The basilica of Paray-le-Monial
|• Mayor (2001–2008)||Jean-Marc Nesme|
|25.20 km2 (9.73 sq mi)|
|• Density||380/km2 (990/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||234–304 m (768–997 ft) |
(avg. 245 m or 804 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
It is nicknamed the "city of the Sacred Heart" and its inhabitants are called Parodiens.
The river Bourbince flows northwestward through the commune and crosses the town.
Paray (Paredum; Parodium) existed before the monks who gave it its surname of Le Monial, for when Count Lambert of Chalon, together with his wife Adelaide and his friend Mayeul de Cluny, founded there in 973 the celebrated Benedictine priory, the borough had already been constituted, with its ædiles and communal privileges. At that time an ancient temple was dedicated to the Mother of God (Charter of Paray). The Cluny monks were, 999-1789, lords of the town.
The town is mainly known for its Romanesque church of the Sacré-Coeur ("Sacred Heart") and as a place of pilgrimage. It was built from the 12th century as a small-scale version of the Abbey of Cluny. It was finished in the 14th century, while the cloister dates to the 18th century.
The Hôtel de Ville, in Renaissance style, is also one of the historical monuments.
Another major building in Paray-le-Monial, is Saint Nicolas' tower, built during the 16th century, which hosts different exhibitions but mainly mosaic exhibitions.
The area's primary industry is agriculture in particular beef cattle farming. The area is known for its charollais cattle.
Paray-le-Monial was the birthplace of:
Twin towns - Sister cities
Paray-le-Monial is twinned with:
In Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, you can see :
- The Arboretum de Pézanin, one of the richest forest collection in France,
- The Rock of Solutré,
- The Cluny abbey, and its medieval city,
- Bouchard, Constance Brittain (2015). Rewriting Saints and Ancestors: Memory and Forgetting in France, 500-1200. University of Pennsylvania Press.
Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company..
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