Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia
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Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia (Indonesia Hinduism Society) is a major reform movement and organization that assisted in the revival of Hinduism in Indonesia. It was started in 1959 by Ida Bagus Mantra and led by Gedong Bagus Oka.
It lobbied for the rights of Hindus in Bali after Hinduism became a state sponsored religion (along with Buddhism, Islam, Protestantism, and Catholicism) in 1959. From 1960–64 it was known as Parisada Hindu Dharma Bali. In 1964 however it began to stress a religious rather than regional character and changed its name to Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia
It sent out many Balinese missionaries to outlying areas like Medan. In 1992, the Parisada hosted the Vishva Hindu Parishad conference in Bali, indicating a building of bridges with the worldwide Hindu community.
It is the highest religious body in Bali and is given an official sanction by the government to look into matters of Hindu law. The PHDI in this manner has become a rallying organization for the preservation of Hindu customs.
The PHD has contested Indonesia's demographic counts, saying that the 6,501,680 count (given by the government of Indonesia) grossly undercounts the Hindu population, stating that it is closer to 18 million.
- Gedong Bagus Oka – Founder
- Ketut Wiana – Balinese religious figure
- Putu Sukreta Suranta – Indonesian lieutenant general – former heads of PHDI
- The Struggle of the Hindu Balinese Intellectuals: Developments in Modern Hindu Thinking in Independent Indonesia The American Oriental – Vol. 115, No. 3
- Negotiating Identities – 'Hinduism' in modern Indonesia – IIAS #17
- World Hindu Federation Meets in Bali Hinduism Today – Nov. 1992
- RELIGION – Balix.org
- U.S. Department of State Annual Report on International Religious Freedom for 2006 – Indonesia – September 2006 Archived October 19, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. US State Department
- Indonesia International Religious Freedom Report 2005 – US State Department
- The McDonaldisation of Bali Institute for Sustainability and Technology Policy – Murdoch University
- Between Adat and Agama – Kyoto University
- The Sukarno years: 1950 to 1965 – Sejarah Indonesia
- Balinese Hinduism – A Life of Ritual and Devotion – Hindu Vivek Kendra
- Balinese Hindu Dharma – Part −02 – Shastras
- Great Expectations: Hindu Revival Movements in Java, Indonesia – Swaveda.org
- Official Site – Parisada Hindu Dharma Indonesia