|Directed by||Martin Ritt|
|Produced by||Sam Shaw|
|Written by||Walter Bernstein|
Lulla Rosenfeld (adaptation)
|Based on||Paris Blues|
by Harold Flender
|Music by||Duke Ellington|
|Edited by||Roger Dwyer|
|Distributed by||United Artists|
|27 September 1961 (USA)|
Paris Blues is a 1961 American drama film made on location in Paris, starring Sidney Poitier as expatriate jazz saxophonist Eddie Cook, and Paul Newman as trombone-playing Ram Bowen. The two men romance two vacationing American tourists, Connie Lampson (Diahann Carroll) and Lillian Corning (Joanne Woodward) respectively. The film also deals with American racism of the time contrasted with Paris's open acceptance of black people. The film was based on the 1957 novel of the same name by Harold Flender.
The film also features trumpeter Louis Armstrong (as Wild Man Moore) and jazz pianist Aaron Bridgers; both play music within the film. It was produced by Sam Shaw, directed by Martin Ritt from a screenplay by Walter Bernstein, and with cinematography by Christian Matras. Paris Blues was released in the U.S. on September 27, 1961.
On his way to see Wild Man Moore (Louis Armstrong) at the train station, Ram Bowen (Paul Newman), a jazz musician, encounters Connie Lampson, (Diahann Carroll), a newly arrived tourist, and invites her to see him perform that night at Club 33. Connie isn't interested but her friend, Lillian (Joanne Woodward) insists they go to see him. After Ram finishes performing with his friend Eddie (Sidney Poitier), he offers to take both women to breakfast. When Ram suggests that he and Connie go off and have a private breakfast together she is offended, and Ram is angered at being rejected. However Lillian, undeterred that Ram prefers her friend, pursues him and the two sleep together while Connie and Eddie spend the night walking around Paris.
Over the following weeks the couples grow closer. However Connie is angry that Eddie has abandoned America for France, insisting that the only way things can improve in the U.S. is if people stay and work together in order to change things, while Eddie is content to stay in Paris where there is less racism and he is able to carve out a career as a talented musician.
As Connie and Lillian's trip nears its end Lillian tries to convince Ram to enter into a more committed relationship and move back with her. Ram, aware that she has two children and lives in a small town, breaks off their relationship telling her he is dedicated to his music.
Meanwhile, Eddie and Connie declare their love for one another, and plan to get married. Shortly after, they argue when Connie asks him to try living in America for a year and he refuses. Their hearts broken by their respective lovers, Connie and Lillian make plans to return home early.
Before the women can leave, Ram attends a meeting with a record producer, Bernard, who dismisses a composition he has been working on as too "light." Bernard encourages Ram to take some time to study music, but Ram's hopes of being a serious musician have been dashed. Heartbroken, he tracks down Lillian, and agrees to move back with her. Connie, in a desperate last attempt to reach out to Eddie, follows him to a party where she tells him she is leaving for good. Unwilling to lose her, Eddie makes up his mind to return to America with her, but will follow in a few weeks.
At the train station, Ram is late and finally appears to tell Lillian that he has to stay in Paris, and is unwilling to give up on his music. Lillian and Connie depart on the train, and the two men head off together. As they leave, workers are re-papering a bill board, covering the advertisement of Louis Armstrong (Wild Man Moore) with an offer for Larousse.
- Paul Newman as Ram Bowen
- Joanne Woodward as Lillian Corning
- Sidney Poitier as Eddie Cook
- Louis Armstrong as Wild Man Moore
- Diahann Carroll as Connie Lampson
- Barbara Laage as Marie Séoul
- André Luguet as René Bernard
- Marie Versini as Nicole
- Moustache as Mustachio the drummer
- Aaron Bridgers as Pianist
- Guy Pederson as Bass Player
- Serge Reggiani as Michel "Gypsy" Devigne
- Emilien Antille as Man with alto sax in jazz cave when Armstrong enters
- Roger Blin as Fausto the moor
- Charles Bouillaud as Luggage carrier in train
- Michel Dacquin as Guest at Devigne's party
- Hélène Dieudonné as The Pusher
- Michel Garland as Club 33 customer
- René Hell as Man with dog in the park
- Jo Labarrère as Club 33 customer
- Jack Lenoir as Club 33 waiter
- Frank Maurice as Luggage carrier on the platform
- Niko as Ricardo
- Michel Portal as Musician
- Claude Rollet as Club 33 customer
- Albert Simono as Guest at Devigne's party
- André Tomasi as Club 33 bartender
- María Velasco as Pianist
- Dominique Zardi
While the original novel and first draft of the screenplay were primarily about interracial romance, United Artists demanded that aspect be changed, not believing the American public was ready for such a thing. The finished film briefly teases at the idea before abandoning it. Years after the release, Sidney Poitier stated "Cold feet maneuvered to have it twisted around - lining up the colored guy with the colored girl." and that United Artists had "chickened out" and "took the spark out of it."
It is rumored that Poitier and Carroll began their affair during production. The affair would last years ending when Poitier chose not to leave his wife.
|Soundtrack album by|
|Recorded||May 2 & 3, 1961|
|Duke Ellington chronology|
Paris Blues is a soundtrack album by American pianist, composer and bandleader Duke Ellington, recorded and released on the United Artists label in 1961 and reissued on Rykodisc in 1996 with additional dialogue from the film and the film trailer on CD-ROM. It features performances by Ellington's Orchestra with Louis Armstrong guesting on two tracks.
The Allmusic review by Scott Yanow awarded the album 3 stars and stated: "Although not a classic, Paris Blues (both the film and the soundtrack) is worth owning by jazz collectors". A review in Jazz Times by Stanley Dance, however, was quite critical of the release stating: "both movie and music, in my opinion, were disappointing examples of how too many cooks spoil the broth... for the main NYC sessions, no less than five drummers were brought in, who lamentably failed to swing the big band as the absent Sam Woodyard could have done all by himself. One of the few moments of truth occurs in the finale, "Paris Blues," when Johnny Hodges is briefly heard".
All compositions by Duke Ellington except as indicated
- "Take the "A" Train' (Billy Strayhorn) - 2:14
- "You Know Something?" (Spoken dialogue from the film) - 0:24
- "Battle Royal" - 4:31
- "Bird Jungle" - 1:59
- "What's Paris Blues?" (Spoken dialogue from the film) - 0:45
- "Mood Indigo" (Ellington, Barney Bigard, Irving Mills) - 3:15
- "Autumnal Suite" - 3:14
- "Nite" - 3:32
- "Wild Man Moore" - 1:49
- "Paris Stairs" - 3:05
- "I Wasn't Shopping" (Spoken dialogue from the film) - 0:21
- "Guitar Amour" - 2:02
- "A Return Reservation" (Spoken dialogue from the film) - 0:33
- "Paris Blues" - 5:53
- Music cues recorded at Reeves Sound Studios, New York on May 2 & 3, 1961.
- Duke Ellington – piano
- Louis Armstrong - trumpet (tracks 3 & 9)
- Cat Anderson, Willie Cook, Ed Mullens, Ray Nance, Clark Terry - trumpet
- Louis Blackburn, Lawrence Brown, Murray McEachern, Britt Woodman - trombone
- Juan Tizol - valve trombone
- Arthur Clark, Jimmy Hamilton - clarinet, tenor saxophone
- Johnny Hodges, Oliver Nelson - alto saxophone
- Russell Procope - alto saxophone, clarinet
- Paul Gonsalves - tenor saxophone
- Harry Carney - baritone saxophone, clarinet, bass clarinet
- Harry Smiles - oboe
- Les Spann - guitar, flute
- Jimmy Gourley - guitar
- Aaron Bell - bass
- Sonny Greer, Dave Jackson, Jimmy Johnson, Philly Joe Jones, Max Roach - drums
- Variety film review; September 27, 1961, p. 7.
- Harrison's Reports film review; September 23, 1961, p. 150.
- "Paris Blues by Harold Flender" (review), Kirkus.
- Goudsouzian, Aram (2004). Sidney Poitier: Man, Actor, Icon. Univ of North Carolina Press. p. 193. ISBN 978-1469622934.
- A Duke Ellington Panorama accessed May 14, 2010.
- Yanow, S. Allmusic Review accessed May 14, 2010.
- Dance, S. Paris Blues Soundtrack Review, Jazz Times, March 1999.
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