Parham, Suffolk

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Parham
Parham - Church of St Mary.jpg
Parham, Church of St Mary
Parham is located in Suffolk
Parham
Parham
Parham shown within Suffolk
Population 263 (2011)[1]
Civil parish
  • Parham
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Woodbridge
Postcode district IP13 9
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
SuffolkCoordinates: 52°11′46″N 1°22′34″E / 52.196°N 1.376°E / 52.196; 1.376
Parham Village Sign 2008
1945 map of Parham

Parham is a village and civil parish in the Suffolk Coastal district of Suffolk in eastern England. Located seven miles north of Woodbridge, in 2005 it had a population of 300, reducing to 263 at the 2011 Census, according to the 2011 census, there were 129 males and 134 females living within the parish.[2]

The flint-built parish church of St Mary, though restored in 1886, dates from the late 14th Century and was likely built for William de Ufford. The Rood screen is 15th Century.[3] The aviator Ray Hanna is buried in the churchyard. Parham is located on the B1116.

Parham Airfield Museum is located nearby.

Parham railway station, on the Framlingham Branch, was shut to passenger traffic in November 1952.

Occupation Structure[edit]

The Occupational structure (1881) of Parham is very agricultural based although there are a lot of unspecified or unknown, there were 77 males and 3 females working in farming and agriculture in 1881[4] There was 1 male who was employed in the armed forces as seen in the occupational structure graph below. There were 2 males employed in the conveyance of goods, men and messages[5] This is different to today as there isn't a post office in the village.[6] There were 2 female dominated positions in the village in 1881; these were Domestic Offices or Services, in which 1 male and 19 females worked, and Education and religion in which 1 male and 15 females were employed.[7]

Graph Showing Parham Occupation structure taken from 1881 census data

The occupation of the population of Parham in 2001 was very different to the occupational structure in 1881. The total amount of the population in Parham that was in employment in 2001 aged 16–71 was 132, the breakdown of this shows that 17 people from Parham worked in agriculture, relating to hunting and forestry. this works out to be around 12% of the working population. There was 11 people working in manufacturing, this was around 8% of the population. 3 people from Parham were in employment by electricity, gas and water supply, this is 2% of the working population. 15 people worked in construction, which is 11% of the population. 17 people who lived in Parham worked as a wholesaler or retail trade, and the repair of motor vehicles, this is 12% of the population. 6 people worked in Hotels or catering, this is 4.5% of the working population. 6% of the population, or 8 people, worked in transport storage and communication. 3 people worked in financial intermediation, which works out as 2%. 16 people worked in real estate which is 12% of the population. 7 people worked in public administration which is 5% of the working population. 10 people were in full-time education which was 7.5% of the population, 12 were employed into health and social work, this is 9% of the population, and finally, 7 people were employed as "other" which was 5% of the population.[8]

The 2011 census also asked for peoples industries and occupation, there were more people working in Parham in 2011, rising to 137 from 132, [9]. The breakdown shows that 7 people worked in agriculture, forestry and fishing, with 1 person working in mining and quarrying, and 12 people working in various manufacturing jobs. 1 person worked in water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation services, 6 people worked in construction, and 22 people or 16% of the working population worked in wholesale and retail trade, this includes the repair of motor vehicles and motor cycles. 3 people work in transport and storage, whilst 7 people worked in accommodation and food service activities. 8 people worked in information and communication and 2 people worked in financial and insurance activities, with 1 person working in real estate. 13 people worked in professional scientific and technical activities. 8 people were employed in administrative and support service activities, and 8 people were also employed in public administration and defence. 16 people were working in education. 19 people worked in human health and social work. whilst 2 people worked in Arts, entertainment and recreation, with 1 person working in activities of households as employers, producing activities of households for own use. [10]

Population[edit]

Population of Parham 1801 -2011 shows that Parham's population has been declining, going from 399 in 1801,[11] to 263 in 2011.[12] There has been some fluctuation in the population of Parham however, rising to a high of 532 in 1851 after rising steadily in the years before. Since 1851, the population steadily declined, as seen in the graph, only rising again in the 1951, after the baby boom after the second world war ended. The population is the lowest it has been recorded. The current population level is 263, which is a density level of 0.3[13] which is incredibly low compared to towns in the surrounding area, such as Framlingham.

Population of Parham 1801 - 2011

Religion[edit]

The religion is Parham is mainly that of Christian, this is due to the Church of England church in the village, in 2001, there were 245 people from Parham who identified themselves as a Christian, which then dropped to just 171 in the 2011 census. there was 3 people in the 2001 census, who identified as a religion described in the census as "other", this then dropped to 1 in the 2011, this drop could be due to people identifying with a different religion. People identifying as having no religion has increased, from 28 in 2001, up to 72 in 2011. In 2001 31 people did not state any religion, whether they believed in one or not. in 2011 this number fell to 19.[14][15]

Graph showing populations religion in both 2001 and 2011

Housing[edit]

The amount of housing in Parham has varied over time, in 1831, the amount of houses in the village was just 59, however, 10 years later, in 1841 the amount of housing had increased to 100, this could have been due to industrialization of the area and people moving to the town for work., the amount of houses in the area stayed at around 100, except for in 1851 when the amount of housing rose to 109, but then falling back down to 100 at the next census date in 1881. in the time from 1891 and 1901, some houses were either knocked down or the parish's boundary lines changed as there were only 96 houses in the village in 1901, dropping from 101 in 1891. This number again rose and fell, during wartime Britain, ranging from a low in 1931 with only 80 houses, and raising back up to 97 in 1961.[16] Using modern census data, from both 2001 and 2011, we can comapre the village size with previous years, in the 2001 data we can see what the amount of households in the village was 95, with 27 being 1 person households. there was 64 houses that had families in, and 4 houses which are used for "other purposes".[17] In 2011, there were 95 houses in Parham, again with 27 being one person households, there was 62 houses that were owned by families. There were 4 households describes as "other in this census." [18]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2001 census, the amount of people who identified as "White (British) was 297, of the 303 people who lived in the village. This works out to be 98% of the population that identifies as a white british person. The rest of the town, which was only 6 people, identified as "white (Other)" which would could be immigration from mainland Europe. This changed in the 2011 census, where, of the 263 people who lived in the village at the time, 253 identified as white British, which is a decrease down to 96% of the population of Parham, there were 10 people who identified as something other than white British, these were 1 person who identified as Irish, 5 people who identified as other white, 1 who identified as "mixed/multiple ethnic groups, White and Black Caribbean, and 3 who identified as mixed/multiple ethnic groups; White and Asian. this shows that the village is becoming more diverse.[19]

Deprivation[edit]

In the 2011 census, households were asked to answer questions about deprivation within the household, ranking over 4 dimensions these deprivation dimensions are  "Employment, Education, Health and disability, and Household overcrowding.",[20] this deprivation level is low for Parham, with 60 households out of the 106 in the town not being deprived in any dimension. There were 32 households that were deprived in 1 dimension. there was 11 houses that were considered to be deprived in 2 dimensions and 3 households that that were deprived in 3 dimensions, and 0 households that were deprived in all 4 of the dimensions.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 15 September 2015. 
  2. ^ ""Parham (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics"". Neighborhood Statistics. Office from National Statistics. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Mary, Parham (1030531)". National Heritage List for England. 
  4. ^ "1881 Occupational Structure". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 2017-02-28. 
  5. ^ "Vision of Britain | 1881 Census: Ages | Table 10". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-28.  horizontal tab character in |title= at position 37 (help)
  6. ^ "Page Title". parham.onesuffolk.net. Retrieved 2017-02-28. 
  7. ^ "Vision of Britain | 1881 Census: Ages | Table 10". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-28.  horizontal tab character in |title= at position 37 (help)
  8. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-28. 
  9. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-28. 
  10. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-28. 
  11. ^ "Parham CP/AP through time | Population Statistics | Total Population". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-28.  horizontal tab character in |title= at position 32 (help)
  12. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-28. 
  13. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-27. 
  14. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-21. 
  15. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-21. 
  16. ^ "Parham CP/AP through time | Housing Statistics | Total Houses". www.visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-26.  horizontal tab character in |title= at position 32 (help)
  17. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-26. 
  18. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-26. 
  19. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-27. 
  20. ^ "QS119EW (Households by deprivation dimensions) - Nomis - Official Labour Market Statistics". www.nomisweb.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-27. 
  21. ^ Sillitoe, Neighbourhood Statistics - Neil (2008-04-14). "Detect browser settings". www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-27. 

External links[edit]