Parishes of Guernsey
The Bailiwick of Guernsey includes the island of Guernsey and other islands such as Alderney, Sark, Herm, Jethou, Brecqhou, and Lihou. Each parish was established, probably in the 11th century, as a religious area, each having its parish church. Administratively each parish is now administered by an elected council known as a Douzaine.
The island of Guernsey is divided into ten parishes (the Bailiwick of Guernsey also includes the parish of Saint Anne, Alderney and the parish of Saint Peter, Sark are not generally included in the enumeration of parishes as the names are not of administrative significance):
Herm and Jethou form part of the parish of St Peter Port, Lihou falling within the area of St Pierre du Bois.
Each parish is administered by a Douzaine. Douzeniers are elected for a four-year mandate, for most parishes three Douzeniers being elected by parishioners at a parish meeting in November each year (total 12). The Vale elects four each year (total 16) and St Peter Port five (total 20). The senior Douzenier is known as the Doyen (Dean). To stand for election the candidate must reside in the Parish.
Two elected Constables (French: Connétables) carry out the decisions of the Douzaine, serving for between one and three years. The longer-serving Constable is known as the Senior Constable and his or her colleague as the Junior Constable. Historically the Constables have been in existence since at least 1481 although their duties have been reduced over the centuries.
Both Douzeniers and Constables can be removed by the Royal Court for failing in their duty.
Amongst the many varied duties:
- Obligation to ensure roadside hedges are trimmed
- Supervise watercourses (douits)
- Administer Parish cemeteries
- Maintain wayside pumps and troughs
- Collecting Parish rates
- Issue dog licence and collect dog tax
- Manage parish boat moorings
Parishes officials also advise the States of Guernsey on matters pertaining to the Parish, such as licensing drinking, entertainment and betting establishments.
Inhabitants of each of the parishes of Guernsey also have traditional nicknames, although these have generally dropped out of use among the English-speaking population. The traditional nicknames are:
|St Peter Port||Cllichards||(spitters)|
|St Pierre du Bois||Etcherbaots||(beetles)|
|St Martin's||Cravants||(ray fish)|
|St Andrew's||Les croinchaons||(the siftings)|
|Torteval||Ânes à pids d'ch'fa||(donkeys with horses' hooves)|
- Census, Guernsey official website
- Parishes of Guernsey, Statoids.com
- Ogier, Darryl. The Government and Law of Guernsey. States of Guernsey. ISBN 978-0-9549775-1-1.
- "Jurats and the States of Election". Royal Court of Guernsey.
- Dictiounnaire Angllais-Guernésiais