Paray-le-Monial

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Paray-le-Monial
The basilica of Paray-le-Monial
The basilica of Paray-le-Monial
Coat of arms of Paray-le-Monial
Coat of arms
Location of Paray-le-Monial
Paray-le-Monial is located in France
Paray-le-Monial
Paray-le-Monial
Paray-le-Monial is located in Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
Paray-le-Monial
Paray-le-Monial
Coordinates: 46°27′07″N 4°07′13″E / 46.4519°N 04.1203°E / 46.4519; 04.1203Coordinates: 46°27′07″N 4°07′13″E / 46.4519°N 04.1203°E / 46.4519; 04.1203
CountryFrance
RegionBourgogne-Franche-Comté
DepartmentSaône-et-Loire
ArrondissementCharolles
CantonParay-le-Monial
IntercommunalityParay-le-Monial
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Jean-Marc Nesme
Area
1
25.20 km2 (9.73 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
9,630
 • Density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
71342 /71600
Elevation234–304 m (768–997 ft)
(avg. 245 m or 804 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
Hôtel de Ville (town hall)

Paray-le-Monial [pa.ʁɛ.lə.mɔn.jal] is a commune in the Saône-et-Loire department in the region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté in eastern France.

It is nicknamed the "city of the Sacred Heart" and its inhabitants are called Parodiens.

Geography[edit]

The river Bourbince flows northwestward through the commune and crosses the town.

History[edit]

Paray (Paredum; Parodium) existed before the monks who gave it its surname of Le Monial, for when Count Lambert of Chalon, together with his wife Adelaide and his friend Mayeul de Cluny, founded there in 973 the celebrated Benedictine priory,[2] the borough had already been constituted, with its ædiles and communal privileges. At that time an ancient temple was dedicated to the Mother of God (Charter of Paray). The Cluny monks were, 999-1789, lords of the town.

Main sights[edit]

Sacré-Coeur church.
Cloister.

The town is mainly known for its Romanesque church of the Sacré-Coeur ("Sacred Heart") and as a place of pilgrimage. It was built from the 12th century as a small-scale version of the Abbey of Cluny. It was finished in the 14th century, while the cloister dates to the 18th century.

The Hôtel de Ville, in Renaissance style, is also one of the historical monuments.

Another major building in Paray-le-Monial, is Saint Nicolas' tower, built during the 16th century, which hosts different exhibitions but mainly mosaic exhibitions.

Economy[edit]

The area's primary industry is agriculture in particular beef cattle farming. The area is known for its charollais cattle.

Notable people[edit]

Paray-le-Monial was the birthplace of:

Paray-le-Monial was also home to St. Margaret Mary Alacoque, where, in the Visitation convent, she had visions of the Sacred Heart of Jesus.

Twin towns - Sister cities[edit]

Paray-le-Monial is twinned with:

Tourism[edit]

In Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, you can see :

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Bouchard 2015, p. 265.
  3. ^ "Bethlehem Municipality". www.bethlehem-city.org. Archived from the original on 2010-07-24. Retrieved 2009-10-10.

Sources[edit]

  • Bouchard, Constance Brittain (2015). Rewriting Saints and Ancestors: Memory and Forgetting in France, 500-1200. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Paray-le-Monial" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

External links[edit]