Parathyroid artery

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The parathyroid artery is the blood vessel that carries blood to each of the parathyroid glands. The parathyroid artery is the single individual artery that provides oxygenated blood supply to the parathyroid glands.[1] While studies have concluded that most subjects' parathyoid glands are supplied by the thyroid arteries, up to 45% have been determined to have a "distinct anastomosing branch between the inferior and the superior thyroid arteries." Some have been shown to contain two are more parathroid arteries.[2]


  1. ^ Peter H., Jander; H. Peter Jander1 (October 1980). "The Parathyroid Artery" (PDF). Diethelm, Arnold G.; Russinovich, Nicholas A. E. American Journal of Roentgenology. Retrieved 13 December 2009. 
  2. ^ Nobori M; Saiki S; Tanaka N; Harihara Y; Shindo S; Fujimoto Y. (April 1994). "Blood supply of the parathyroid gland from the superior thyroid artery.". Surgery. U.S. National Library of Medicine: National Institutes of Health. 115 (4): 417–23. PMID 8165531.