Paritala

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Paritala
Village
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Krishna
Mandal Kanchikacherla
Area[1]
 • Total 19.98 km2 (7.71 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 9,726
 • Density 490/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Paritala is a village in the Krishna district of the state of Andhra Pradesh, South India. It is located in Kanchikacherla mandal of Vijayawada revenue division.[1]

History[edit]

When the British achieved paramountcy over India, the Nizams were allowed to continue to rule their princely states as client kings. The Nizams retained internal power over Paritala village until 1948 when Paritala was integrated into the new Indian Union.

Temples[edit]

A statue in depicting Hanuman called Veera Abhaya Anjaneya Hanuman Swami is located in the village.[2] It was installed in 2003 and stands 135 feet (41 meters) tall. It is the tallest statue of Hanuman in the world, and the tallest statue in India.

Hanuman statue on Paritala National Highway-9

Diamonds[edit]

Paritala and the nearby villages such as Gani Atkur formed the area of rich diamond mines called Kollur mines (Gani Kollur).[3][4][5]

The Kollur mines were visited by Tavernier and William Methold who recorded that bullock cart loads of diamonds were being unearthed by 60,000 workers (1618 A.D.).[6] Some of the most famous diamonds mined in Kollur mines, Gani Paritala and gani Atkur are:

  • Koh-i-Noor (186 ct) – British Crown Jewels, London
  • Great Mogul (787 ct) – Lost after Nadir Shah sacked Delhi
  • Pitt or Regent (410 ct) – Apollo Gallery, Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Orlov (300 ct) – Diamond Treasury, Kremlin, Moscow
  • Nizam Diamond (440 ct) – Nizam's Treasury, Hyderabad
  • Hope Diamond (67 ct) – Smithsonian Institution, Washington
  • The Golconda (135 ct) – Dunklings Jewellers, Melbourne, Australia.
  • Kolluru (63 ct) – Purchased by Tavernier and unknown location

During medieval times and British rule Paritala-Kollur mines were famous for diamond mining. Diamonds such as Pitt and Regent diamonds were mined here.[7] Other famous diamonds of Paritala mines include Darya-i-Noor, Dresden Green and Legrand Conde.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Krishna" (PDF). Census of India. p. 16,298. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  2. ^ Tallest Statue in India : Veera Abhaya Anjaneya Hanuman Swami | hotklix
  3. ^ Large and Famous Diamonds: http://www.minelinks.com/alluvial/diamonds_1.html
  4. ^ India Before Europe, C.E.B. Asher and C. Talbot, Cambridge University Press, 2006, ISBN 0521809045, p. 40
  5. ^ A History of India, Hermann Kulke and Dietmar Rothermund, Edition: 3, Routledge, 1998, p. 160; ISBN 0415154820
  6. ^ Deccan Heritage, H. K. Gupta, A. Parasher and D. Balasubramanian, Indian National Science Academy, 2000, p. 144, Orient Blackswan, ISBN 8173712859
  7. ^ A Manual of the Geology of India: Economic geology, by V. Ball. 1881; Geological Survey of India, Henry Benedict Medlicott, William Thomas Blanford, Valentine Ball, Frederick Richard Mallett, p. 23
  8. ^ "Master Diamond Cutters – Creators of Sirius Star®…the world's brightest diamond® and Diamond Restoration – recut, repair & re-polish service to the trade. » Paritala-Kollur".