Parinayam (1994 film)

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Parinayam
Parinayam movie.jpg
Directed by Hariharan
Produced by G. P. Vijayakumar
Written by M. T. Vasudevan Nair
Starring Mohini
Vineeth
Manoj K. Jayan
Nedumudi Venu
Thilakan
Music by
Cinematography S. Kumar
Edited by M. S. Mani
Distributed by Seven Arts
Release date
1994
Country India
Language Malayalam

Parinayam (English: Wedding) is a Malayalam–language film directed by Hariharan and written by M. T. Vasudevan Nair. The key characters are played by Mohini, Vineeth and Manoj.K.Jayan. The film also has a cast of character artists including Thilakan, Nedumudi Venu, Oduvil Unnikrishnan, Jagathy Sreekumar, Sukumari, Jagannatha Varma, Valsala Menon, Bindu Panicker, Bahadoor, Anila and Shanthi Krishna.

Parinayam won four national awards (Best Screenplay, Best Film on Other Social Issues, Best Music Direction and Special Jury Award for Cinematography), also won several Kerala State Film Awards and Two Filmfare Awards South. This film deals with the mental and physical agony that a young Namboothiri widow had to undergo for losing her chastity. Parinayam was loosely based on Smarthavicharam (ritualistic trial for adultery) of Kuryeddath Thathri, that created a shock among Kerala in early twentieth century that led to the reformation of Namboothiri community. It remains the finest feminist film in Malayalam. The script found the perfect director in Hariharan.[1]

Plot[edit]

Unnimaya (Mohini), a young girl is married to Palakunnath Namboothiri ( Jagannatha Varma), a man in his sixties. She is his fourth wife. Unnimaya is an educated girl hailing from Kizhakkedath Mana, a progressive family in Kerala. Due to various social and economic factors, she is compelled to marry Palakunnath Namboothiri, a rich gentleman. Coming from a progressive household, Unnimaya finds it hard to adjust with the severe orthodox practices at her new home. The sudden death of her husband brings her face-to-face with the customary rituals practiced among Namboothiri community towards widowed women. She realizes that her widowhood makes her almost a shunned individual - one who cannot participate in any celebrations, or even attend any music/dance events or performances. Kunjunni Namboothiri (Manoj.K.Jayan), the elder son of Palakkunath, is the only person who shows compassion and support towards her. Kunjunni is actively involved in reformation among the Namboothiris and is considered as a rebel among the orthodox community. Unnimaya meets Madhavan (Vineeth), an upcoming Kathakali artist, and falls in love with him. They share some intimate moments, and later Unnimaya realizes that she is pregnant. The orthodox Namboothiri community is shocked when it learns about her pregnancy and decides to excommunicate her through Smarthavicharam. A group of senior Namboothiris, under the leadership of Moothedath Bhattathiri (Thilakan), conducts a series of rituals, first to extract the name of the one who impregnated her, and then later, to throw her out of the community. Unnimaya expects Madhavan to come save her, but he is unable to muster the courage to rescue her. Realizing that he is a coward and that she cannot expect him to deliver her out of the situation, Unnimaya decides to stand up to the orthodox Namboothiris. She answers their questions with clarity and confidence, angering them further. Ultimately, the decision is made to excommunicate her, and all the necessary rituals are completed. Kunjunni arrives as her savior. He gives her shelter at his home. The progressive Yogakshema Sabha, that he is part of, finds his ways too bohemian and dismisses him from the group. Madhavan, realizing his mistake, arrives to accept Unnimaya, but now she shows him the door declaring that he is not the father of her unborn child, and that the fathers are Arjuna, Bhima, Nala (the heroic characters performed by Madhavan as part of his dance performances). Unnimaya involves herself in social service and becomes a Congress volunteer deciding to do something for the downtrodden society.

Cast[edit]

Soundtrack[edit]

The acclaimed soundtrack of this movie was composed by maestro Bombay Ravi for which the acclaimed lyrics were penned by Yusufali Kechery. All the songs of this movie were instant hits.

Track Song Title Singer(s) Raga
1 "Anchu Sharangalum" K. J. Yesudas Maand
2 "Samaja Sancharini" K. J. Yesudas Kambhoji
3 "Parvanendu Mukhi" K. S. Chithra, Chorus Mohanam
4 "Vaishakha Pournamiyo" K. S. Chithra Kalyani
5 "Shanthakaram" K. S. Chithra Anandabhairavi
6 "Samaja Sancharini" K. S. Chithra Kambhoji
7 "Vaishakha Pournamiyo" K. J. Yesudas Kalyani

Awards[edit]

National Film Awards
Kerala State Film Awards

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Screenplays for ever". The Hindu. 26 September 2014.