Provincia de Parinacota
Location in the Arica-Parinacota Region
|Region||Arica y Parinacota|
|Named for||Parinacota Volcano|
|• Governor||Roberto Lau Suárez (PPD)|
|• Total||8,146.9 km2 (3,145.5 sq mi)|
|Population (2002 Census)|
|• Density||0.39/km2 (1.0/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CLT  (UTC-4)|
|• Summer (DST)||CLST  (UTC-3)|
|Area code(s)||56 + 58|
|Website||Government of Parinacota|
Arica y Parinacota Region was created on October 8, 2007 under Law 20.175, promulgated on March 23, 2007 by President Michelle Bachelet in the city of Arica. The law divided the former Tarapacá Region into two: the northern portion became the XV Arica y Parinacota Region, and the southern portion remained the I Tarapacá Region.
Geography and demography
According to the 2002 census by the National Statistics Institute (INE), the province spans an area of 8,146.9 km2 (3,146 sq mi) and had a population of 3,156 inhabitants (2,106 men and 1,050 women), giving it a population density of 0.4/km2 (1/sq mi). It is the second least populated province in the country after Antártica Chilena and fifth most sparsely populated province. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population fell by 17.3% (659 persons).
As a province, Parinacota is a second-level administrative division of Chile consisting of two communes: General Lagos in the northern portion and Putre in the south. The town of Putre serves as the provincial capital. The provincial government is led by governor Enrique Gaspar Ramos, who was appointed by president Sebastián Piñera.