Pardus (operating system)

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Pardus
Pardus-tescil Linux logo.svg
Pardus 2011.1 Dama dama.png
Pardus 2011.1 Dama Dama
DeveloperScientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK)
OS familyLinux
Working stateCurrent
Source modelOpen source
Latest releasePardus 17.4[1] (November 3, 2018) [±]
Available inTurkish, English
Kernel typeMonolithic kernel
Default user interfaceKDE Plasma Desktop
LicenseVarious
Official websitewww.pardus.org.tr

Pardus is a Linux distribution developed with support from the Turkish government. Pardus' main focus is office-related work including the use in Turkish government agencies.[2] Despite that, Pardus ships in several languages. Its ease of use[3] and availability free of charge has spawned numerous communities throughout the world.[4]

Development[edit]

Pardus was started by Turkish National Research Institute of Electronics and Cryptology (UEKAE), a division of the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TÜBİTAK).

The first live CD version of Pardus was a fork of Gentoo Linux.[5] The current version is a fork of Debian.

Release history[edit]

Version Date Notes
Live CD 1.0 2005-02-04 Live CD-only fork of Gentoo with Linux kernel 2.6.10.[6]
Live CD 1.1 2005-05-05 Minor update.[7]
1.0 2005-12-26 First release that could be installed on hard drives. It included K Desktop Environment 3.5.0 , Linux kernel 2.6.14.4,[8]and PİSİ package management system.
2007[9][10] 2006-12-18 with K Desktop Environment 3.5.5 and Linux kernel 2.6.18.5.[8][11]
2007.1 2007-03-16 with K Desktop Environment 3.5.6 and Linux kernel 2.6.18.8.[8][12]
2007.2 2007-07-12 with K Desktop Environment 3.5.7 and Linux kernel 2.6.18.8.[8][13]
2007.3 2007-11-19 included the Linux 2.6.18.8 kernel, OpenOffice.org, internet tools (browser, e-mail, instant messaging, etc.), multimedia and graphics tools (video player, music player, etc.), games, and many other applications. COMAR (Configuration Manager for Pardus) is the configuration manager developed in-house, and Tasma is the custom K Desktop Environment system configuration tool.[8][14]
2008[15] 2008-06-27 with K Desktop Environment 3.5.9 and Linux kernel 2.6.10.[8][16]
2008.1 2008-09-15 included the Linux 2.6.25.16 kernel. K Desktop Environment has been updated to 3.5.10, along with other important infrastructure components: Python 2.5, Java 6, Mozilla Firefox 3.0.1, OpenOffice.org 2.4.1.[8][17]
2008.2 2009-01-31 with K Desktop Environment 3.5.10 and Linux kernel 2.6.25.9.[8][18]
2009[19][20][21] 2009-07-18 included the 2.6.30.1 kernel. Pardus 2009 used the KDE Plasma Desktop environment and included OpenOffice 3.1, Python 2.6.2, Mozilla Firefox 3.5, Gimp 2.6.6 and also applications like Kontact, Kopete, Kaffeine, K3b, and Amarok.[8][22]
2009.1[23][24] 2010-01-16 with KDE Plasma Desktop 4.3.4 and Linux kernel 2.6.31.11.[8][25]
2009.2[26] 2010-06-04 with KDE Plasma Desktop 4.4.4 and Linux kernel 2.6.31.13.[8][27]
2011[28][29][30] 2011-01-21 included the 2.6.37 kernel. Pardus 2011 comes with the latest KDE Software Compilation, KDE SC 4.5.5. The base packages also contains numerous backports and fixes which will improve the stability of your desktop experience significantly. Also included Clementine, K3b, Kontact, Kopete. Pardus 2011 came with Firefox 4.0 as the default browser.[31]
2011.1[32] 2011-07-12 included the Linux Kernel 2.6.37.6, KDE Plasma Desktop 4.6.5, LibreOffice 3.4.1.3, Mozilla Firefox Web Browser 5.0, Xorg 1.9.5, Gimp 2.6.11, Python 2.7.1, GCC 4.5.3, and Glibc 2.12. With this release numerous bugs have been fixed, 64-bit Skype and Wine packages are now in the 2011 stable repository, YALI has a System Rescue mode, and a 2009-2011 distribution upgrade interface was announced.[33]
2011.2[34] 2011-09-19 includes LibreOffice 3.4.3. Last release using PiSi package management system.[35]
2013 2013-03-27 first release based on Debian repository. TÜBİTAK-ULAKBİM announced that Pardus moved to Debian and will be a Debian-based distribution moving forward.[36][37]
17.0[38][39] 2017-07-06
17.1 2017-11-04 the new release offers three separate ISO images with distinct names that indicate the purpose - Xfce, DDE (Deepin Desktop Environment) and Server.[40]
17.2[1][41] 2018-03-03 LibreOffice updated to 6.0.1 version, fixing the navigation rectangle in Menu not following cursor, updated XFCE apps, fixed incorrect Turkish in XFCE apps, including package updates and security patches.

PiSi package management[edit]

PiSi (/ˈps/; Packages Installed Successfully as Intended; also a Turkish word meaning "kitty", intended as a pun on the distribution's name, which is derived from pardus, the species name of the leopard.) is a package management system that was developed for Pardus. It was used in the initial versions of the distribution, but abandoned in favor of APT since the project moved to Debian base. Pardus 2011.2, released on September 19, 2011, was the last Pardus release that used PiSi.

PiSi stores and handles dependencies for various packages, libraries, and COMAR tasks. Some features of PiSi include:[citation needed]

  • Uses the LZMA compression algorithm
  • Written in Python
  • Package sources are written in XML and Python
  • Database access implemented with Berkeley DB
  • Integrates low-level and high-level package operations (dependency resolution)
  • Framework approach to build applications and tools upon

A community fork of the old Pardus with PiSi package management exists, called PiSi Linux.[42][43][44] PiSi Linux's latest stable version is 1.2[45], and latest development version is 2.0 Beta 2.[46]

eopkg - the package manager of the Solus Linux project - is based on / derived from PiSi.

YALI[edit]

YALI (Yet Another Linux Installer) is the first Pardus software a user encounters. Basically, it recognizes the hardware and installs Pardus software from installation media (i.e. CD) to a user-selected hard disk partition. YALI can handle resizing of NTFS partitions found on the disk. YALI means "waterside mansion" in Turkish.

KAPTAN[edit]

KAPTAN is a desktop greeter, which starts at the first start. It allows a user to change the desktop theme, mouse, keyboard and language settings, date and time, KDE menus, wallpaper, Package Manager settings, smolt, number of desktops. The word Kaptan means 'captain' in Turkish.

Reception[edit]

Ladislav Bodnar, the creator of DistroWatch, wrote in his round-up of Linux/*nix in 2006 that Pardus is one of the distros he was most impressed by that year "... thanks to unique package management ideas, innovative start-up sequence and general desktop polish ..."[47]

Dmitri Popov, an author of Linux User & Developer, titled his review of Pardus 2011 Beta as the most exciting distro of the year.[48]

Social events and participation[edit]

Derivatives[edit]

Pardus Community Edition based on Debian released on April 12, 2013.[49]

Pisi Linux and Pardus-Anka projects forked from PİSİ based Pardus. A group of volunteers aim to continue PİSİ and other features of Pardus independently.[50][51]

Pisi Linux released two new versions. These versions are direct continuation of Pardus 2011.2 64bit edition, includes updated versions of Pisi, Kaptan etc.

Usage[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pardus 17.4 Sürümü Yayınlandı – Pardus
  2. ^ Sowe, Sulayman K. (2008-11-06). "A new kid on the block: The Turkish Pardus Linux Distribution". Open Source Observatory and Repository. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  3. ^ [1] Archived September 15, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ "Pardus-Wiki.org". En.pardus-wiki.org. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2015-02-26.
  5. ^ "Turkey's Pardus distro is easy to use". Linux.com. Retrieved 2015-02-26.
  6. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Live CD 1.0 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  7. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Live CD 1.1 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Pardus Linux". DistroWatch.com. Retrieved 2015-02-26.
  9. ^ Turkey's Pardus distro is easy to use | Linux.com | The source of Linux information
  10. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 185, 15 January 2007
  11. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Linux 2007 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  12. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Linux 2007.1 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  13. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Linux 2007.2 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  14. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Linux 2007.3 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  15. ^ Pardus 2008: A touch of refinement | Linux.com | The source of Linux information
  16. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Linux 2008 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  17. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Linux 2008.1 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  18. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Linux 2008.2 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  19. ^ Pardus Linux - An open-source Janissary, Dedoimedo
  20. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 315, 10 August 2009
  21. ^ Pardus 2009 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  22. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Linux 2009 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  23. ^ Pardus: A Linux distribution for the end user - gHacks Tech News
  24. ^ Pardus 2009.1 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  25. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Linux 2009.1 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  26. ^ Pardus 2009.2 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  27. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Linux 2009.2 (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  28. ^ DistroWatch Weekly, Issue 402, 25 April 2011
  29. ^ Pardus 2011 - Best KDE4 around, but could be better, Dedoimedo
  30. ^ Pardus 2011 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  31. ^ [2] Archived September 10, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  32. ^ Pardus 2011.1 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  33. ^ "Pardus 2011.1 Dama dama release notes". pardus.org.tr. 2011. Archived from the original (XHTML 1.0 Transitional/CSS3) on 2011-09-13. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  34. ^ Pardus 2011.2 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  35. ^ "[Pardus-devel] Pardus 2011.2 Cervus elaphus". Liste.pardus.org.tr. 2011-09-19. Archived from the original on 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  36. ^ "Distribution Release: Pardus Linux 2013 "Corporate" (DistroWatch.com News)". Distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2013-08-16.
  37. ^ [3] Archived April 9, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  38. ^ Pardus 17.0 Sürüm Notları – Pardus
  39. ^ Distribution Release: Pardus 17.0 (DistroWatch.com News)
  40. ^ DistroWatch. "Distribution Release: Pardus 17.1 (DistroWatch.com News)". distrowatch.com. Retrieved 2017-11-04.
  41. ^ Distribution Release: Pardus 17.2 (DistroWatch.com News)
  42. ^ DistroWatch.com: PiSi Linux
  43. ^ Pisi Linux 1.2 Xfce don't love me none, Dedoimedo
  44. ^ Pisi Linux 1.1 review | LinuxBSDos.com
  45. ^ Distribution Release: Pisi Linux 1.2 (DistroWatch.com News)
  46. ^ Development Release: Pisi Linux 2.0 Beta 2 (DistroWatch.com News)
  47. ^ Bodnar, Ladislav (2006-12-18). "Feature: Distributions in 2006". Distrowatch Weekly. Distrowatch (182). Retrieved 2011-10-14.
  48. ^ "Pardus 2011 Beta Review – the most exciting distro of the year? | Linux User & Developer - the Linux and FOSS mag for a GNU generation". Linuxuser.co.uk. 2011-01-22. Retrieved 2015-02-26.
  49. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-06-12. Retrieved 2015-07-02.
  50. ^ "Pisi Linux Team" (in Turkish). Turkey: Pisi Linux. 2013-03-09. Retrieved 2013-03-13.
  51. ^ "Reaching out to the Community". Turkey: Pardus-Anka. 2013-03-09. Archived from the original on 2013-04-15. Retrieved 2013-03-13.
  52. ^ a b c d "Pardus 2009 yolda" (in Turkish). Istanbul: Radikal. 2009-05-25. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
  53. ^ "MSB, Pardus ile 2 milyon dolar tasarruf etti" (in Turkish). 2009-04-14. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
  54. ^ "SGK, Pardus'a göç etmeye hazırlanıyor" (in Turkish). 2009-04-13. Retrieved 2009-04-13.

External links[edit]