Parides proneus

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Parides proneus
Parides proneus and related species
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Papilionidae
Genus: Parides
Species: P. proneus
Binomial name
Parides proneus
(Hübner, [1831])
  • Hectorides proneus Hübner, [1831]
  • Papilio phryneus Lucas, 1852
  • Papilio fallax Röber, 1925

Parides proneus is a species of butterfly in the family Papilionidae. It is found in Brazil and Paraguay.


Males and females:both wings with narrow white band, the red submarginal spots of the hindwing straight or slightly curved; anal spot not v-shaped.No discal spot proximalof the anal submarginal one. Width of central band and the number of spots composing it on hindwing variable.[1]A full description is provided by Rothschild, W. and Jordan, K. (1906).[2]

Life cycle[edit]

The larva feeds on Aristolochia melastoma.


Parides phalaecus is a member of the ascanius species group [2] [3] ("Fringe-spots white. Hindwing with submarginal spots and usnally also discal spots or dots, or a discal band ; a quadrate whitish spot in space 2 of the forewing ;mostly with tail).A quadrate whitish spot in space 2 of the forewings is quite peculiar of the ascanius group[4]

The members are


A common species and not known to be threatened.[5]


  1. ^ Seitz, A. ed. Band 1: Abt. 1, Die Großschmetterlinge des palaearktischen Faunengebietes, Die palaearktischen Tagfalter, 1909, 379 Seiten, mit 89 kolorierten Tafeln (3470 Figuren) This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  2. ^ a b Rothschild, W. & Jordan, K. (1906). "A revision of the American Papilios". Novitates Zoologicae. 13: 411-752. (Facsimile edition ed. P.H. Arnaud, 1967) This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Edwin Möhn, 2007 Butterflies of the World, Part 26: Papilionidae XIII. Parides Verlag Goecke & Evers Verlag Goecke & Evers ISBN 13: 9783937783277
  4. ^ Racheli, Tommaso an Olmisani. Luca 1998. A cladistic analysis of the genus Parides Hubner, [1819], based on androconial structures (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Neue Ent. Nachr. (Marktleuthen),41:119-131.pdf
  5. ^ Collins, N. Mark; Morris, Michael G. (1985). Threatened Swallowtail Butterflies of the World: The IUCN Red Data Book. Gland & Cambridge: IUCN. ISBN 978-2-88032-603-6 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library. 
  • Möhn, Edwin (2006). Schmetterlinge der Erde. Butterflies of the World Part XXVI (26), Papilionidae XIII. Parides. Edited by Erich Bauer and Thomas Frankenbach Keltern: Goecke & Evers; Canterbury: Hillside Books. ISBN 978-3-937783-27-7 (Supplement 13 in English - by Racheli)

External links[edit]