|Genre||Novels, Poetry, Short Stories|
Parijat (Nepali: पारिजात) was a Nepalese citizen and a writer. Her real name was Bishnu Kumari Waiba (Waiba is a subgroup of Tamang) but she wrote under the pen name Parijat (Parijat is a night-flowering fragrant jasmine flower). Her most acclaimed publication is Shiris Ko Phool (The Blue Mimosa), which has also been adapted in the literature curriculum of some colleges in some English-speaking countries like United States, England etc. Some of the notable universities where Parijat's Shirish Ko Phool was adopted as curriculum in the University of Maryland, USA.
Early life and education
Parijat was born in 1937 in the hill station of Darjeeling, India, a place known for its tea gardens. Her mother Amrit Moktan died when Parijat was very young, and she was raised by her father Dr. K.N. Waiba, who was a psychologist, and her grandparents.
The birthplace of Parijat, Darjeeling, was a major centre of Nepali language, culture and literature during her growing-up years. Darjeeling is inhabited by Indian Gorkhas who also practices similar language and culture to that of Nepali people and has never lost its character as a major centre of Nepali language, culture and literature. Sharing a close relationship with Nepal. Parijat was intricately connected to Nepal and Nepali literature from her early childhood. Having had a keen interest in literature from her childhood, she was destined to play an important and well-appreciated role in strengthening Nepali literature.
Parijat completed part of her schooling in Darjeeling and moved and settled to Kathmandu, Nepal in 1954. She completed her schooling at Padma Kanya School and received her Bachelor of Arts degree. Suffering early on from physical ailments, at the age of 26, she became paralyzed and was looked after for much of her life by her sister.
In 1959, Parijat's first poem was published by Dharti. She published three poetry collections: Akansha, Parijat Ka Kavita and Baisalu Bartaman. Her first short story was Maile Najanmayeko Chhoro. She is, however, best known in Nepal as a novelist. Altogether, she wrote ten novels, of which Shirish Ko Phool gained the greatest popularity. In 1965, she was awarded with the Madan Puraskar for the novel. She also received the Sarwashrestha Pandulipi Puraskar, Gandaki Basunahara Puraskar, and Bridabrit. Shirish Ko Phool is one of the most important piece of work in the whole of literature. She was awarded Madan Prize of 2022 B.S. for this novel.
She began her literary career with "Dharti" while she was studying in Kathmandu. Besides being a brilliant writer of novels, stories, poems, articles etc, she also led the "Ralfa Movement" in 1966.4 She was elected as the member of the Tribhuwan University and was a part of Ralfa literature movement. She also played an important role in the establishment of Pragatisheel Lekhak Sangh and worked for Akhil Nepal Mahila Manch, Bandi Sahayata Niyog and Nepal Manav Adhikar Sangathan.
Parijat remained unmarried and continued to suffer physical setbacks. While she was contributing to literature, she also tried to support social causes and initiated attempts like Prisoners' Assistance Mission. She died in 1993.
Bengali Hungryalist Movement and Parijat
Several Bengali poets and painters of the Hungry generation movement had stayed in Kathmandu for a few months during the sixties decade and had been able to exchange indomitable spirits of each other. Parijat's Akansha is a testimony to that spirit. The notable Hungryalist poets and painters who visited Parijat quite frequently were Malay Roy Choudhury, Subimal Basak. Anil Karanjai and Samir Roychoudhury. A collection of Nepali and Hungryalist writings was edited by Samir Roychoudhury.
- शिरिषको फूल Shirish Ko Phool (The Blue Mimosa)
- महत्ताहिन Mahattahin
- परिभाषित आँखाहरु Paribhasit Aankhaharu
- बैशको मान्छे Baishko Manche
- तोरीबारी, बाटा, र सपनाहरु Toribari, Bata Ra Sapanaharu
- अन्तर्मुखी Antarmukhi
- उसले रोजेको बाटो Usle Rojeko Bato
- पर्खाल भित्र र बाहिर Parkhal Bhitra Ra Bahira
- अनिदो पहाड संगै Anido Pahadsangai
- बोनी Boni
- Short story
- मैले नजन्माएको छोरो Maile Najanmayeko Choro
- Short story collections
- आदिम देश Aadim Desh
- सडक र प्रतिभा Sadak Ra Pratibha
- साल्गीको बलात्कृत आँसु Salgiko Balatkrit Aashu
- बधशाला जाँदा आउँदा Badhsala Jadaa Aunda
- Poem collections
- आकांक्षा Akanksha
- पारिजातका कविता Parijat Ka Kabita
- बैशालु वर्तमान Baisalu Bartaman
- Memoir essays
- धूपी, सल्ला र लालीगुराँसको फेदमा Dhupi Salla Ra Laliguransko Fedma
- एउटा चित्रमय सुरुवात Auta Chitramaya Shuruwat
- अध्ययन र संघर्ष Aadhyayan Ra Sangharsha