|District of Maharashtra|
Location of Parbhani district in Maharashtra
|Administrative division||Aurangabad division|
|Tehsils||1. Parbhani, 2. Gangakhed, 3. Sonpeth, 4. Pathri, 5. Manwath, 6. Palam, 7. Sailu, 8. Jintur, 9. Purna|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||1. Parbhani, and part of Jalna District |
|• Assembly seats||4|
|• Total||6,511.58 km2 (2,514.14 sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||940|
|Major highways||NH 222|
Parbhani district, is one of the eight districts in the Marathawada region of Maharashtra state of India. Parbhani city is the headquarters of this district. Parbhani district is well known for religious tourism of Jainism, Hinduism, and Islam well.
From 1596 to 1724, major part of the present territory of the district was divided between Pathri and Washim sarkars of Berar Subah of the Mughal empire. In 1724, after the battle of Sakharkheda, it went under the Nizam's rule. Following the re-organization of the states in 1956, Parbhani along with the other districts of Marathwada became part of Bombay State. On 1 May 1960 when Maharashtra state was formed, it became a part of it.
Parbhani district lies between 18.45 and 20.10 North Latitudes and 76.13 and 77.39 East Longitude. The district is bounded on the north by Hingoli and Buldhana district. On the east by Nanded and Hingoli district, on the South by Latur and on the West by Beed and Jalna districts.
This entire Marathwada region, a district geographical region, was a part of Hyderabad State. After reorganization of states in 1956 it became a part of the then Bombay state and from 1960 onwards it is part of the present Maharashtra state.
The state capital of Mumbai is to the west; Parbhani is well connected by road to other major towns in Maharashtra and also in the neighboring state of Telangana. Parbhani is a major railway junction connecting Telangana with Marathwada.
In the northeast, on the boundary of Parbhani and Hingoli districts there is extension of Ajanta ranges called Nirmal Hills. The main river in the district is Godavari river, other rivers are Purna and Dudhana which are tributaries of Godavari. Major dams in Parbhani district are Yeldari dam which is on Purna river, Lower Dudhana dam is on Dudhana river, Mudgal barrage on Godavari river, Masoli Dam on Masoli river, and Karpara Dam on Karpara river.
Area and administrative divisions
Parbhani district covers an area of about 6250.58 km2. The district is divided into 9 administrative Sub-units (Tahsils), namely, Parbhani, Gangakhed, Sonpeth, Pathri, Manwath, Palam, Selu, Jintur, and Purna.
According to the 2011 census Parbhani district has a population of 1,835,982, roughly equal to the nation of Kosovo or the US state of Nebraska. This gives it a ranking of 259th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 295 inhabitants per square kilometre (760/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.18%. Parbhani has a sex ratio of 940 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 75.22%.
Salient physical features
The hills on the north east form part of the Ajanta Hill ranges which passes through Jintur Tahsil. The hills on the southern side are the Balaghat Hill ranges. The district is at an average height of 357 m from mean sea level.
Land of saints
Parbhani has been described as the land of saints, as several saints have been associated with Parbhani including Janabai from Gangakhed. The famous mathematician Bhaskarbhatt was from Bori in Parbhani district.
Selu town was home to Guru of Shri Sai Baba "Shri Babasaheb Maharaj". Sai Baba stayed with him for 12 years during which time he acquired knowledge from his Guru.
It is located on the bank of the Godavari river. A temple is in the midst of the river. The temple in the middle of the river flow and is more than nine hundred years old and same is written on stone script at the entrance. Temple on river bank and old ghat was built by "Ahilya Bai" 250 years back. Lord "Narasimha Swamy" has taken the form "Shivalinga" along with his wife "Mahalaxmi" and son "Moudgalya" and daughter-in-law "Jaabalabai". During rainy season the temple gets immersed in water. To have darshan one has to swim to the temple. Best time to visit is summer season i.e. from April to June. To reach the place one has to travel by train via "Parbhani" or "Parli Vaidyanath".
The temple used to be managed by Shri Sahebrao Mudgalkar and Shri Subhashrao Mudgalkar. The Shivaratri is celebrated here every year. All type of pujas are performed here. Nagbali and Sukhshanti pujas are very famous.
The new dam is constructed on the river. Recently a Dattatriya temple is constructed and murthy staphana is completed on 26 December 2012.
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