Paris Exposition, 1900 (film series)

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Paris Exhibition, 1900
Directed by Georges Méliès
Produced by Georges Méliès
Production
company
Release date
1900
Running time
17 films, 20 meters each[1]
Approx. 17 minutes total[2]
Country France
Language Silent

Paris Exhibition, 1900 (French: Vues spéciales de l'Exposition de 1900)[1] was a series of seventeen short French silent actuality films made in 1900 by Georges Méliès. The series was a documentary record of the 1900 Exposition Universelle in Paris.[2]

Summary[edit]

Main series[edit]

Panoramic view of the Exposition

The following list includes the original French title and the English release title (note that English-language catalogs preceded each title with the series name and a dash, e.g. Paris Exposition, 1900—The Moving Sidewalk), as well the numbers assigned to the films in Méliès's Star Film Company catalogs.[1]

The Champ-de-Mars, with the Eiffel Tower in the foreground
Old Paris and the Army and Navy Pavilions
# French title English title
245 La Porte Monumentale "La Porte Monumentale"
246 Panorama mouvant pris du trottoir roulant (le Champ-de-Mars) Moving Panorama, 1
247 Panorama mouvant pris du trottoir roulant (l'esplanade des Invalides) Moving Panorama, 2
248 Panorama mouvant pris du trottoir roulant (la rue des Nations) Moving Panorama, 3
249 Détail du trottoir roulant Details Connected With the Moving Sidewalk
250 La Plate-forme roulante The Moving Sidewalk
251 Vue panoramique prise en bateau sur la Seine (le pavillon des armées de Terre et de Mer) Panoramic View, taken while boating on the River Seine.—Army and Navy Pavilions
252 Vue panoramique faisant suite à la précédente (les palais étrangers) Panoramic View, taken while boating on the River Seine.—Foreign palaces
253 Vue panoramique prise en bateau sur la Seine (panorama général du Vieux Paris) Panoramic View, taken while boating on the River Seine.—Old Paris
254 Porte d'entrée de l'Exposition sur l'avenue des Champs-Élysées The Avenue of the Champs Elysées.—Palaces of Fine Arts
255 Vue panoramique prise à l'avant du train électrique Panoramic View from the Electric Railway
256 Panorama circulaire des Champs-Élysées (Palais des Beaux-Arts) Panoramic Excursion Round the Champs Elysées
257 Panorama circulaire (les Invalides) Panoramic Circular Tour; "Les Invalides"
258 Panorama circulaire (pris du centre du Champ-de-Mars) Circular Panorama; Champ de Mars
259 Panorama circulaire (pris du centre du jardin du Trocadéro) Trocadero
260 Panorama circulaire de la Seine (pont d'Iéna) Iéna Bridge
261 Panorama semi-circulaire (pris du sommet des tours du Trocadéro) From the Trocadero

Related films[edit]

In addition to the Paris Exposition, 1900 series proper, Méliès also sold two films, filmed on the River Seine in 1899, showing pre-opening work progressing on Exposition buildings on both sides of the river. These two films were released separately in France but were sold together as a continuous film (numbered 232–233) in English-speaking catalogs. Like the main series, these films were each 20 meters long.[1]

# French title English title
232 Panorama de la Seine (les travaux de l'exposition de 1900: le Vieux-Paris, rive droite) Panorama of River Seine
233 Panorama de la Seine (les travaux de l'exposition de 1900: les palais en construction, rive gauche)

Production[edit]

Méliès traveled at least twice to the Paris Exposition for his shots, filming architectural views early in the exposition year and shots of the ongoing exposition later on. He employed various techniques to achieve his views, shooting variously from stationary vantage points, from the Exposition's moving sidewalk, from the River Seine, and from an electric train. The circular panoramas of the Palais des Beaux Arts, Les Invalides, the Champs de Mars, Trocadéro, and the Pont d'Iéna were made by placing the camera on a specially built Gaumont turning platform.[2]

Edison's version of the panorama from the moving walkway

Though unconnected to Méliès's enterprise, another early filmmaker, the Edison Manufacturing Company producer James Henry White, also filmed scenes from the Exposition in July 1900. White's camera was equipped with a newly designed panning-head tripod, allowing for numerous panoramas from stationary vantage points.[3]

Status[edit]

The Méliès scholar John Frazer reported in 1979 that the Paris Exposition, 1900 series survived in a private collection,[2] but a 2008 Méliès filmography prepared by Jacques Malthête labels all seventeen films, as well as the two earlier films showing work in progress, to be presumed lost.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Malthête, Jacques; Mannoni, Laurent (2008). L'oeuvre de Georges Méliès. Paris: Éditions de La Martinière. pp. 341–342. ISBN 9782732437323. 
  2. ^ a b c d Frazer, John (1979). Artificially Arranged Scenes: The Films of Georges Méliès. Boston: G. K. Hall & Co. p. 81. ISBN 0816183686. 
  3. ^ Fullerton, John; Olsson, Jan (2004). Allegories of Communication: Intermedial Concerns from Cinema to the Digital. Rome: John Libbey. p. 265. ISBN 0861966511. Retrieved 4 August 2013.