|Look up parenchyma in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
In plants, "parenchyma" is one of the three main types of ground tissue, and the most common. It can be distinguished through their thin cell wall as compared to other cells. Parenchyma cells make up the bulk of the soft parts of plants, including the insides of leaves, flowers and fruits (but not the epidermis or veins of these structures).
In the brain, the parenchyma refers to "The functional tissue in the brain. It is comprised of two types of cells, neurons and glial cells, that are used specifically for cognition and controlling the rest of the body."
Damage or trauma to the brain parenchyma often results in a loss of cognitive ability or even death.
- LeMone, Priscilla; Burke, Karen; Dwyer, Trudy; Levett-Jones, Tracy; Moxham, Lorna; Reid-Searl, Kerry; Berry, Kamaree; Carville, Keryln; Hales, Majella; Knox, Nicole; Luxford, Yoni; Raymond, Debra (2013). "Parenchyma". Medical-Surgical Nursing. Pearson Australia. p. G–18. ISBN 978-1-4860-1440-8.
- "Parenchyma". Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- Weinberg (c. 2014). The Biology of Cancer.[page needed]