|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (MCGM)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Mumbai South|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Worli |
The name Parel has its roots from the Parali Vaijanath Mahadev temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It was a Vidhan Sabha constituency of Maharashtra from 1962 to 2004. It was constituted into Shivadi constituency by the Delimitation of Parliament and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008.
Parel used to have a number of mills, but these have been replaced by new office developments.
Originally, Parel was a separate island, one of the Seven Islands of Bombay.
The Parel Relief or (Parel Shiva) is an important monolithic relief of the Hindu god Shiva in seven forms that is dated to the late Gupta period, in the 5th or 6th century AD by the ASI. It was found in Parel when a road was being constructed in 1931, and moved to the nearby Baradevi Temple, where it remains in worship, in its own room. There is a plaster cast on display in the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (formerly the Prince of Wales Museum) in Mumbai.
An inscription dated 26 January 1187 (Paurnima of Magha, Saka 1108) is found there recording of a grant made by Shilahara king Aparaditya II out of the proceeds of an orchard in a village named Mahavali (close to Kurla) for a Vaidyanatha temple.
In 1771 William Hornby, the Governor of Bombay, moved into the former friary, which became known as Government House, and a number of mills were subsequently established nearby. In 1883, the Governor's wife died of cholera in the house and two years later, the Governor's Mansion was moved to Malabar Point. During the plague epidemics of the 1890s, the old Government House was leased to the newly founded Haffkine Institute.
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- D'Cunha, Jose Gerson (1900). "IV The Portuguese Period". The Origins of Bombay (3 ed.). Bombay: Asian Educational Services. p. 265. ISBN 81-206-0815-1. Retrieved 4 January 2009.
- www.geni.org http://www.geni.org/globalenergy/library/technical-articles/links/power-supply-mumbai-bombay-india/parel.shtml#:~:text=Parel%20belonged%20to%20the%2013th,from%20another%20shrine%20to%20Shiva. Retrieved 2 July 2020. Missing or empty
- "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 1962 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF MAHARASHTRA" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 April 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 2004 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF MAHARASHTRA" (PDF).
- "DELIMITATION OF PARLIAMENTARY AND ASSEMBLY CONSTITUENCIES ORDER, 2008" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
- Death of an Industrial City: Testimonies of Life Around Bombay Textile Strike of 1982 Indian Labour Archives Archived 6 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine
- Kailash Babar (9 May 2012). "Mumbai's Lower Parel: One of the most coveted piece of real estate in the country's financial capital hard to sell". The Economic Times. The Times Group. Retrieved 10 December 2016.
- ASI; Michell, 355
- Corpus Inscriptions Indicarum, Vol. 6, p. 161-162. https://archive.org/stream/corpusinscriptio014678mbp#page/n391/mode/2up
- "Government House, Parell [Parel, Bombay]". British Library. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
- Hanhart, Joël (2016). Waldemar Mordekhaï Haffkine (1860-1930). Biographie intellectuelle. Paris: Éditions Honoré Champion.