The railway from Paris to Strasbourg is an important French 493-kilometre long railway line, that connects Paris to the eastern city Strasbourg via Châlons-en-Champagne and Nancy. Officially, the line does not start at the Gare de l'Est in Paris: the first 9 km until Noisy-le-Sec are shared with the railway from Paris to Mulhouse. The railway was opened in several stages between 1849 and 1852. The opening of the LGV Est high speed line from Paris to Baudrecourt in Lorraine in 2007 has decreased the importance of the section Paris–Sarrebourg for passenger traffic.
The Paris–Strasbourg railway branches off the Paris–Mulhouse railway at Noisy-le-Sec. It continues in eastern direction, following the river Marne upstream and crossing it several times. The main stations along this section are Meaux, Château-Thierry, Épernay, Châlons-en-Champagne and Vitry-le-François. After Vitry, it continues east, following the small rivers Saulx and Ornain upstream. It passes Bar-le-Duc, and crosses the river Meuse near Commercy. It enters the Moselle valley at Toul, and follows the Moselle downstream until Frouard.
The railway continues upstream along the river Meurthe, through Nancy and Lunéville. It continues east through Sarrebourg, and crosses the main Vosges Mountains ridge near Saverne. It descends along the small river Zorn until Brumath, where it turns south and enters the agglomeration of Strasbourg.
The main stations on the Paris–Strasbourg railway are:
The railway Paris–Strasbourg had already been planned in 1833, and its route had been defined in 1844. It was built and exploited by the Compagnie du chemin de fer de Paris à Strasbourg, that became part of Chemins de fer de l'Est in 1854. The first section that was opened in 1849 led from Paris to Châlons-sur-Marne. In 1850 a line from Nancy to Frouard, and a line from Châlons to Vitry-le-François were built. In 1851 a line from Vitry-le-François to Commercy, and a line from Sarrebourg to Strasbourg were built. Finally in 1852 the sections between Commercy and Frouard, and between Nancy and Sarrebourg were opened.
The Paris–Strasbourg railway is used by the following passenger services:
- TGV on the sections from Paris to Vaires-sur-Marne, from Châlons-en-Champagne to Bar-le-Duc, from Frouard to Nancy, and from Sarrebourg to Strasbourg
- ICE Paris–Munich on the sections from Paris to Vaires-sur-Marne, and from Sarrebourg to Strasbourg
- TER Champagne-Ardenne, TER Lorraine and TER Alsace regional services on the whole line
- Transilien regional services on the section between Paris and Château-Thierry
- RER E Paris rapid transit on the section between Paris and Chelles-Gournay
- "RFF - Map of electrified railway lines" (PDF).
- Direction Générale des Ponts et Chaussées et des Chemins de Fer (1869). Statistique centrale des chemins de fer. Chemins de fer français. Situation au 31 décembre 1869 (in French). Paris: Ministère des Travaux Publics. pp. 146–160.
- Joanne, Adolphe (1859). Atlas historique et statistique des chemins de fer français (in French). Paris: L. Hachette. p. 39.
- Demeur, A. (1860). Les chemins de fer français en 1860: Statuts des compagnies, notices historiques-situations financières (in French). Paris: Librairie de N. Chaix et cie. p. 92.