Parish Grove Township, Benton County, Indiana
Parish Grove Township
Location of Parish Grove Township in Benton County
|• Type||Indiana township|
|• Total||45.44 sq mi (117.7 km2)|
|• Land||45.42 sq mi (117.6 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||745 ft (227 m)|
|• Density||5.3/sq mi (2.0/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||453706|
Parish Grove Township is one of eleven townships in Benton County, Indiana. As of the 2010 census, its population was 241 and it contained 101 housing units. It contains the unincorporated town of Freeland Park.
Parish Grove Township was one of the county's original three created in 1840. The grove for which it is named grew close to the township's southeastern corner, near what is now the intersection of county roads 400 West and 300 South. It originally covered about 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) and contained an abundant variety of trees, including oaks, walnuts, hickory, dogwood, haw, paw paw, sycamore, quaking ash, ironwood, water beach, elm, linn, poplar, ash, sassafras, locust, etc. As late as 1924 there were 37 varieties growing in the grove.
Parish Grove was home to a group of local Pottawatomie Indians led by Chief Parish (real name Pierre Moran), the son of French trader Constant Moran and a Kickapoo woman. Parish died circa 1826 and is buried in the grove, though the grave is unmarked.
According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 45.44 square miles (117.7 km2), of which 45.42 square miles (117.6 km2) (or 99.96%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) (or 0.02%) is water. Almost all of Parish Grove Township is open farmland, divided into roughly square mile blocks by regularly spaced county roads. Its highest point, located in the extreme southeastern corner of the township, is 915 feet (279 m); the land slopes away and flattens to the northwest down to about 700 feet (210 m). Several small streams flow north and west toward Sugar Creek, including Mud Creek, Gretencord Ditch, Salmon Ditch, Finigan Ditch and Kult Ditch.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place -- 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
- Birch, Jesse Setlington (1942) . History of Benton County and Historic Oxford. Oxford, Indiana: Craw & Craw, Inc. p. 40. Cite error: Invalid
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- Andreas, Alfred Theodore (1876). "Benton County". Illustrated Historical Atlas of the State of Indiana. Chicago: Baskin, Forster & Company.