On January 12, 2018, CNBC reported that Viacom had re-entered talks to merge back into CBS Corporation, after the merger of AT&T-Time Warner and Disney's proposed acquisition of most of 21st Century Fox's assets were announced. Viacom and CBS also faced heavy competition from companies such as Netflix and Amazon. Shortly afterward, it was reported that the combined company could be a suitor for acquiring the film studio Lionsgate. Viacom and Lionsgate were both interested in acquiring The Weinstein Company (TWC). Following the Weinstein effect, Viacom was listed as one of 22 potential buyers that were interested in acquiring TWC. They lost the bid, and on March 1, 2018, it was announced that Maria Contreras-Sweet would acquire all of TWC's assets for $500 million. Lantern Capital would later acquire the studio.
On March 30, 2018, CBS made an all-stock offer slightly below Viacom's market value, insisting that its existing leadership, including long-time chairman and CEO Les Moonves, oversee the re-combined company. Viacom rejected the offer as too low, requesting a $2.8 billion increase and that Bob Bakish be maintained as president and COO under Moonves. These conflicts had resulted from Shari Redstone seeking more control over CBS and its leadership.
Eventually, on May 14, 2018, CBS Corporation sued its and Viacom's parent company National Amusements and accused Redstone of abusing her voting power in the company and forcing a merger that was not supported by it or Viacom. CBS also accused Redstone of discouraging Verizon Communications from acquiring it, which could have been beneficial to its shareholders.
On May 23, 2018, Les Moonves explained that he considered the Viacom channels to be an "albatross," and while he favored more content for CBS All Access, he believed that there were better deals for CBS than the Viacom deal, such as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), Lionsgate, or Sony Pictures. Moonves also considered Bakish a threat because he did not want an ally of Shari Redstone as a board member of the combined company.
On September 9, 2018, Les Moonves exited CBS following multiple accusations of sexual assault. National Amusements agreed to not propose a CBS-Viacom merger for at least two years after the date of the settlement.
On May 30, 2019, CNBC reported that CBS Corporation and Viacom would explore merger discussions in mid-June 2019. CBS's board of directors was revamped with people who were open to merging; the re-merger was made possible with the resignation of Moonves, who had opposed all merger attempts. The talks had started following rumors of CBS acquiring Starz from Lionsgate. Reports said that CBS and Viacom reportedly set August 8 as an informal deadline for reaching an agreement to recombine the two media companies. CBS announced to acquire Viacom as part of the re-merger deal for up to $15.4 billion.
On August 2, 2019, it was reported that CBS and Viacom agreed to merge back into one entity, with both companies agreeing on the management team for the merger. Bob Bakish would serve as CEO of the combined company with the president and acting CEO of CBS, Joseph Ianniello, overseeing CBS-branded assets. On August 7, 2019, CBS and Viacom separately reported their quarterly earnings as the talks about the re-merger continued.
On August 13, 2019, CBS and Viacom officially announced their merger; the combined company was to be named ViacomCBS, with Shari Redstone serving as chair. Upon the merger agreement, Viacom and CBS jointly announced that the transaction is expected to close by the end of 2019, pending regulatory and shareholder approvals. The merger required approval by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC).
On October 28, 2019, the merger was approved by National Amusements, which then announced the deal would close in early December; the recombined company trades its shares on Nasdaq under the symbols "VIAC" and "VIACA" after CBS Corporation delisted its shares on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).
On November 25, 2019, Viacom and CBS announced the merger would close on December 4 and begin trading on NASDAQ on the next day. On December 4, 2019, Bakish confirmed that the ViacomCBS merger had closed.
On December 10, 2019, days after the merger, Bakish announced that ViacomCBS would look to divest Black Rock, the building that held CBS's headquarters since 1964. He stated, "Black Rock is not an asset we need to own and we believe that money would be put to better use elsewhere." On December 20, 2019, ViacomCBS agreed to acquire a 49% minority stake in film studio Miramax from beIN Media Group for $379 million. As part of the purchase, Paramount Pictures reached a long-term deal for exclusive distribution rights to its library, and first-look agreements to co-develop new film and television projects based on Miramax-owned properties.
On March 2, 2020, executive vice president Dana McClintock announced that he would depart the company after 27 years in CBS Communications. On March 4, the company announced plans to potentially sell its Simon & Schuster publishing unit, with Bakish arguing that it lacked a "significant connection for our broader business."
On June 19, 2020, Jaime Ondarza, formerly the senior vice president of Turner Broadcasting South Europe and Africa, became the new head of ViacomCBS Networks International for France, Spain, Italy, the Middle East, Greece, and Turkey.
On August 4, 2020, ViacomCBS announced that the company's connected video advertising platform, EyeQ, is set to launch in fall 2020.
On September 14, 2020, ViacomCBS announced an agreement to sell the CBSi-owned CNET Media Group to Red Ventures for $500 million. The deal included the eponymous CNET tech site, as well as ZDNet, GameSpot, the TV Guide digital assets, Metacritic, and Chowhound. The deal closed on October 30, 2020.
On November 17, 2020, various news outlets reported that companies such as Vivendi, Bertelsmann's Penguin Random House and News Corp's HarperCollins had considered acquiring Simon & Schuster for as much as $1.7 billion. ViacomCBS had expected the bids to be placed before November 26. On November 25, 2020, Penguin Random House agreed to purchase Simon & Schuster for $2.175 billion; however, the deal was blocked two years later by U.S. federal judge Florence Y. Pan. On August 16, 2021, ViacomCBS announced that they had agreed to sell the CBS Building to the real estate investment and management firm Harbor Group International for $760 million, leasing the space back under a short-term lease. On September 28, 2021, ViacomCBS announced that they had agreed to partner with software and data firm VideoAmp. On October 28, 2021, ViacomCBS announced that they had agreed to acquire a majority stake in the Spanish-language content producer TeleColombia & Estudios TeleMexico. On November 30, 2021, ViacomCBS announced that they had agreed to sell the CBS Studio Center to Hackman Capital Partners and Square Mile Capital Management for $1.85 billion.
On January 5, 2022, The Wall Street Journal reported that ViacomCBS and WarnerMedia (whose then-owner AT&T was selling it to Discovery to form Warner Bros. Discovery) were exploring a possible sale of either a majority stake or all of The CW, and that Nexstar Media Group (which became The CW's largest affiliate group when it acquired former WB co-owner Tribune Broadcasting in 2019) was considered a leading bidder. The news led to speculation that, should a sale take place, new ownership could steer the network in a new direction, transforming The CW from a young adult-oriented network into one that featured more unscripted and even national news programming. However, reports also indicated that ViacomCBS and WarnerMedia could include a contractual commitment that would require any new owner to buy new programming from those companies, allowing them to reap some continual revenue through the network. Network president/CEO Mark Pedowitz confirmed talks of a potential sale in a memo to CW staffers, but added that "It's too early to speculate what might happen" and that the network "must continue to do what we do best."
On February 15, 2022, during a presentation to investors, ViacomCBS announced that it would change its name to Paramount Global beginning the following day; in a memo to staff announcing the change, it was stated that the rebranding was intended to leverage the "iconic global name", and would "reflect who we are, what we aspire to be, and all that we stand for." The company primarily does business as simply "Paramount". In May 2022, Berkshire Hathaway acquired a 15.4% stake in the company for $2.6 billion.
On August 15, Nexstar confirmed it had "entered into a definitive agreement" to acquire a 75% majority share in The CW; the remaining 25% would be shared equally by Paramount and WBD. Additionally, Nexstar indicated that Mark Pedowitz would remain the network's chairman and CEO and have "responsibility for day-to-day operations. Though no monetary terms were announced, Nexstar reportedly would not pay any cash or stock upfront and would absorb approximately $100 million of network debt. As the sale does not entail the transfer of any FCC broadcast licenses (unlike the "Big Four" networks, The CW does not directly own any of its affiliates), no regulatory approvals are required, only customary financial closing conditions expected to be cleared in Nexstar's fiscal third quarter, i.e. by the start of October 2022; as such, Nexstar immediately took operational control of the network on August 15. On October 3, it was officially announced Nexstar closed the deal to acquire the majority ownership of The CW, and that longtime CEO Mark Pedowitz would be stepping down, planning to revive his production company Pine Street Entertainment. Dennis Miller would take Pedowitz's role as president of The CW. On May 5, 2023, Paramount's CBS News and Stations unit announced that it would convert its eight CW affiliates to independent stations on September 1, per the Nexstar purchase deal. On August 7, 2023, Paramount announced that it had agreed to sell Simon & Schuster to private equity firm KKR for $1.6 billion in cash.
Paramount Global comprises six major units:
- Paramount Pictures Corporation as the company's namesake division focuses on theatrical film production and distribution, including film releases under the Paramount Animation and Paramount Players, and Republic Pictures labels in addition to the flagship Paramount Pictures label, as well as producing television shows through Paramount Television Studios. Paramount Global Content Distribution focuses on the global distribution and licensing of programs produced by Paramount production studios. Paramount Digital Studios consists of digital online and video internet properties including Awesomeness (a media and entertainment company overseen by its co-founder Brian Robbins, also an executive for both the film studio and TV media networks, as of November 2019).
- CBS Entertainment Group consists of CBS-branded assets including the CBS television network, CBS News and Stations, CBS Sports, CBS Studios, CBS Media Ventures, and Big Ticket Television. It also has a 12.5% ownership in The CW Television Network. In addition, the group consists of BET Networks, which contains premium cable television channels including the flagship service BET and VH1.
- Paramount Media Networks encompasses the pay television channels owned by Paramount in the United States such as MTV, Nickelodeon, Showtime, Comedy Central, TV Land, Paramount Network, Logo, CMT, Pop TV, Smithsonian Channel, The Movie Channel and Flix, as well as controlling its production facilities for the listed channels above, including Nickelodeon Animation Studio and MTV Entertainment Studios.
- Paramount Streaming focuses on the global over-the-top streaming services that encompasses Paramount+, Pluto TV, Showtime, SkyShowtime (50% with Comcast (through Sky Group)), CBS News, CBS Sports HQ, BET+ and Noggin.
- Paramount Consumer Products and Experiences focuses on the retailing and licensing of merchandising for Paramount-owned brands. It consist of Paramount Consumer Products (which holds VidCon, a multi-genre online video conference) and some theme parks.
- Paramount International Networks encompasses certain international versions of their television channels split into three regional hubs: United Kingdom and Australia, Europe, Middle East, Africa and Asia (EMEAA), and the Americas, as well as region-specific networks (such as Channel 5 in the United Kingdom, Network 10 in Australia, Telefe in Argentina and Chilevisión in Chile), owning other businesses in a percentage stake (such as 13.01% of Viacom18), From 2011 until 2023, the division owned a 30% stake in the Rainbow S.p.A. studio in Italy. It also co-owns all CBS-branded channels across Europe with AMC Networks International.
- "2021 Proxy Statement". ViacomCBS, Inc. Archived from the original on March 26, 2022. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
- Li, Yun (May 26, 2023). "Paramount pops after Buffett's favorite banker makes 'interesting' bet in media giant's key shareholder". CNBC. Retrieved August 8, 2023.
- "SEC Filing – ViacomCBS Inc". ViacomCBS. Archived from the original on July 18, 2020. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
- "Paramount Global Annual Report (Form 10-K)". SEC.gov. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. February 16, 2023. Archived from the original on February 16, 2023. Retrieved February 16, 2023.
- "Delaware Corporate Entity Search". Archived from the original on September 21, 2015. Retrieved April 29, 2023.
- Goldsmith, Jill (February 15, 2022). "ViacomCBS To Rebrand, New Name Is 'Paramount'". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on February 15, 2022. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
- "CBS and Viacom Reveal December Merger Date". November 25, 2019. Archived from the original on November 29, 2019. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
- Baccardax, Martin (February 16, 2022). "ViacomCBS Stock Plunges After Q4 Earnings Miss, Paramount Name Change". TheStreet. Archived from the original on February 17, 2022. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
- Roxborough, Scott; Brzeski, Patrick (May 24, 2021). "Why Local-Language Adaptations Are the Next Round of Remakes". The Hollywood Reporter.
ViacomCBS counts Argentina's Telefe and producer Iginio Straffi's Italian TV shingle Rainbow, in which it has a 30 percent stake, among its global assets.
- "ViacomCBS | Company Profile". Vault. Archived from the original on April 16, 2021. Retrieved March 30, 2021.
- Spencer, Samuel (February 16, 2022). "Did Paramount Buy ViacomCBS? The Reason Behind the Company's Name Change". Newsweek. Archived from the original on June 27, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
- Abel, Richard (1994). The Ciné Goes to Town: French Cinema, 1896–1914. University of California Press. p. 10. ISBN 0-520-07936-1.
- Laurence Bergreen (1980). Look Now, Pay Later: The Rise of Network Broadcasting. New York City: Doubleday and Co. p. 61. ISBN 978-0-451-61966-2.
- Erik Barnouw (1966). A Tower in Babel: A History of Broadcasting in the United States to 1933. New York City: Oxford University Press. p. 261. ISBN 978-0-19-500474-8.
- D. Croteau; W. Hoynes (2006). The Business of Media: Corporate Media and the Public Interest. Thousand Oaks, California: Pine Forge Press. pp. 100–101.
- Fabrikant, Geraldine (September 17, 1986). "Viacom Chief Leads Group's Buyout Bid". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 30, 2021. Retrieved January 23, 2021.
In November 1985, Viacom acquired MTV for $326 million in cash and warrants. One-third of MTV was publicly owned; the rest was owned by Warner Communications and the American Express Company. At the same time, Viacom bought 50 percent of Showtime, the pay television service, that it did not already own for $184 million.
- "Viacom Inc. has acquired Viacom International Inc". Los Angeles Times. June 10, 1987. Archived from the original on June 15, 2023. Retrieved June 15, 2023.
- Williams, Linda (April 10, 1989). "Gulf & Western Wants Buyer for Finance Division: Paramount's Parent Plans to Change Name, Focus on Entertainment, Publishing". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 26, 2013.
- "CBS And Viacom Complete Merger". CBS News. April 26, 2000. Archived from the original on October 20, 2020. Retrieved March 30, 2021.
- Szalai, George (September 29, 2016). "National Amusements Proposes Viacom, CBS Reunion, Cites "Substantial Synergies"". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 15, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2016.
- "Shari Redstone withdraws CBS-Viacom merger proposal". CNBC. December 12, 2016. Archived from the original on October 1, 2017. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Wang, Christine (January 12, 2018). "Viacom, CBS shares surge after report Shari Redstone pursuing merge of companies". CNBC. Archived from the original on January 13, 2018. Retrieved January 12, 2018.
- Busch, Anita; Chmielewski, Anita (January 17, 2019). "Lionsgate Ripe For Takeover As Amazon, Verizon and CBS-Viacom Emerge As Potential Suitors". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 13, 2019. Retrieved January 19, 2018.
- "Weinstein Co Talking to 22 Buyers, $300 Million Expected Price, Bob Weinstein Must Exit". The Wrap. October 26, 2017. Archived from the original on November 23, 2017. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
- Ryan Faughnder (March 1, 2018). "Former Obama administration official has reached a deal to buy Weinstein Co. assets". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 2, 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- Chmielewski, Dawn (March 2, 2018). "TWC Board, New York AG Confirm Maria Contreras-Sweet Group Has Acquired Weinstein Company Assets". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on March 2, 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
- "Moonves vs. Redstone: Inside the Poisonous War for Control of CBS and Viacom". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 11, 2018. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- Littleton, Cynthia (April 11, 2018). "Could CBS-Viacom Strife Cause Leslie Moonves to Walk Away?". Variety. Archived from the original on April 12, 2018. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- "CBS Sues Redstones' Firm in Escalation of Longstanding Fight". Bloomberg L.P. May 14, 2018. Archived from the original on May 15, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- Chmielewski, Dawn C. (May 14, 2018). "National Amusements Fires Back at CBS Suit, Says It's "Outraged" By Allegations". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on May 14, 2018. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
- Chmielewski, Dawn C. (May 14, 2018). "Verizon Expressed Interest in Acquiring CBS Before Viacom Talks Heated Up". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on May 27, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2018.
- Bond, Paul (May 23, 2018). "Behind Leslie Moonves' Crusade to Save CBS From Viacom". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 17, 2022. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
- Parker, Ryan (September 9, 2018). "Leslie Moonves Exits CBS After Being Accused of Sex Crimes, Violence by More Women". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 16, 2022. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
- James, Meg (May 30, 2019). "CBS and Viacom merger negotiations expected to resume". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 1, 2019. Retrieved June 2, 2019.
- Munson, Ben (July 16, 2019). "CBS, Viacom set early August deadline for re-merger agreement – report". FierceVideo. Archived from the original on July 20, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- Littleton, Synthia (July 19, 2019). "CBS, Viacom Boards Wrestle With Post-Merger Management Decisions, Ending COO Role (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Archived from the original on July 31, 2019. Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- Bond, Paul; Szalai, Georg (July 19, 2019). "Shari Redstone's Vision of a Merged CBS-Viacom Begins to Take Shape". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on July 31, 2019. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
- "CBS, Viacom Reach Tentative Deal on Team to Lead Combined Company". The Wall Street Journal. August 2, 2019. Archived from the original on March 9, 2021. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
- Lafayette, Jon (August 7, 2019). "CBS-Viacom Deal Won't Make Deadline". Broadcasting & Cable. Archived from the original on February 16, 2022. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
- Bouma, Luke (August 7, 2019). "CBS & Viacom's Merger Announcement is Reportedly Delayed as Talks Continue". Cord Cutters News. Archived from the original on October 13, 2020. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Gasparino, Charles; Moynihan, Lydia (August 13, 2019). "CBS, Viacom agree to merge, forming a $28B entertainment firm". Fox Business. Archived from the original on March 11, 2021. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
- Szalai, George; Bond, Paul; Vlessing, Etan (August 13, 2019). "CBS, Viacom Strike Deal to Recombine". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 16, 2022. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
- "CBS and Viacom To Combine" (PDF). CBS. August 12, 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 13, 2019. Retrieved December 1, 2019.
- Steinberg, Brian (October 28, 2019). "Viacom, CBS Set to Merge in Early December". Variety. Archived from the original on October 28, 2019. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
- Weprin, Alex (October 29, 2019). "Viacom-CBS Merger Now Expected to Close in 'Early December'". Billboard. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
- "CBS Corporation and Viacom Inc. Announce Expected Closing Date of Merger". businesswire.com. November 25, 2019. Archived from the original on November 30, 2019. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
- "CBS and Viacom Reveal December Merger Date – Mark Your Calendars". November 25, 2019. Archived from the original on November 29, 2019. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
- Weprin, Alex (December 4, 2019). "Bob Bakish's Memo to ViacomCBS Staff: Merger "A Historic Moment"". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 25, 2022. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
- Weprin, Alex (December 9, 2019). "CBS' Historic New York Headquarters to Be Sold". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 17, 2022. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
- Szalai, Georg (December 20, 2019). "ViacomCBS to acquire 49 percent stake in Miramax for $375 million". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 17, 2022. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
- Patten, Dominic (March 2, 2020). "CBS Communications Chief Dana McClintock To Exit This Summer After 27 Years At Company". Deadline. Archived from the original on July 2, 2020. Retrieved March 3, 2020.
- Baysinger, Tim (March 4, 2020). "ViacomCBS to Sell Publisher Simon and Schuster". TheWrap. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
- "ViacomCBS hires former Turner exec Jaime Ondarza for Europe role". TBI Vision. June 19, 2020. Archived from the original on October 6, 2020. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
- Hayes, Dade (August 4, 2020). "ViacomCBS Sets Launch Of EyeQ, A Comprehensive Offering For Advertisers". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on September 23, 2020. Retrieved August 4, 2020.
- Hayes (September 14, 2020). "Red Ventures acquires CNET Media Group from ViacomCBS for $500M". TechCrunch. Archived from the original on February 28, 2021. Retrieved September 14, 2020.
- Mullin, Benjamin (September 14, 2020). "WSJ News Exclusive | ViacomCBS to Sell CNET to Red Ventures for $500 Million". The Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Archived from the original on October 10, 2020. Retrieved September 15, 2020.
- "Red Ventures Announces Closing of Acquisition of CNET Media Group". PR Newswire. October 30, 2020. Archived from the original on June 8, 2021. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
- Goldsmith, Jill (November 17, 2020). "Simon & Schuster Bids Due by Thanksgiving; News Corp., Bertelsmann, Vivendi Contenders for ViacomCBS Publisher". Deadline. Archived from the original on November 26, 2020. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
- Whitten, Sarah (November 25, 2020). "ViacomCBS Sells Simon & Schuster to Penguin Random House for $2 billion". CNBC. Archived from the original on November 25, 2020. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
- Alter, Alexandra; Harris, Elizabeth A. (October 31, 2022). "Judge Blocks a Merger of Big Publishers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on November 22, 2022. Retrieved November 22, 2022.
- Goldsmith, Jill (August 16, 2021). "ViacomCBS Sells Black Rock Building In Midtown Manhattan To Harbor Group For $760 Million". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 16, 2021. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
- Hayes, Dade (September 28, 2021). "ViacomCBS Teams With VideoAmp To Explore Alternative TV Ad Currency". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on September 28, 2021. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
- Goldsmith, Jill (October 28, 2021). "ViacomCBS Buys Majority Stake In Spanish Content Producer Fox TeleColombia & Estudios TeleMexico". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on October 28, 2021. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
- Spangler, Todd (November 30, 2021). "ViacomCBS to Sell Iconic CBS Studio Center for $1.85 Billion". Variety. Archived from the original on November 30, 2021. Retrieved November 30, 2021.
- Flint, Joe (January 5, 2022). "WarnerMedia and ViacomCBS Are Exploring Possible Sale of CW Network". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on January 6, 2022. Retrieved January 6, 2022.
- Weprin, Alex; Goldberg, Lesley (January 12, 2022). "Will The CW Be a Streaming Wars Casualty?". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
- Farley, Ashley (January 13, 2022). "REPORT: The CW's Potential Sale May Kill Its Original Programming". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on January 14, 2022. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
- Goldberg, Lesley; Weprin, Alex (January 6, 2022). "ViacomCBS and WarnerMedia Exploring Sale of The CW". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on January 6, 2022. Retrieved January 9, 2022.
- Andreeva, Nellie (January 6, 2022). "The CW CEO Mark Pedowitz Confirms WarnerMedia & ViacomCBS Exploring "Strategic Opportunities" As Majority Stake In Network Is Shopped With Nexstar Among Suitors" As Majority Stake In Network Is Shopped With Nexstar Among Suitors – Update". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on January 6, 2022. Retrieved January 6, 2022.
- Littleton, Cynthia (February 15, 2022). "Goodbye Viacom and CBS: ViacomCBS Changes Corporate Name to Paramount". Variety. Archived from the original on February 15, 2022. Retrieved February 15, 2022.
- Murphy, J. Kim; Littleton, Cynthia (May 16, 2022). "Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway Acquires Small Stake in Paramount Global". Variety. Archived from the original on May 17, 2022. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
- Hayes, Dade (August 15, 2022). "The CW Will Be A Profitable Network By 2025, With Broader And Cheaper Programming, New Owners At Nexstar Signal". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 15, 2022. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
- Nieto, Phillip (August 15, 2022). "Nexstar Media purchases 75% of CW Network from Warner Bros Discovery and Paramount". Fox Business. Archived from the original on August 15, 2022. Retrieved August 15, 2022.
- Steinberg, Brian (October 3, 2022). "Mark Pedowitz Will Leave CW Amid Nexstar Acquisition". Variety. Archived from the original on October 3, 2022. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
- Andreeva, Nellie (October 3, 2022). "Mark Pedowitz's Farewell Message To The CW Staff: "May All Of You Continue To Dare To Defy The Naysayers"". Deadline. Archived from the original on October 3, 2022. Retrieved October 3, 2022.
- Rice, Lynette (May 5, 2023). "Eight CBS Stations To Ditch CW And Go Independent This Fall". Deadline. Archived from the original on May 5, 2023. Retrieved June 15, 2023.
- Hayden, Erik (August 7, 2023). "After Blocked Deal, Paramount Sells Simon & Schuster to Private Equity Firm KKR for $1.62B". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved August 8, 2023.
- James, Meg (November 10, 2019). "Viacom reorganizes creative team in advance of CBS merger". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 2, 2021. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
- Corporation, C. B. S. "CBS Corporation Announces Launch Of CBS Experiences (CBSX), A New Live And Experiential Events Division". www.prnewswire.com (Press release). Retrieved September 19, 2023.
- "Bodhi Tree-Viacom18 deal: Why the new deal points towards Reliance's aggressive push in broadcasting business". Business Today. April 17, 2023. Archived from the original on May 8, 2023. Retrieved June 9, 2023.
- Vivarelli, Nick (February 4, 2011). "Viacom takes stake in Rainbow". Variety.
- Szalai, Georg (December 29, 2020). "How ViacomCBS Has Sharpened Its Focus on Streaming Via Deals". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 14, 2022. Retrieved February 16, 2022.
- Official website
- Business data for Paramount Global Class A:
- Business data for Paramount Global Class B: