Paris–Strasbourg railway

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Paris–Strasbourg railway
Viaduc de Chalifert 02.jpg
The railway at Chalifert
Overview
System SNCF
Status Operational
Locale France (Île-de-France,
Picardy, Champagne-Ardenne,
Lorraine, Alsace)
Termini Noisy-le-Sec, near Paris
Gare de Strasbourg
Operation
Opened 1849-1852
Owner SNCF
Operator(s) SNCF
Technical
Line length 493 km (306 mi)
Number of tracks Double track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 25 kV 50 Hz[1]
Route map
0.0 Paris-Est
Paris - Châlons-en-Ch.
RER E from Haussmann-St-Lazare
2.6 Petite Ceinture
Petite Ceinture
4.5 Pantin
Grande Ceinture from Argenteuil
8.9 Noisy-le-Sec
9.0 Line to Mulhouse
10.3 Bondy
12.8 Le Raincy - Villemomble - Montfermeil
14.1 Gagny
Grande ceinture complémentaire
16.1 Le Chénay - Gagny
18.3 Chelles-Gournay
22.5 Vaires - Torcy
22.7 LGV Est to Strasbourg
27.4 Lagny - Thorigny
32.9 River Marne
from Crécy-la-Chapelle
36.1 Esbly
37.7 River Marne
44.1 Meaux
49.9 River Marne
50.2 Trilport
52.3 to Reims
55.0 River Marne
57.7 Changis - Saint-Jean
65.2 La Ferté-sous-Jouarre
69.6 River Marne
72.0 River Marne
73.4 River Marne
73.8 Nanteuil-Saâcy
83.8 Nogent-l'Artaud-Charly
88.1 Chézy-sur-Marne
94.5 Château-Thierry
103.2 to Romilly-sur-Seine
116.4 Dormans
141.4 Épernay
142.2 to Reims
148.9 from Sézanne
172.0 from Reims and Verdun
172.2 Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Ch. - Nancy
175.8 to Charmont-sous-Barbuise
204.2 River Marne
204.9 from Brienne-le-Château
204.9 Vitry-le-François
217.1 Blesme - Haussignémont
to Chaumont
238.0 Revigny
253.6 Bar-le-Duc
265.0 Nançois - Tronville
to Gondrecourt-le-Château
286.4 from Verdun
290.4 to Metz
294.0 Commercy
300.0 River Meuse
307.9 Pagny-sur-Meuse
to Neufchâteau
312.6 Foug
318.2 to Dijon
319.4 Toul
319.8 to Neuves-Maisons
327.3 River Moselle
328.1 Fontenoy-sur-Moselle
337.0 River Moselle
337.4 Liverdun
338.0 River Moselle
342.3 to Metz
344.3 Frouard
347.2 Champigneulles
352.4 Nancy-Ville
Nancy - Strasbourg
355.5 Jarville-la-Malgrange
to Mirecourt
358.0 Laneuveville-devant-Nancy
361.9 River Meurthe
365.4 Varangéville-Saint-Nicolas
368.1 Dombasle-sur-Meurthe
from Neuves-Maisons
370.1 Rosières-aux-Salines
375.5 Blainville-Damelevières
376.0 to Épinal
380.4 Mont-sur-Meurthe
382.3 River Meurthe
384.2 River Meurthe
385.2 Lunéville
386.0 to Saint-Dié-des-Vosges
409.6 Igney-Avricourt
431.6 River Saar
431.8 Sarrebourg
435.1 to Metz
435.2 Réding
to Drulingen
448.0 Lutzelbourg
458.0 Saverne
459.8 Zornhoff - Monswiller
462.5 Steinbourg
466.5 Dettwiller
469.7 Wilwisheim
474.5 Hochfelden
476.6 Schwindratzheim
479.7 from Sarreguemines
479.7 Mommenheim
484.9 Brumath
486.6 Stephansfeld
from Haguenau
492.3 Vendenheim
494.7 Mundolsheim
to Mulhouse
Strasbourg–Wörth railway to Wörth
502.0 Strasbourg
Line to Kehl (Germany)
Line to Mulhouse and Saint-Dié-des-Vosges

The railway from Paris to Strasbourg is an important French 493-kilometre long railway line, that connects Paris to the eastern city Strasbourg via Châlons-en-Champagne and Nancy. Officially, the line does not start at the Gare de l'Est in Paris: the first 9 km until Noisy-le-Sec are shared with the railway from Paris to Mulhouse. The railway was opened in several stages between 1849 and 1852.[2] The opening of the LGV Est high speed line from Paris to Baudrecourt in Lorraine in 2007 has decreased the importance of the section Paris–Sarrebourg for passenger traffic.

Route[edit]

The Paris–Strasbourg railway branches off the Paris–Mulhouse railway at Noisy-le-Sec. It continues in eastern direction, following the river Marne upstream and crossing it several times. The main stations along this section are Meaux, Château-Thierry, Épernay, Châlons-en-Champagne and Vitry-le-François. After Vitry, it continues east, following the small rivers Saulx and Ornain upstream. It passes Bar-le-Duc, and crosses the river Meuse near Commercy. It enters the Moselle valley at Toul, and follows the Moselle downstream until Frouard.

The railway continues upstream along the river Meurthe, through Nancy and Lunéville. It continues east through Sarrebourg, and crosses the main Vosges Mountains ridge near Saverne. It descends along the small river Zorn until Brumath, where it turns south and enters the agglomeration of Strasbourg.

Main stations[edit]

The main stations on the Paris–Strasbourg railway are:

History[edit]

The railway Paris–Strasbourg had already been planned in 1833, and its route had been defined in 1844.[3] It was built and exploited by the Compagnie du chemin de fer de Paris à Strasbourg, that became part of Chemins de fer de l'Est in 1854.[4] The first section that was opened in 1849 led from Paris to Châlons-sur-Marne. In 1850 a line from Nancy to Frouard, and a line from Châlons to Vitry-le-François were built. In 1851 a line from Vitry-le-François to Commercy, and a line from Sarrebourg to Strasbourg were built. Finally in 1852 the sections between Commercy and Frouard, and between Nancy and Sarrebourg were opened.[2]

Services[edit]

The Paris–Strasbourg railway is used by the following passenger services:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "RFF - Map of electrified railway lines" (PDF). 
  2. ^ a b Direction Générale des Ponts et Chaussées et des Chemins de Fer (1869). Statistique centrale des chemins de fer. Chemins de fer français. Situation au 31 décembre 1869 (in French). Paris: Ministère des Travaux Publics. pp. 146–160. 
  3. ^ Joanne, Adolphe (1859). Atlas historique et statistique des chemins de fer français (in French). Paris: L. Hachette. p. 39. 
  4. ^ Demeur, A. (1860). Les chemins de fer français en 1860: Statuts des compagnies, notices historiques-situations financières (in French). Paris: Librairie de N. Chaix et cie. p. 92. 

External links[edit]