Parima Tapirapecó National Park
|Parima Tapirapecó National Park|
|Nearest city||La Esmeralda|
|Area||38,290 km2 (14,780 sq mi)|
|Established||August 1st, 1991|
The Parima Tapirapecó National Park is in the Atabapo and Río Negro municipalities. It is the 5th largest national park in the world and the 2nd largest in South America. Established in August 1991, it has an area of 38,290 km² (15,000 mile²), and is the largest national park in Venezuela. The area protects the headwaters of the Orinoco, likewise the natural space and culture of the Yanomami ethnic group.
The park is in the Guayanan Highlands moist forests ecoregion. "The main types of vegetation in Parima-Tapirapecó National Park are evergreen lowland forests and submontane and montane forests. There are also large areas of mostly secondary savannas in the southern Parima uplands."
- Huber, Otto (2001), "Conservation and environmental concerns in the Venezuelan Amazon", Biodiversity and Conservation 10(10), 1627-1643. p1634
- Sears, Robin, South America: Southern Venezuela, northern Brazil, western Guyana, and eastern Colombia (NT0124), WWF: World Wildlife Fund, retrieved 2017-04-01