Paratetralophodon

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Paratetralophodon
Temporal range: Late Miocene–Pliocene
Scientific classification
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Genus:
Paratetralophodon
Species
  • P. hasnotensis (Osborn, 1929) (type)
  • ?P. exoletus (Hopwood, 1935)

Paratetralophodon is an extinct genus of elephant from late Neogene deposits in India and China. Although usually classified in Gomphotheriidae, recent studies find it to be more closely related to modern elephants.[1][2][3]

Paratetralophodon hasnotensis, found in the Siwalik Hills of northern India, is the only unequivocal species in the genus, but the Far Eastern form "Tetralophodon" exoletus is tentatively considered referable to this genus based on similarities with P. hasnotensis, while specimens from Lantian, China, appear to represent an unnamed species of Paratetralophodon.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wang S., Shi Q., He W., Chen S. & Yang X. 2016. — A new species of the tetralophodont amebelodontine Konobelodon Lambert, 1990 (Proboscidea, Mammalia) from the Late Miocene of China. Geodiversitas 38 (1): 65-97. http:// dx.doi.org/10.5252/g2016n1a4
  2. ^ J. Shoshani and P. Tassy. 2005. Advances in proboscidean taxonomy & classification, anatomy & physiology, and ecology & behavior. Quaternary International 126-128:5-20
  3. ^ J. Shoshani and P. Tassy. 1996. Summary, conclusions, and a glimpse into the future. in J. Shoshani and P. Tassy, eds., The Proboscidea: Evolution and Palaeoecology of Elephants and Their Relatives 335-348
  4. ^ Shi-Qi Wang; Haruo Saegusa; Jaroon Duangkrayom; Wen He; Shan-Qin Chen (2017). "A new species of Tetralophodon from the Linxia Basin and the biostratigraphic significance of tetralophodont gomphotheres from the Upper Miocene of northern China". Palaeoworld. in press. doi:10.1016/j.palwor.2017.03.005.