Parasteatoda

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Parasteatoda
Achaearanea.ryukyu.female.2.-.tanikawa.jpg
female P. ryukyu
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Family: Theridiidae
Genus: Parasteatoda
Archer, 1946
Type species
Theridion tepidariorum
C. L. Koch, 1841
Species

see text

Diversity
c. 40 species
female P. tepidariorum

Parasteatoda is a genus of spiders in the Theridiidae (tangle web spider) family.

Description[edit]

Most species are mainly grayish brown to blackish brown, but some are bright orange.[1]

Distribution[edit]

This is mostly an Old World genus, with many species found in Asia and New Guinea, but reaching into Europe. A single species, P. tepidariorum is found in the New World, but P. tepidariorum australis can also be found in New Guinea, Myanmar and Pakistan.

Taxonomy[edit]

Many species in this genus were moved from Achaearanea during a major revision in 2008.[2]

Name[edit]

The genus name is combined from Ancient Greek para "beside, near" and the theridiid genus Steatoda. The Japanese name for this genus is O-himogumo zoku ("thread silk spider family").[1]

Species[edit]

female P. japonica
male P. japonica
female P. lunata

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Yoshida 2008
  2. ^ Platnick 2009

References[edit]

  • Yoshida, Hajime (2008): A revision of the genus Achaearanea (Araneae: Theridiidae). Acta Arachnologica 57(1): 37-40. doi:10.2476/asjaa.57.37
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2009): The world spider catalog, version 9.5. American Museum of Natural History.