Coordinates: 4°01′00″S 119°37′25″E / 4.01667°S 119.62361°E / -4.01667; 119.62361

Parepare

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Parepare
Parepare City
Other transcription(s)
 • Bugineseᨄᨑᨙᨄᨑᨙ
Pare-Pare panoramic view
Pare-Pare panoramic view
Coat of arms of Parepare
Nickname: 
Kota Cinta - City of Love
Location within South Sulawesi
Location within South Sulawesi
OpenStreetMap
Map
Parepare is located in Sulawesi
Parepare
Parepare
Location in Sulawesi and Indonesia
Parepare is located in Indonesia
Parepare
Parepare
Parepare (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 4°01′00″S 119°37′25″E / 4.01667°S 119.62361°E / -4.01667; 119.62361
Country Indonesia
Province South Sulawesi
Established17 February 1960
Government
 • MayorAkbar Ali
 • Vice Mayor-
 • Leader of People's Representative CouncilKaharuddin Kadir
Area
 • Land38.35 sq mi (99.33 km2)
Population
 (mid 2023 estimate)[1]
 • Total160,309
Time zoneUTC+8 (Indonesia Central Time)
Area code(+62) 421
Websitepareparekota.go.id

Parepare is a city (kota) in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, located on the southwest coast of Sulawesi, about 155 km (96 mi) north of the provincial capital of Makassar. A port town, it is one of the major population centers of the Bugis people. The city had a population of 129,542 people at the 2010 Census[2] and 151,454 at the 2020 Census;[3] its official estimate as at mid-2023 was 160,309 (comprising 79,753 males and 80,556 females).[1]

B. J. Habibie, the third President of Indonesia, was born in Parepare.

History

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In the early development of this plateau, there was just a thicket of bushes that had many holes on slightly sloping land, which grew wild irregularly, ranging from the northern (Cappa Edge) up to the route south from the city. As time goes by, those bushes have now become the city of Parepare.

At an early date, there were kingdoms located on Parepare - the kingdom of Suppa in the 14th century and the Bacukiki Kingdom in the 15th century.

The term "Parepare" originates from the sentence of the King of Gowa “Bajiki Ni Pare” which means “(Ports in this region) are good.” Since then, the name “Parepare” has referred to the port city. Parepare was subsequently visited by Malay people who came to trade in the region of Suppa.

Seeing the strategic position of a harbour protected by a headland on the front side, the Dutch conquered this place at the first opportunity and made it an important city in the territory of the central part of South Sulawesi.

At the time of the Dutch East Indies, in Parepare, there was a Resident Assistant and a Controlur or Gezag Hebber as Head of Government (the Dutch East Indies), while the status of the region is named the “Afdeling Parepare” which included five "Onder Afdeling" for Barru, Sidenreng Rappang, Enrekang, Pinrang and Parepare.

In each region, an Onder Afdeling Controlur was domiciled or a Gezag Hebber. Besides the Dutch East Indies government officials, the structure of the Dutch East Indies Government was also assisted by government officials and Bugis kings, namely Arung Barru in Barru, Addatuang Sidenreng in Sidenreng Rappang, Sporting Enrekang in Enrekang, Addatung Sawitto in Pinrang, while at Parepare there was Arung Mallusetasi.

This governance structure, up to the outbreak of World War II, was when the Dutch East Indies Government was overtaken around the year 1942.

Administration

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Parepare (city) is divided into four Districts (Kecamatan), tabulated below with their areas and their populations at the 2010 Census[2] and the 2020 Census,[3] together with the official estimates as at mid-2023.[1] The table also includes the location of the district administrative centres and the number of administrative villages (all classed as urban kelurahan) in each district. Bacukiki District is inland and less densely populated, while the other three districts lie along the coast and contain the urban parts of the city.

Kode
Wilayah
Name of
District
(kecamatan)
Area
in
km2
Pop'n
Census
2010
Pop'n
Census
2020
Pop'n
Estimate
mid 2023
Admin
centre
No.
of
kelurahan
73.72.01 Bacukiki 66.70 14,477 25,511 27,424 Galung Maloang 4
73.72.04 Bacukiki Barat
(West Bacukiki)
13.00 39,085 45,197 47,733 Sumpang Minangae 6
73.72.02 Ujung 11.30 32,231 33,843 36,479 Labukkang 5
73.72.03 Soreang 8.33 43,469 46,903 48,673 Bukit Harapan 7
Totals 99.33 129,542 151,454 160,309 Bukit Harapan 22

Climate

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Parepare has a tropical monsoon climate (Am) with moderate rainfall from June to October and heavy rainfall from November to May.

Climate data for Parepare
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 30.0
(86.0)
30.1
(86.2)
30.5
(86.9)
30.9
(87.6)
31.2
(88.2)
30.8
(87.4)
30.6
(87.1)
31.4
(88.5)
31.7
(89.1)
32.3
(90.1)
31.3
(88.3)
30.3
(86.5)
30.9
(87.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.8
(80.2)
27.0
(80.6)
27.3
(81.1)
26.7
(80.1)
26.1
(79.0)
26.5
(79.7)
26.7
(80.1)
27.5
(81.5)
27.2
(81.0)
26.8
(80.2)
26.8
(80.3)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 23.2
(73.8)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
23.2
(73.8)
23.4
(74.1)
22.6
(72.7)
21.6
(70.9)
21.6
(70.9)
21.8
(71.2)
22.7
(72.9)
23.2
(73.8)
23.3
(73.9)
22.8
(73.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 310
(12.2)
236
(9.3)
217
(8.5)
203
(8.0)
178
(7.0)
98
(3.9)
74
(2.9)
47
(1.9)
61
(2.4)
108
(4.3)
210
(8.3)
343
(13.5)
2,085
(82.2)
Source: Climate-Data.org[4]

List of mayors

[edit]

This is a list of mayors of Parepare since 1960:[5]

  1. Andi Mannaungi (1960–1965)
  2. Andi Mappangara (1965–1968)
  3. Andi Mallarangeng (1969–1972)
  4. Abdullah Adjaib (1972–1973)
  5. Parawansa (1973–1977)
  6. Joesoef Madjid (1977–1983)
  7. Andi Samad Thahir (1983–1988)
  8. Mirdin Kasim (1988–1993)
  9. Syamsul Alam Bulu (1993–1998)
  10. Basrah Hafid (1998–2003)
  11. Zain Katoe (2003–2010)
  12. Sjamsu Alam (2010–2013)
  13. Taufan Pawe (2013–2023)

Twin town

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See also

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References

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  1. ^ a b c Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 28 February 2024, Kota Parepare Dalam Angka 2024 (Katalog-BPS 1102001.7372)
  2. ^ a b Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  3. ^ a b Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  4. ^ "Climate: Parepare". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  5. ^ "Sejarah Kota Parepare: Wali Kota & Wakil Wali Kota". Pemerintah Kota Parepare. Dinas Komunikasi dan Informasi Pemerintah Kota Parepare. Archived from the original on 2019-02-03. Retrieved 2018-01-03.
  6. ^ Bachtiar Adnan Kusuma (January 2001). Otonomi daerah: peluang investasi di kawasan Timur Indonesia. Yapensi Multi Media. ISBN 978-979-95819-0-7.
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