Paraskev Stoyanov

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Paraskev Stoyanov
BASA-1001K-1-669-3-Paraskev Stoyanov.jpeg
Portrait of Paraskev
Native name Paraskev Ivanchov Stoyanov
Born (1871-01-30)January 30, 1871
Giurgiu, Romania
Died November 14, 1941(1941-11-14) (aged 70)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Residence Eastern Europe
Academic background
Influences Peter Kropotkin, Karl Marx, Errico Malatesta
Academic work
School or tradition Anarchist, Socialist

Paraskev Stoyanov (Bulgarian: Параскев Стоянов; Romanian: Paraschiv Stoian[1]) (January 30, 1871 – November 14, 1941) was a surgeon, anarchist, historian and professor. He is considered one of the fathers of Bulgarian and Romanian anarchism.[2]


The son of Ivancho Stoyanov, a Bulgarian active militant for national liberation from Roussé, and Gabriela von Walter, a German woman, Paraskev was born on January 30, 1871 in the city of Giurgiu, Romania, where his father had fled to escape persecution from the Ottomans.[3] Belonging to a wealthy environment, Paraskev Stoyanov enjoyed a solid education, he studied at Bucharest's "Saint Sava" high school and at medical universities in Romania, France and Switzerland. After primary school in Bucharest, he adhered to socialist ideas through high school, then to anarchism after reading Peter Kropotkin's pamphlet "An Appeal To The Young". Thus, in high school, he founded book clubs for students studying socialism and anarchism and began to spread anarchism among the workers in Romania, coming to be considered the "father" of anarchism in the country. He translated into Romanian Errico Malatesta's numerous pamphlets, including "For The Voters", "Between Peasants " and "Anarchy".

In 1890, he went to perfect his studies of medicine in Paris, and took part in an international conference of students and the publication of a libertarian manifesto with Italian libertarian socialist Francesco Saverio Merlino. Arrested the same day, then released on bail a few months later, he moved to Italy, then found refuge for a time in Switzerland, where he met the leading theorists of the anarchist movement: Peter Kropotkin and Élisée Reclus.

After graduating in medicine at Würzburg, Germany (1895), he became a professor of surgery in the first propaedeutics Medical Faculty in Sofia and wrote the first textbooks on surgery. In 1895, as a medical student, Stoyanov climbs Mt. Grand Combin, Switzerland, reaching 4318 m,[4] and was greeted by Aleko Konstantinov, who is considered a pioneer of Bulgarian alpinism.[5] This is the first documented ascent of a Bulgarian to a height greater than 4000 m.

Stoyanov lived and worked in Varna between 1905 and 1918. There he established the Children Sea Sanatorium for Tuberculosis of Bones and Joints which was the only one of its kind on the Balkan Peninsula. Originally it was located in inadequate sheds in the area of "Karantinata". In the sanatorium were admitted children from 3 to 15 years of age from all over Bulgaria with no differentiation in their social status. From all the children under treatment 95% either improved their condition or were fully recovered.[6] Prof. Dr. Stoyanov gained a worldwide recognition as one of the founders of Thalassotherapy (Seawater Therapy) and Heliotherapy (Sun Treatment). He urged persistently, "Bulgarians should turn to the sea and start using its values!" [7]

Today, the founder of Bulgarian surgery - Professor Dr. Paraskev is namesake of the Medical University of Varna[8] and Multi-profile Hospital for Active Treatment in Lovech.[9] Streets in Pomorie and Varna bear his name.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Anarhism şi Anarho-Sindicalism în România | I.A.S.R". Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  2. ^ "Paraskev Stoyanov - Anarcopedia". Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  3. ^ "STOYANOV, Paraskev - Dictionnaire international des militants anarchistes". Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  4. ^ "1-ви август на днешния ден преди години… | Алпийски Клуб Вихрен". Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  5. ^ Strnadel, L.; Erdley, P. (2012). Bulgaria (Other Places Travel Guide). Other Places Publishing. p. 100. ISBN 9780982261996. Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  6. ^ "Sts. Constantine and Elena - the first Bulgarian sea resort". Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  7. ^ "Bg University Education". Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  8. ^ "ABOUT US Why are we named after Prof. Dr. Paraskev Stoyanov?". Retrieved 2014-10-18.
  9. ^ "Lovech > Health care > Hospitals". Retrieved 2014-10-18.