Parham, West Sussex

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Parham St Peter.jpg
St. Peter's parish church
Parham is located in West Sussex
Location within West Sussex
Area15.86 km2 (6.12 sq mi) [1]
Population214 (2001 Census[1])
224 (2011 Census)[2]
• Density13/km2 (34/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ060142
• London43 miles (69 km) NNE
Civil parish
  • Parham
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPulborough
Postcode districtRH20
Dialling code01903
FireWest Sussex
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
West Sussex
50°55′05″N 0°29′35″W / 50.918°N 0.493°W / 50.918; -0.493Coordinates: 50°55′05″N 0°29′35″W / 50.918°N 0.493°W / 50.918; -0.493

Parham is a civil parish in the Horsham District of West Sussex, England. There was a village of Parham, around the parish church, but its few houses were destroyed in the early 19th century to create the landscaped park and gardens. The parish now consists of Parham Park and the farms and smaller settlements around it. The village is between Wiggonholt and Cootham, about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Pulborough on the A283 road.

The parish covers 1,586 hectares (3,920 acres). The 2001 Census recorded 214 people living in 95 households, of whom 124 were economically active.[1] At the 2011 Census the population was 224.[2]

The civil parish includes the hamlets of Rackham, southwest of Parham Park, and Wiggonholt on the A283 to the north, which has a small parish church.


The Church of England parish church of Saint Peter has a blocked two-bay arcade in the north wall of the nave that shows there used to be a north aisle.[3] The lower part of the bell-tower is Perpendicular Gothic and the south chapel remains as it was built in 1545, but the remainder of the building was remodelled in the Georgian Gothick fashion in about 1820.[3] The font is a rare lead one from the middle of the 14th century, repeatedly inscribed with the legend IHS Nazar and the arms of Sir Andrew Peverel (d. 1376),[4] who was a Knight of the Shire in 1351.[3]

Parham Park originated as a grange of Westminster Abbey.[5] After the Dissolution of the Monasteries it was converted into a south-facing E-shaped Elizabethan country house.[6]

Nature reserves[edit]

Parham Park grounds are a Site of Special Scientific Interest.[7] with a special biological interest for its epiphytic lichen flora, as an area for two rare beetles and its large heronry.

Pulborough Brooks, a nature reserve in the north of the parish is also an SSSI. It is beside the River Arun which floods in winter, providing a rich habitat for wading birds, ducks and geese.[8] Part of the area is an RSPB reserve.


  1. ^ a b c "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2009.
  2. ^ a b "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Nairn & Pevsner, 1965, page 292
  4. ^ A History of the Castles, Mansions, and Manors of Western Sussex, by Dudley George Cary Elwes, pub. 1876, p. 52.
  5. ^ Nairn & Pevsner, 1965, page 290
  6. ^ Nairn & Pevsner, 1965, pages 290–291
  7. ^ "SSSI Citation — Parham Park" (PDF). Natural England. Retrieved 4 April 2009. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ "SSSI Citation — Pulborough Brooks" (PDF). Natural England. Retrieved 4 April 2009. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)


External links[edit]

Media related to Parham, West Sussex at Wikimedia Commons