Paranormal Activity (film series)

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Paranormal Activity
Paranormal Activity logo.jpg
Directed byOren Peli (PA1)
Tod Williams (PA2)
Henry Joost and Ariel Schulman (PA3 and 4)
Christopher B. Landon (PA: TMO)
Gregory Plotkin (PA: TGD)
Produced byOren Peli (PA1-TGD)
Jason Blum (PA1-TGD)
Akiva Goldsman (PA2 and 3)
Steven Schneider (PA1, 3 and 4)
Written byOren Peli (PA1)
Michael R. Perry (PA2)
Christopher B. Landon (PA2, 3, 4 and TMO)
Tom Pabst (PA2)
Jason Pagan (PA: TGD)
Andrew Stark (PA: TGD)
Adam Robitel (PA: TGD)
Gavin Heffernan (PA: TGD)
Distributed byParamount Pictures
Release date
2007 – present
Running time
520 minutes (theatrical)
575 minutes (unrated)
CountryUnited States
Budget$28.015 million
Box office$890.5 million

Paranormal Activity is an American supernatural horror franchise consisting of six films and additional media. Created by Oren Peli, the original film was widely released in 2007.

The films are based around a family haunted by a demon that stalks, terrifies and ultimately murders several members of the family and other bystanders during the course of the films. The series makes use of production cameras set up and used like security cameras or other recording devices in an attempt to present the films as found footage. The series has received overall mixed reviews across all films. The first and third films received generally positive critical reception, the second and fifth film received more lukewarm receptions, and the fourth and sixth received mostly negative receptions. The series is a strong financial success, making strong profits based on return on investment. The series as a whole has earned over thirty times the overall budget.

On June 19, 2019, Paramount announced that a seventh installment is in development.


Paranormal Activity (2007)[edit]

Set in October 2006, a young couple, Katie and Micah, who have recently moved to a new house in San Diego, California, are terrorized by a demon that Katie believes has been following her all her life. The film is designed to look like a found footage-styled film with Micah filming the activity in their house.

Paranormal Activity 2 (2010)[edit]

Set in August 2006, two months before the events of the first film, Katie's sister, Kristi, and her family, who reside in Carlsbad, California, experience strange activity after Kristi's baby son, Hunter, is born. The film uses security cameras and, in some scenes, a hand-held camera to film the activity in the house.

Paranormal Activity 3 (2011)[edit]

Set in 1988, it focuses on a younger Katie and Kristi, who live with their mother, Julie, and Julie's boyfriend, Dennis, in Santa Rosa, California, as they encounter "Tobi" the demon for the first time. Concerned, Dennis decides to set up a few cameras around the house, one of which is attached to a small oscillating fan that moves the camera back and forth. The film also uses a hand-held camera.

Paranormal Activity 4 (2012)[edit]

Set in November 2011, the film focuses on Alex Nelson and her family residing in a neighborhood in Henderson, Nevada. The family began to experience hauntings, concerning Alex's adopted brother, Wyatt, after Katie and her mysterious son, Robbie, move in across the street. Alex is helped by her boyfriend, Ben, to film the activity via MacBook webcams, Video camera, iPhone camera and Kinect technology. "Tobi" is mentioned once in the film.

Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones (2014)[edit]

Set in June 2012, the film follows a Latino community in Oxnard, California, where a group of high school graduates deal with the demon of a mysterious cult which has "marked" one of them. They document their experiences using basic tools of recording and with clues from the previous films to try to understand what is happening to them. The Marked Ones is the last film in the series to feature Katie Featherston.

Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension (2015)[edit]

Set in 2013, the film follows the Fleeges, a family of three who, after having relocated to a house in Santa Rosa, California, discover several tapes that show Katie and Kristi in the midst of their initiation ritual to enter a demonic coven 25 years before. The family begins to be haunted by the demon when the daughter, Leila, is targeted as she was born on the same date as Hunter from Paranormal Activity 2. Along with normal recorders, the family also discovers a unique video recorder that can show supernatural happenings, which they use to record the increasing paranormal activities.

Untitled seventh film (2021)[edit]

On June 19, 2019, Paramount announced that a seventh installment is in development.[1] On November 7, 2019, it was announced that the seventh film will be released on March 19, 2021.[2]

Japanese film[edit]

Paranormal Activity 2: Tokyo Night (2010)[edit]

A Japanese Paranormal Activity sequel was released in 2010. It follows Haruka Yamano, who was in a car accident that broke her legs. She stayed home with her brother while their father was away as strange activity started happening in the house. It is later revealed that Haruka killed the possessed Katie in the car accident, causing the demon to transfer to her.

Cast and crew[edit]


Character Films Japanese film
Paranormal Activity Paranormal Activity 2 Paranormal Activity 3 Paranormal Activity 4 Paranormal Activity:
The Marked Ones
Paranormal Activity:
The Ghost Dimension
Paranormal Activity 2:
Tokyo Night
2007 2010 2011 2012 2014 2015 2010
Katie Katie Featherston Katie Featherston Katie Featherston Katie Featherston Chloe Csengery Katie Featherston
(archive footage)
Chloe Csengery
Chloe Csengery
Tobi Unseen Mark Steger Unseen
Micah Micah Sloat Micah Sloat Micah Sloat
(archive footage)
Kristi Rey Sprague Grayden Sprague Grayden Archive footage, uncredited Jessica Tyler Brown
Jessica Tyler Brown
Daniel Rey Brian Boland
Ali Rey Molly Ephraim Molly Ephraim
Hunter Rey
Wyatt Nelson
Jackson Xenia Prieto
William Juan Prieto
Aiden Lovekamp
William Juan Prieto
(toddler, archive footage, uncredited)
Aiden Lovekamp
Martine Vivis Cortez
Dennis Chris Smith Archive footage, uncredited
Julie Lauren Bittner Archive footage, uncredited
Lois Hallie Foote Hallie Foote
Hallie Foote
Randy Rosen Dustin Ingram
Lisa Johanna Braddy
Alex Nelson Kathryn Newton
Ben Matt Shively
Robbie Brady Allen
Doug Nelson Stephen Dunham
Holly Nelson Alexondra Lee
Jesse Arista Andrew Jacobs
Hector Estrella Jorge Diaz
Marisol Vargas Gabrielle Walsh
Irma Arista Renée Victor
Arturo Lopez Richard Cabral
Ryan Fleege Chris J. Murray
Emily Fleege Brit Shaw
Mike Fleege Dan Gill
Leila Fleege Ivy George
Skyler Olivia Taylor Dudley
Koichi Yamano Aoi Nakamura
Haruka Yamano Noriko Aoyama
Shigeyuki Yamano Kazuyoshi Tsumura
Jun Nagoshi Kōsuke Kujirai
Mai Yaguchi Maaya Morinaga
Misuzu Kure Ayako Yoshitani


Crew Films
Paranormal Activity Paranormal Activity 2 Paranormal Activity 3 Paranormal Activity 4 Paranormal Activity:
The Marked Ones
Paranormal Activity:
The Ghost Dimension
2007 2010 2011 2012 2014 2015
Director Oren Peli Tod Williams Henry Joost
Ariel Schulman
Christopher Landon Gregory Plotkin
Producer(s) Jason Blum
Oren Peli
Akiva Goldsman
Jason Blum
Oren Peli
Steven Schneider
Jason Blum
Oren Peli
Jason Blum
Oren Peli
Writer(s) Oren Peli Christopher B. Landon
Michael R. Perry
Tom Pabst
Christopher B. Landon Adam Robitel
Andrew Stark
Jason Pagan
Gavin Heffernan
Editor Gregory Plotkin Michel Aller
Cinematography Michael Simmonds Magdalena Gorka Doug Emmett Gonzalo Amat John Rutland
Production company Blumhouse Productions
Distributor Paramount Pictures



First-time director Oren Peli had been afraid of ghosts his whole life, even fearing the comedy film Ghostbusters, but intended to channel that fear into something positive and productive. Peli took a year to prepare his own house for shooting, going so far as to repaint the walls, add furniture, put in a carpet, and build a stairwell. In this time, he also did extensive research into paranormal phenomena and demonology, stating, "We wanted to be as truthful as we could be." The decision to make the supernatural entity in the story a demon was a result of the research pointing to the most malevolent and violent entities being "demons". The phenomena in the film take place largely at night—the vulnerability of being asleep, Peli reasoned, taps into a human being's most primal fear, stating, "If something is lurking in your home there's not much you can do about it." Attempting to focus on believability rather than action and gore, Peli chose to shoot the picture with a home video camera. In deciding on a more raw and stationary format (the camera was almost always sitting on a tripod or something else) and eliminating the need for a camera crew, a "higher degree of plausibility" was created for the audience and they were "more invested in the story and the characters". Peli says that the dialogue was "natural" because there was no real script. Instead, the actors were given outlines of the story and situations to improvise, a technique known as "retroscripting" used in the making of The Blair Witch Project. In casting the movie, Peli auditioned "a few hundred people" before finally meeting Katie Featherston and Micah Sloat. He originally auditioned them individually and later called them back to audition together. Peli was impressed with the chemistry between the actors, saying, "If you saw the footage, you would've thought they had known each other for years." During a guest appearance on The Jay Leno Show on November 3, 2009, Sloat and Featherston explained they each saw the casting call on LACasting. Featherston noted they were originally paid $500 for their work. The film was shot out of sequence due to Peli's self-imposed seven-day shooting schedule, though Peli would have preferred the story unfold for the actors as he had envisioned it. Sloat, who controlled the camera for a good deal of the film, was a former cameraman at his university's TV station. "It was a very intense week", Peli recalled, stating that the film would be shot day and night, edited at the same time, and would have the visual effects applied to it as the acting footage was being finalized.

Paramount and DreamWorks hired screenwriter Michael R. Perry to create Paranormal Activity 2. Oren Peli, the director of the first film, served as a producer for this prequel. Kevin Greutert, director of Saw VI, was initially hired to direct the prequel; however, Lions Gate Entertainment exercised a clause in Greutert's contract to have him direct the final film in the Saw film series. Both of the actors from the first film, Katie Featherston and Micah Sloat, reprise their roles in the prequel. Tod "Kip" Williams directed Paranormal Activity 2, which started production in May 2010 and was released in October the same year.

Paranormal Activity 3 and 4 were directed by Henry Joost and Ariel Schulman, documentary filmmakers who were well known for their feature debut Catfish. Production on the third entry began in June, 2011, with a release October 21 of the same year. Filming for the fourth film commenced in June, 2012, with a release of October 19.

A Latin American-themed fifth film, Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones was released on January 3, 2014. Oren Peli, the creator of the franchise, returned to produce the film, while Christopher B. Landon, a screenwriter who had worked on the prior three entries in the series, served as the writer and director.

The sixth and final film in the series, Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension,[3] was announced to be released on October 25, 2013.[4] However, in August 2013, the release date was pushed back to October 24, 2014.[5] On September 17, 2014, the film's title was finalized and the release date was set on March 27, 2015,[6] later changed to October 23, 2015.[3] In September 2013, it was confirmed that Gregory Plotkin, a film editor who had edited every release in the series since Paranormal Activity 2, would make his directorial debut with the fifth film.[7][8] Oren Peli, the creator of the franchise, and Jason Blum would return to produce the fifth film. In late September 2013, Paramount hired Almanac writers Jason Pagan and Andrew Stark to write the screenplay.[9] Though series writer Christopher B. Landon said that several sequels would follow The Ghost Dimension to wrap up the story,[10] producer Jason Blum later confirmed that the film would indeed be the last in the series.[11] He said:

"It’s coming to an end. This is it, the finale. We’re saying it before the movie opens. We’re not going to grind this horror franchise into the ground. This will keep Paranormal Activity as part of this culture and this particular time in a really fantastic way… All the questions that everyone has asked from the past ‘Paranormal Activity’ films: What does Toby look like? What’s the backstory to the families? These questions have been teased out. Now they will be answered."

A seventh film was later announced to be in development.


Box office performance[edit]

Film Release date Box office gross Box office ranking Budget Ref.
North America Other territories Worldwide All time
North America
All time
Paranormal Activity October 14, 2007 $107,918,810 $85,436,990 $193,355,800 #486 $15,000 [12]
Paranormal Activity 2 October 22, 2010 $84,752,907 $92,759,125 $177,512,032 #687 $3 million [13]
Paranormal Activity 3 October 21, 2011 $104,028,807 $103,011,037 $207,039,844 #514 #528 $5 million [14]
Paranormal Activity 4 October 19, 2012 $53,900,335 $88,917,657 $142,817,992 #1,253 $5 million [15]
Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones January 3, 2014 $32,462,372 $58,442,482 $90,904,854 #2,142 $5 million [16]
Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension October 23, 2015 $18,300,124 $60,603,000 $78,903,124 #3,288 $10 million [17]
Total $401,384,320 $432,715,006 $890,533,646 $28,015,000
List indicator(s)
  • A dark grey cell indicates the information is not available for the film.

Critical and public response[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore
Paranormal Activity 83% (203 reviews)[18] 68 (24 reviews)[19] N/A
Paranormal Activity 2 59% (135 reviews)[20] 53 (23 reviews)[21] B[22]
Paranormal Activity 3 67% (124 reviews)[23] 59 (25 reviews)[24] C+[22]
Paranormal Activity 4 24% (110 reviews)[25] 40 (22 reviews)[26] C[22]
Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones 39% (82 reviews)[27] 42 (19 reviews)[28] C-[22]
Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension 14% (76 reviews)[29] 30 (13 reviews)[30] C[22]

Other media[edit]

Video game[edit]

A video game called Paranormal Activity: The Lost Soul was released on August 15, 2017 for Microsoft Windows, PS4. The game was engineered for use VR and made use of the PlayStation VR for the PlayStation as well as Oculus Rift and HTC Vive for Windows, but VR was not required for play.[31] The game was nominated for "Best Sound Design for an Indie Game" at the 16th Annual Game Audio Network Guild Awards.[32]


  1. ^ McNary, Dave (June 19, 2019). "Paramount, Blumhouse Announce Seventh 'Paranormal Activity' Movie". Variety. Retrieved August 4, 2019.
  2. ^ "Paramount Sets 2021 Dates for 'Paranormal Activity' and 'My Little Pony' Films". November 7, 2019. Retrieved November 7, 2019.
  3. ^ a b Ge, Linda (January 27, 2015). "New 'Paranormal Activity,' 'Friday the 13th' Pushed Back; 'The Ring' Reboot Gets Release Date". TheWrap. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
  4. ^ Kilday, Gregg (November 20, 2012). "Paramount Sets Release Date for 'Paranormal Activity 5'". The Hollywood Reporter.
  5. ^ "Paramount Sets Dates for 'Paranormal Activity 5,' Retitled Latino Spin-Off". TheWrap. August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 9, 2013.
  6. ^ Lang, Brent (September 17, 2014). "'Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension' Moved to 2015". Variety. Retrieved September 17, 2014.
  7. ^ Chavez, Kellvin (September 27, 2013). "Gregory Plotkin to Direct 'Paranormal Activity 5'". Latino Review.
  8. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (September 26, 2013). "Gregory Plotkin Scares up Directing Debut on 'Paranormal 5.'". Retrieved September 26, 2013.
  9. ^ Kit, Borys (September 25, 2013). "'Paranormal Activity 5' Snags 'Almanac' Writers (Exclusive)". Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  10. ^ Lussier, Germain (January 6, 2014). "Exclusive: 'Paranormal Activity' Creators Have Planned an Ultimate Ending for the Series". /Film. Retrieved May 17, 2014.
  11. ^ "Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension Ends the Series". Slashfilm.
  12. ^ "Paranormal Activity (2007)". Box Office Mojo. IMDB, Inc.
  13. ^ "Paranormal Activity 2 (2010)". Box Office Mojo. IMDB, Inc.
  14. ^ "Paranormal Activity 3 (2011)". Box Office Mojo. IMDB, Inc.
  15. ^ "Paranormal Activity 4 (2012)". Box Office Mojo. IMDB, Inc.
  16. ^ "Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones". Box Office Mojo. IMDB, Inc.
  17. ^ "Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension". Box Office Mojo. IMDB, Inc.
  18. ^ "Paranormal Activity". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  19. ^ "Paranormal Activity Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
  20. ^ "Paranormal Activity 2". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  21. ^ "Paranormal Activity 2 Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
  22. ^ a b c d e "CinemaScore". CinemaScore. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  23. ^ "Paranormal Activity 3". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  24. ^ "Paranormal Activity 3 Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  25. ^ "Paranormal Activity 4". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  26. ^ "Paranormal Activity 4 Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
  27. ^ "Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  28. ^ "Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2014-01-03.
  29. ^ "Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  30. ^ "Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension Reviews". Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved 2015-10-24.
  31. ^ "'Paranormal Activity' VR Game Coming in 2016". Bloody Disgusting.
  32. ^ "2018 Awards". Game Audio Network Guild. Retrieved April 14, 2018.