Paray-le-Monial

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Paray-le-Monial
Hôtel de Ville in Paray-le-Monial
Hôtel de Ville in Paray-le-Monial
Coat of arms of Paray-le-Monial
Location of Paray-le-Monial
Paray-le-Monial is located in France
Paray-le-Monial
Paray-le-Monial
Paray-le-Monial is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Paray-le-Monial
Paray-le-Monial
Coordinates: 46°27′07″N 4°07′13″E / 46.4519°N 04.1203°E / 46.4519; 04.1203Coordinates: 46°27′07″N 4°07′13″E / 46.4519°N 04.1203°E / 46.4519; 04.1203
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentSaône-et-Loire
ArrondissementCharolles
CantonParay-le-Monial
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Jean-Marc Nesme[1]
Area
1
25.20 km2 (9.73 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
9,214
 • Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
71342 /71600
Elevation234–304 m (768–997 ft)
(avg. 245 m or 804 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Paray-le-Monial [pa.ʁɛ.lə.mɔn.jal] is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France. Since 2004 is Paray-le-Monial part of the Charolais-Brionnais Country.[3]

It is nicknamed the "city of the Sacred Heart" and its inhabitants are called Parodiens and Parodiennes.

Geography[edit]

Paray-le-Monial is located in the southwest of the Saône-et-Loire Département, in the heart of the Charolais countryside, in a plain bounded by the Brionnais upland, the rivers Loire, l'Arroux and the Bourbince.

The roughly parallel Bourbince River and the canal du Centre traverse the city from the southeast to the northwest.

Among the elements that form the city, as it has developed over its history, are the upland near the Bourbince River, the priory and basilica, a rectangular town center with very dense housing, national highway N79, which crosses the Bourbince River east and west of the town center, a newer part of town located north of the town center, the Bellevue residential area to the southwest, and several suburbs.[4]

History[edit]

Paray (Paredum; Parodium) existed before the monks who gave it its surname of Le Monial, for when Count Lambert of Chalon, together with his wife Adelaide and his friend Mayeul de Cluny, founded there in 973 the celebrated Benedictine priory,[5] the borough had already been constituted, with its ædiles and communal privileges. At that time an ancient temple was dedicated to the Mother of God (Charter of Paray). The Cluny monks were, 999–1789, lords of the town.

Main sights[edit]

Saint Nicolas' tower
Cloister

The town is mainly known for its Romanesque church of the Sacré-Coeur ("Sacred Heart") and as a place of pilgrimage. It was built from the 12th century as a small-scale version of the Abbey of Cluny. It was finished in the 14th century, while the cloister dates to the 18th century.

The Hôtel de Ville, in Renaissance style, is also one of the historical monuments.

Another major building in Paray-le-Monial, is Saint Nicolas' tower, built during the 16th century, which hosts different exhibitions but mainly mosaic exhibitions.

Economy[edit]

The area's primary industry is agriculture in particular beef cattle farming. The area is known for its charolais cattle.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns - Sister cities[edit]

Paray-le-Monial is twinned with:

Tourism[edit]

In the Southern Bourgogne-Franche-Comté area, you can see :

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Pays Charolais-brionnais".
  4. ^ Michel Bouillot, « Contribution à l'étude des plans des villes clunisiennes », article paru dans Mélanges d'histoire et d'archéologie offerts au professeur Kenneth John Conant par l'association Splendide Bourgogne, Éditions Bourgogne-Rhône-Alpes, Mâcon, 1977, pp 173-204.
  5. ^ Bouchard 2015, p. 265.
  6. ^ "Bethlehem Municipality". www.bethlehem-city.org. Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2009-10-10.

Sources[edit]

  • Bouchard, Constance Brittain (2015). Rewriting Saints and Ancestors: Memory and Forgetting in France, 500-1200. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Paray-le-Monial" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

External links[edit]