View of the Pardee Dam from downstream.
|Location||Sierra Nevada Foothills
Amador County, California
Calaveras County, California
|Operator(s)||East Bay Municipal Utility District|
|Dam and spillways|
|Height||345 ft (105 m)|
|Length||1,337 ft (408 m)|
|Total capacity||210,000 acre·ft (260,000,000 m3)|
|Catchment area||575 sq mi (1,490 km2)|
|Surface area||2,134 acres (864 ha)|
|Installed capacity||23.6 MW|
|Annual generation||105,290,000 KWh|
|U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Pardee Dam|
|Pardee Dam bridge|
|Carries||Pardee Dam Road|
|Width||16 ft (4.9 m)|
Pardee Dam is a 345-foot (105 m)-high structure across the Mokelumne River which marks the boundary between Amador and Calaveras Counties, located in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada approximately 30 miles (48 km) northeast of Stockton.
The impounded water forms Pardee Reservoir, the primary source of water for the East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) in the San Francisco Bay Area. Like all the reservoirs in the Sierra watershed, most of the water originates from the annual snowpack in the High Sierra. The reservoir normally covers 3 sq mi (7.8 km2) with a 215,000 acre·ft (265,000,000 m3) capacity and 37 miles of shoreline. California state law prohibits human body to water contact within Pardee Reservoir, so water skiers, jet skis, and lake swimmers are forbidden, but boating and fishing remain popular activities. The water is transported from Pardee Reservoir across the Central Valley via the triple steel pipe Mokelumne Aqueduct to several storage reservoirs located in the hills east of San Francisco Bay which supply drinking water to the East Bay region. The water is also used to generate electric power and for recreation.
Due to the many dams along the Mokelumne River, salmon runs that used to cross through to the present location of the Pardee Reservoir are stopped short in lower sections of the river. In the Fall of 2014, the fifth largest Chinook salmon count recorded in the past 74 years took place, with over 12,118 salmon. Below the dam lies a hatchery that is the result of a joint project with EBMUD and California Department of Fish and Wildlife. There, about a fourth of the returning salmon are collected and harvested for egg production. Along with raising the salmon, scientists work to manipulate river flow to encourage more salmon to return. During times of low water level, the fish are at risk of being drawn into water pumps that lead towards the south past the delta. To avoid this, scientists truck the baby salmon from the hatchery to Sherman Island in the delta. The goal of the hatchery is that the baby salmon will imprint to the water in the Mokelumne River and return when it is time for them to mate.
- List of dams and reservoirs in California
- List of lakes in California
- List of largest reservoirs of California
- List of the tallest dams in the United States
- Department of Water Resources (2009). "Station Meta Data: Pardee Dam (PAR)". California Data Exchange Center. State of California. Retrieved 2009-04-01.
- Columbia Gazetteer (2000), Archived March 18, 2005, at the Wayback Machine.
- EBMUD history
- Current Conditions, Pardee Reservoir, California Department of Water Resources
- St. Mary's Magazine
- "Bumper Run of River Salmon"
- "Build Dam In Record Time". Popular Science Monthly: 55. March 1930.
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. CA-168, "Pardee Dam, Mokulumne River, Valley Springs vicinity, Calaveras County, CA"
- HAER No. CA-168-A, "Pardee Dam, Powerhouse"
- HAER No. CA-168-B, "Pardee Dam, South Spillway"
- HAER No. CA-168-C, "Pardee Dam, Intake Tower"
- HAER No. CA-168-D, "Pardee Dam, Jackson Creek Spillway"